Leonard Bahr

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Leonard Bahr
Born (1905-05-12)May 12, 1905
Maryland
Died July 25, 1990(1990-07-25) (aged 85)
Nationality American
Education Maryland Institute College of Art
Known for Painting
Spouse(s) Florence Riefle Bahr

Leonard Marion Bahr (May 12, 1905 – July 25, 1990) was a portrait painter, muralist, illustrator and painting professor at the Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA).

Personal life[edit]

Leonard Marion Bahr was born on May 12, 1905 in Maryland.[1][2][3]

He married Florence E. Riefle, who had been a student at Maryland Institute of Art, in 1934 and they had three children, Beth, Leonard, and Mary.[4] Leonard died July 25, 1990.[3][1]

Artist[edit]

Bahr created realistic landscape paintings, still lifes and portraits.[4]

Bahr believed that artists have an ability to see beauty in unlikely places, like "an old lady getting on a bus with a basket of fish or a rusty garbage can glistening in the rain, but there's beauty everywhere you look."

Jack Dawson, A Family of Artists[4]

Portraits and paintings with people[edit]

In 1930, Leonard started his professional painting career while still a student, beginning with two portraits of Baltimore's Mayor Preston.[citation needed] He made portraits of Bishop Noble C. Powell,[5] various doctors and administrators at The Johns Hopkins Hospital,[6] and other prominent individuals.[7][8] The State of Maryland commissioned him to replicate the historical portrait, by John Wollaston,[9] of Daniel Carroll, which is now located on the first floor of the Maryland State House.[10]

Bahr made a painting of his brother, Maurice, at work underneath a Ford Model T automobile. Within the "rough grained" wood frame was a painting made of gray, black and dark brown oil paint. After the initial exhibition at the Baltimore Museum of Art, it traveled in a labor and art tour across the United States.[4]

Biblical themes[edit]

Leonard, a Christian, painted Biblical themes, including Christ in War, made in 1964[11] and an altar painting of Christ at Gethsemane for Our Savior's Evangelical Lutheran Church in Lansdowne, Maryland. He made an illustrated book of his drawings depicting the 23rd Psalm of David that was published in 1933.[12]

Murals[edit]

He painted murals for the Works Progress Administration. In 1934 Bahr made the mural of Mary Caroll (Polly) Caton, daughter of lawyer, statesman and Contintental Congress representative Charles Carroll. The mural entitled Arrival of Mary Carroll Caton (1770-1846) at Castle Thunder was made for the Catonsville High School library. In it, she arrived at the Caton Manor Estate, which was her father's gift to her when she married Richard Caton. It is "presumedly" her husband who greeted her as she exited the carriage. The high school was renovated in the 1960s and the mural was lost in the process.[13] The same year, he made Slaves Rolling Hogsheads of Tobacco Down a Road for the school's library. In it, slaves are rolling casks of tobacco to Elkridge Landing on Rolling Road. Historically slaves rolled the tobacco hogsheads from farms to the Elkridge Landing seaport on the Patapsco River where they would be shipped.[14][15] A preliminary drawing for the library murals is held at the Smithsonian.[citation needed] He made two more murals for the Baltimore Municipal Aquarium at Druid Hill Park.[citation needed]

World War II[edit]

His service as Lt. Commander in the Navy during World War II, included illustrating Navy life for various military magazines.[citation needed]

Other information[edit]

In April 1933, Bahr exhibited at the first annual exhibition of the Maryland Painters, Sculptors and Printmakers at the Baltimore Museum of Art.[16]

Leonard served on art boards and juries and exhibited his work widely, winning many prizes for his artistic eye.[citation needed] Articles about him or his works were published in American Artist,[17][18] The Appalachian South,[19] Gardens Houses and People, The Baltimore Sun Magazine, and the Baltimore Sun.[citation needed]

Maryland photographer Emily Hayden took a series of photographs of Bahr painting outdoors, which are in the Maryland Historical Society archives.[citation needed] In December 1980 and January 1981, Maryland Institute College of Art held a retrospective of his fifty years as a painter.[20] In the 1980s he was filmed for a video entitled "A Painter's Portrait."[citation needed]

Educator[edit]

Bahr taught beginning and advanced painting classes at the Maryland Institute College of Art for more than 50 years, beginning when he was an undergraduate. He taught day and night classes on the weekdays and Saturdays for much of his career.[4] In 1980, he retired with honors for service.[citation needed] Two years later, he was still teaching one painting class in the fall and spring semesters. Bahr also gave private lessons.[4]

Collections[edit]

Leonard's history and artworks have been published and are in private and public collections, including the Academy Art Museum in Easton, Maryland;[21] University of Arizona; the Peabody Conservatory of Music; the Baltimore Museum of Art; the Corcoran Gallery of Art; and the Elkridge Heritage Society.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

