Leonard Plukenet (1641–1706) was an English botanist, Royal Professor of Botany and gardener to Queen Mary. Plukenet published Phytographia (London, 1691–1692) in four parts in which he described and illustrated rare exotic plants. It is a copiously illustrated work of more than 2 700 figures and is frequently cited in books and papers from the 17th century to the present. He collaborated with John Ray in the second volume of Historia Plantarum (London, 1686–1704).
Phytographia, sive stirpium illustriorum et minus cognitarum icones, tabulis aeneis summa diligentia elaboratae, quarum unaquaque titulis descriptoriis ex notis suis propriis et characteristicis desumtis insignita, ab aliis ejusdem sortis facile discriminantur, by Leonard Plukenet, London: 1769.
Codex Bentingiana, the catalog of the garden of Hans Willem Bentinck was a source for the Phytographia