||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: it reads like a hagiography and fails to clarify the controversial and fringe nature of his ideas.. (March 2013)|
Leonard George Horowitz DMD, MA, MPH (born June 20, 1952) is a former dentist, a health industry entrepreneur, and the author of a number of books, pamphlets, DVDs, CDs and articles on public health issues; the books and pamphlets have been published under his own Tetrahedron imprint. Horowitz is an AIDS conspiracy theorist and opposes vaccination.
|This biographical article relies on references to primary sources. (October 2010)|
Peer-reviewed publications on dentistry 
From 1978 to the mid-1990s, Horowitz wrote several articles on dentistry, including its relation to medical marijuana and holistic health. Beginning in the early 1990s, AIDS hygiene in dentistry and addressing patient fears about AIDS risks in the dental office became dominant themes in Horowitz's peer-reviewed work.
Other works 
Horowitz's self-published books include Deadly Innocence: Solving the Greatest Murder Mystery in the History of American Medicine (1994), in which he claims that Kimberly Bergalis' dentist, David J. Acer was a pedophile and a serial killer who used HIV as his murder weapon; and Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola — Nature, Accident or Intentional? (1996), which advances the theory that AIDS and Ebola were engineered by the U.S. government with biological warfare and genocide in mind.
Writings on the Kimberly Bergalis controversy 
HIV/AIDS and dentistry received attention in the early 1990s with the case of Kimberly Bergalis, one of six patients reported to have contracted HIV from an HIV-infected dentist, David J. Acer. Initial inquiries concluded that the patients had the same strain of HIV, and that Acer was the most likely source of infection. In 1994, Horowitz wrote that the case should be treated as serial homicide, concluding that Acer had acted with murderous intent and was motivated by a political agenda. At an AIDS conference, Horowitz, Strecker, Cantwell, Vid, and Grossman's names were attached to an abstract that stated that "two-thirds of African Americans recently surveyed believe the AIDS epidemic may be genocide." According to Horowitz, various levels of government had acted in concert to suppress evidence in the Acer case:
"Three years into the Acer investigation, I had fallen deeply into a U.S. Government cover-up... [t]he Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Florida health officials had covered up almost all of the incriminating evidence linking Dr. Acer to thirty six serial killers studied by the FBI."
"I was forced to conclude the authorities covered up the evidence implicating Dr. Acer to prevent the media, and subsequently the public, from probing into his background. The legal testimony in the case indicated he believed he was dying of a virus that the government had created. Dr. Acer, his best friend testified, believed that the virus had been unleashed for genocide against America's gay community and Third World Blacks."
While researching the Acer case, Dr. Horowitz came upon a 1970 Department of Defence appropriations request for $10 million for a five-year study to develop an immune system ravaging microorganism for germ warfare. This project was authorized by the most esteemed of all scientific agencies in America, the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council.
However, the "best friend" cited by Horowitz, Edward Parsons, is actually reported to have said "only that Acer was angry about his AIDS infection, and he specifically said that Acer did not tell him that he was going to intentionally infect patients." and that "Dr. Acer had said to him in 1988 that mainstream America was ignoring AIDS because it affected mostly homosexuals like himself, hemophiliacs and drug addicts."
Vaccinations, HIV/AIDS and racial controversies 
Horowitz is the most publicized proponent of the conspiracy theory that HIV was deliberately designed by US military lab in the 1970s for use as a genocidal weapon. The scientific consensus is that HIV is a variation of simian immunodeficiency virus that crossed into humans and mutated into a virus lethal to humans. Genome researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory's HIV Genome Database have broken with this consensus however, and maintain that based on evolution of the HIV genome, a "punctuated event" must have occurred to create the cross planet, simultaneous AIDS outbreaks.
Horowitz has been cited as influential in the decision of the Nation of Islam to call for a boycott of U.S.-sponsored vaccination programs:
- ... Horowitz's account of the genocidal proclivities of governments and pharmaceutical companies has been taken up by the Nation of Islam. As Horowitz relates in the epilogue to the "expanded Reference Edition" [of Emerging Viruses] published in 1998, he was invited by Alim Muhammad, health minister of the Nation of Islam, to address a meeting headed by Louis Farrakhan. Convinced by Horowitz's account of the dangerous contamination of vaccines by unknown or possibly man-made viruses, the Nation of Islam recommended the black community should boycott all compulsory vaccination programs for children in the U.S.
In early 2004, the Nation of Islam publication, The Final Call, wrote the following about Horowitz:
In his 2001 book entitled, Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare, Horowitz concludes that the predilection of HIV/AIDS for Black Americans and Africans is the likeliest result of successful national security policies ordered during the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Jimmy Carter, leaving very little room for argument that there is no intentional movement to eliminate the Black population globally. Horowitz said national security documents reveal the intentional targeting of Blacks in America and Africa for population control, including depopulation, as is being accomplished by the AIDS epidemic today. He said every sociopolitical and economic outcome secretly planned for Blacks in the Diaspora and on the African continent by intelligence agencies during those two administrations has come to pass. During the early 1970s, Horowitz writes that National Security Memorandum 200, advanced by Nixon's National Security Adviser (sic) Henry Kissinger, called for massive "Third World" depopulation efforts in order to maintain the economic alignment of the superpowers. "Zbigniew Brezinski (sic), who replaced Dr. Kissinger in the Carter administration, secretly advanced National Security Memo #46 to cabinet chiefs only, this document authorized the FBI and CIA to initiate genocidal policies," Horowitz writes. He said that Kissinger's security policy specifically stated the need to dramatically reduce African populations, and Brzezinski's memo explained that Black nationalism "posed" economic and security threats to America.
