Leonard J. Farwell
|1865 portrait of Farwell by William F. Cogswell|
|2nd Governor of Wisconsin|
January 5, 1852 – January 2, 1854
|Preceded by||Nelson Dewey|
|Succeeded by||William Augustus Barstow|
January 1, 1819|
Watertown, New York
|Died||April 10, 1889
Grant City, Missouri
|Resting place||Grant City Cemetery
Grant City, Missouri
|Spouse(s)||Frances A. Cross|
|Children||Cornelia Louise Farwell
William Cross Farwell
Leonard Newton Farwell
Farwell was born in Watertown, New York, and moved to Wisconsin in 1840, prior to its statehood. He first settled in Milwaukee and moved to Madison in 1847, where he owned a great amount of property, and made considerable improvements to the city.
Elected Governor of Wisconsin as a member of the Whig Party, Farwell served as governor from 1852 to 1854. On July 12, 1853, in one of his more notable actions as governor, he signed a law that abolished the death penalty in Wisconsin and replaced it with a penalty of life imprisonment. This made Wisconsin the first state to abolish the gallows.
In 1857 Farwell ran for alderman in Madison but lost by a close margin. Also that year, Farwell lost his land holdings due to the effects of the Panic of 1857. He served in the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1860.
From 1863 to 1870, Farwell worked in Washington, D.C. as principal examiner in the U.S. Patent Office. He was present at Ford's Theatre the day President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, and was the first person to inform then-Vice President Andrew Johnson of the assassination.
Son of James and Rebecca Cady Farwell, he married Frances A. Cross and they had Cornelia Louise, William Cross and Leonard Newton.
- "Chapter 6: Wisconsin Governors". Encyclopedia of Wisconsin. 200 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017 U.S.A.: Somerset Publishers. 1990. p. 94. ISBN 0-403-09907-1.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1860,' pg. 9
- Leonard J. Farwell, Dictionary of Wisconsin History, Wisconsin State Historical Society
- Leonard J. Farwell, Articles, Wisconsin State Historical Society
|Governor of Wisconsin
William A. Barstow