The following is a selected list of Bahr's works. There are images and information for dozens more works with the Maryland State Archives.[22]

Portraits
  • Miss Ruth Baetjer, Union Memorial Hospital, 1974[23]
  • Daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Willem Bosma, 1977, Private collection[24]
  • Daniel Carroll (1730-1796), oil on canvas, 48 x 38", 1975, Maryland State House, First Floor, Room 107[10][25][26]
  • The Demuth Children, 1970, The H.E. Demuth Jr. Collection[27]
  • Ellen, 1974, Private collection[28]
  • May Garrettson Evans, (1866-1947), oil on canvas, 38 x 28", 1947, Peabody Art Collection.[7][25]
  • Dr. George Finney, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1973[6]
  • Florence, 1930[29]
  • Mary, 1964[30]
  • Mary in Robe, 1948, Private collection[31]
  • Nude in Wicker Chair, 1970[32]
  • The Rt. Rev. Bishop Noble C. Powell, Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, 1963[5]
  • Unknown Man, 1939[33]
  • Lois Crawford Winslow, 1939[34]
  • Norbert Witt, Noxell Corporation, 1973[8]
  • The Seers: Ambrose & Olga Worrall, 1965[35]
Landscapes
  • Locust Grove, 1980[36]
  • Rain Squall and Sun, 1972[37]
  • Rushing Water, 1955[38]
  • Valley Landscape, 1970[39]
Other works
  • Ballerina Resting[40]
  • Big Chair, 1978[41]
  • Death and Transfiguration, 1965[42]
  • Girl in Straw Hat[43]
  • Good Earth, 1952[44]
  • Louisiana Belle, 1946[45]
  • Pink House, 1936[46]
  • Red Cloth, 1960[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beneficiary Identification Records Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
  2. ^ 1940 Baltimore, Baltimore City, Maryland census. Roll: T627_1524; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 4-400. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls.
  3. ^ a b Painters: Leonard Marion Bahr. Maryland at a Glance. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Jack Dawson, "A Family of Artists." The Sun Magazine, January 10, 1982.
  5. ^ a b The Rt. Rev. Bishop Noble C. Powell. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  6. ^ a b Dr. George Finney, Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  7. ^ a b May Garrettson Evans. The Peabody Collection. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Norbert Witt. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  9. ^ Daniel Carroll. The History of Maryland Slide Collection. Maryland History. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  10. ^ a b Daniel Carroll. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  11. ^ Christ in War. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  12. ^ The Twenty-third Psalm of David. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  13. ^ Photograph of Arrival of Mary Carroll Caton at Castle Thunder. Maryland Digital Cultural Heritage. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  14. ^ Photograph of Slaves Rolling Hogsheads of Tobacco Down a Road. Maryland Digital Cultural Heritage. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  15. ^ Elizabeth Janney. Elkridge. Arcadia Publishing; 8 July 2013. ISBN 978-0-7385-9927-4. p. 10–11.
  16. ^ 1933 Maryland Painters, Sculptors and Printmakers Exhibition photograph and description. Maryland Digital Cultural Heritage. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  17. ^ Leon L. Winslow. "The Portraits of Leonard Bahr" American Artist. December 1964.
  18. ^ The Leonard Bahr Collection: MSA SC 5632-3-2. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  19. ^ Portrait of Hedy West on the front cover. The Appalachian South magazine, 1965. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  20. ^ Leonard Bahr Retrospective...Fifty Years of Painting, December 11-January 18. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  21. ^ Winter 2011 Newsletter. Academy Art Museum. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  22. ^ Search: Leonard Bahr. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  23. ^ Miss Ruth Baetjer, Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  24. ^ Daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Willem Bosma. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  25. ^ a b Works by Leonard Marion Bahr (1905-1990). Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  26. ^ Daniel Carroll. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  27. ^ The Demuth Children, Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  28. ^ Ellen. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  29. ^ Florence, Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  30. ^ Mary. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  31. ^ Mary in Robe. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  32. ^ Nude in Wicker Chair, Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  33. ^ Unknown Man. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  34. ^ Lois Crawford Winslow. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  35. ^ The Seers: Ambrose & Olga Worrall. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  36. ^ Locust Grove. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  37. ^ . Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  38. ^ Rushing Water. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  39. ^ . Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  40. ^ Ballerina Resting. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  41. ^ Big Chair. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  42. ^ Death and Transfiguration. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  43. ^ Girl in Straw Hat. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  44. ^ Good Earth. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  45. ^ Louisiana Belle. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  46. ^ . Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  47. ^ Red Cloth. Special Collections. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved January 25, 2014.