On April 27, 2008, Jeremiah Wright, during questions and answers at the National Press Club in connection with the general controversy over his opinions, was asked by a moderator, "In your sermon, you said the government lied about inventing the HIV virus as a means of genocide against people of color. So I ask you: Do you honestly believe your statement and those words?" Wright responded, "Have you read Horowitz's book, "Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola," whoever wrote that question? .... I read different things. As I said to my members, if you haven't read things, then you can't – based on this Tuskegee experiment and based on what has happened to Africans in this country, I believe our government is capable of doing anything."
On October 7, 2009, Horowitz told al Jazeera that H1N1 vaccines would cause sterility, as part of a plan of "pangenocide" against Muslims. An identical claim was previously circulated by Muslim clerics in Kano, Nigeria in 2003, leading to a resurgence of polio in North Africa. Horowitz was a speaker at Conspiracy Con in 2001, 2004 and 2007.
Claims of a treatment for SARS 
Six weeks after the initial identification of the virus causing the 2003 SARS outbreak, Horowitz and some associates promoted what they claimed was an "effective treatment" for the disease, a naturopathic product line called "Urbani". Carlo Urbani, who had first identified SARS to the World Health Organization as a new, infectious and lethal disease after it had spread from China to Vietnam, had died of SARS on March 29, 2003.
Solfeggio frequencies 
Solfeggio frequencies is a term coined by Leonard Horowitz, DMD and Joseph Puleo in 1999. It is a system of musical tuning for pitched instruments, referring to a belief that a set of nine frequencies derived from numerology were used centuries ago in Gregorian and Sanskrit chants. These frequencies are believed to create positive shifts to those in proximity to them.
- U.S. Public Records Index Vol 1 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2010.
- Kalichman, Seth C. (2009). Denying AIDS: Conspiracy Theories, Pseudoscience, and Human Tragedy. Berlin: Springer. pp. 108. ISBN 0-387-79475-1.
- Horowitz, LG; Nersasian, RR (1978). "A review of marijuana in relation to stress-response mechanisms in the dental patient". Journal of the American Dental Association 96 (6): 983–6. PMID 209072.
- Horowitz, LG (1981). "In defense of holistic health". Journal of the American Dental Association 102 (2): 154, 156. PMID 6937545.
- Horowitz, LG (1992). "Audiotaped relaxation, implosion, and rehearsal for the treatment of patients with dental phobia". General dentistry 40 (3): 242–7. PMID 1499977.
- Horowitz, Leonard G.; Dillenberg, Jack; Rattray, Janet (1987). "Self-care Motivation: A Model for Primary Preventive Oral Health Behavior Change". Journal of School Health 57 (3): 114–8. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.1987.tb05382.x. PMID 3645177.
- "Horowitz LG" (Author) – PubMed Results.
- Horowitz, L (2001). "Polio, hepatitis B and AIDS: an integrative theory on a possible vaccine induced pandemic". Medical Hypotheses 56 (5): 677–86. doi:10.1054/mehy.2000.1171. PMID 11388787.
- "AIDS Mystery That Won't Go Away: Did a Dentist Infect 6 Patients?", Lawrence K. Altman, M.D., New York Times, July 5, 1994 http://partners.nytimes.com/library/national/science/aids/070594sci-aids.html
- Horowitz, LG (1994). "Murder and cover-up could explain the Florida dental AIDS mystery". British Dental Journal 177 (11–12): 423–7. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.4808632. PMID 7803152.
- Horowitz, LG (1994). "Sexual homicide with HIV in a Florida dental office?". The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry 19 (1): 61–4. PMID 7865426.
- ""AIDS dentist called `serial killer'", Washington Times, Apr 2, 1994". Nl.newsbank.com. 1994-04-02. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- "Dentist with AIDS Possibly Infected Some Patients Deliberately", The Deseret News, Sep 1, 1994
- The Gravest Show on Earth: America in the Age of AIDS, Elinor Burkett, 1995; p. 133
- Horowitz, LG; R, Strecker; Cantwell, A; Vid, D; Grossman, G (1996). "The mysterious origin of HIV: reviewing the natural, iatrogenic, and genocidal theories of AIDS". Vancouver: Int Conf AIDS.
- "Profile in Making a Difference", undated press release, at www.tetrahedron.org/news/making_a_difference.html, reported there as being in press at a Dallas-based magazine, Holistic Networker, TX
- Horowitz, Leonard. "Dr.". Consumer Health Organization of Canada. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- Carus, op. cit., p.80
- Altman, Lawrence K. (1993-06-06). ""AIDS and a dentist's secrets", 6 June 1993". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- ""The origin of acquired immune deficiency syndrome: Darwinian or Lamarckian?", Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B June 29, 2001 356 1410 877-887; 1471-2970".
- Conspiracy Culture: From the Kennedy Assassination to the X-files, Peter Knight, Conspiracy Culture: From the Kennedy Assassination to the X-files, p. 202
- ""Activists charge pharmaceutical cartel with being a tool for genocide", The Final Call, Jan 20, 2004". Finalcall.com. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- conspiracycon.com, "Video & Audio Page 2008". Retrieved 2008-05-02.
- ""DOCTORS MAKE NATURAL TREATMENT FOR SARS AVAILABLE WORLDWIDE", Healthy World Distributing press release, May 6th, 2003". Archived from the original on 2003-06-03. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- "A Rush of Products Ready (or Not) to Fight SARS", Washington Post, May 10, 2003[dead link]
- ""Warning Letter SEA 04-30", May 19, 2004". Casewatch.org. Retrieved 2010-05-11.