Among his early works were portraits (Portrait of Bunin, portrait of actress Petrova) and genre paintings. But later he became an exclusively landscape painter. Many of his landscapes have animalist motifs; with emphasis on domestic animals: horses, cows, goats. Many of his works are inspired by the nature of the Ural Mountains, particular of the Maly Istok village near Yekaterinburg. Even after moving to Moscow he came there every spring. However, Turzhansky also rendered several beautiful landscapes of Russia's Capital, Moscow.
Turzhanovsky exhibited his works with Peredvizhniki and since 1912 became a member of the Union of Russian Artists. Artistically he was strongly connected with traditions of the 19th century Russian art but was one of the first among the Union of Russian Artists members who adopted many methods of impressionism.