Leonard Rose (hacker)

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Leonard Rose
Born 1959 (age 55–56)
Elkton, Maryland
Other names Terminus
Criminal penalty
12 month and 1 day prison sentence[1][2]
Conviction(s) (2) counts of wire fraud, stemming from publishing an article in Phrack Magazine. .[3]

Leonard Rose 1959 (age 55–56) In 1991 accepted a plea bargain that convicted him of (2) counts of wire fraud stemming from publishing an article in Phrack magazine.[3]

He wrote an article for Phrack Magazine explaining how trojan horses worked and excerpted 21-lines of the AT&T SVR3.2 "login.c" source code. This prompted both AT&T and the US Secret Service to raid his home and seize a moving truck full of computers, books, electronics and paperwork from his home office in Middletown, MD (Maryland, US.)

The two counts of wire fraud stemmed from him sending (2) pieces of email (the actual article containing excerpts of login.c to the publishers of Phrack Magazine (2) separate times as Craig Niedorf (then the current co-publisher of Phrack Magazine) as Craig Niedorf (aka Knight Lightning) had accidentally deleted the original mail.

Other counts in the original indictment were from writing a brute force password decryption program using a dictionary attack which the US Federal Govt. considered "burglary tools" and tried to approach that much like a burglar carrying something to break in to a physical residence during the commission of a crime.

During this period Len Rose (Leonard Rose) was also accused of being the "mastermind" of the Legion Of Doom. There were many newspaper articles referring to Leonard Rose (Len Rose) as being somehow involved with the LoD which was never the case. This can be confirmed by contacting actual members of the LoD.

John Gilmore, Mitch Kapor, John Barlow and many others came to Leonard Rose aid and helped pay for his defense. Mike Godwin was instrumental in coordinating Leonard Rose defense efforts until the capitulation and plea bargain.

The organization well known today (The Electronic Frontier Foundation) was founded on the cases of Terminus, Knight Lightning, Taran King, Steve Jackson Games and everyone else scooped up in "Operation Sundevil" which was only barely covered by Bruce Sterling's non-fiction book "The Hacker Crackdown".

A copy of the indictment is located here.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Henry Weinstein (23 Mar 1991). "Hacker Enters Guilty Plea in Theft of Computer Data". Business; PART-D; Financial Desk: Los Angeles Times. p. 2. Retrieved 9 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Rodney Hoffman (31 Mar 1991). "Correction Re: Terminus". RISKS Digest. Retrieved 9 May 2009. Under the plea agreements, ... Rose ... will serve a year in prison. 
  3. ^ a b Bruce Sterling (1993). The Hacker Crackdown — Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier (January 1994 ed.). Project Gutenberg. p. 336. ISBN 0-553-56370-X. 
  4. ^ Eduardo Krell (May 30, 1990). "Subject: "Legion of Doom" Indictment". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 

External links[edit]