Leonardo's Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms

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Leonardo's Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms
Leonardosmountain.jpg
Author Stephen Jay Gould
Genre Non-fiction, Science
Publisher Harmony Books
Publication date
September 29, 1998
Pages 422
ISBN 0-609-60141-5
OCLC 38438624
508 21
LC Class QH81 .G67323 1998
Preceded by Dinosaur in a Haystack
Followed by The Lying Stones of Marrakech

Leonardo's Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms (1998) is the eighth volume of collected essays by the Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould. The essays were culled from his monthly column "The View of Life" in Natural History magazine, to which Gould contributed for 27 years. The book deals, in typically discursive fashion, with themes familiar to Gould's writing: evolution and its teaching, science biography, probabilities and common sense.

Contents[edit]

  • Introduction
  • Pieces of Eight: Confession of a Humanistic Naturalist
    1. Art and Science
      1. The Upwardly Mobile Fossils of Leonardo's Living Earth
      2. The Great Western and the Fighting Temeraire
      3. Seeing Eye to Eye, Through a Glass Clearly
    2. Biographies in Evolution
      1. The Clam Stripped Bare by Her Naturalists, Even
      2. Darwin's American Soulmate: A Bird's-Eye View
      3. A Seahorse for All Races
      4. Mr. Sophia's Pony
    3. Human Prehistory
      1. Up Against a Wall
      2. A Lesson from the Old Masters
      3. Our Unusual Unity
    4. Of History and Toleration
    5. Evolutionary Facts and Theories
      1. Non-Overlapping Magisteria
      2. Boyle's Law and Darwin's Details
      3. The Tallest Tale
      4. Brotherhood by Inversion (or, As the Worm Turns)
    6. Different Perceptions of Common Truths
      1. War of the Worldviews
      2. Triumph of the Root-Heads
      3. Can We Truly Know Sloth and Rapacity?
      4. Reversing Established Orders
  • Bibliography
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index

From Publishers Weekly[edit]

As in his previous collections of essays from Natural History magazine (Dinosaur in a Haystack, 1996, etc.), here again Gould artfully transports readers through the complex and enchanting realms of the natural world. This time, though, he peers less at nature than at scientists' attempts to understand and explain its wonders. Ranging far and wide through the history of science, Gould's sketches in "humanistic natural history" examine the "grand false starts in the history of natural science"? for he contends that nothing is as "informative and instructive as a truly juicy mistake". In an essay on the Russian paleontologist Vladimir Kovalevsky, for example, Gould applauds his subject's meticulously detailed observations on the fossils of horses and his consequent development of an evolutionary history of the horse as an animal of European descent. Yet, Gould points out, Kovalevsky was mistaken, for horses had evolved in America and migrated to Europe. Another famous "mistake" Gould explores is Emmanuel Mendes da Costas's taxonomy of earth and stones according to Linnaeus's taxonomy of organic life. As usual, Gould proceeds to his conclusions by indirection; he opens his essay on Mendes da Costa, for instance, by disclosing how Linnaeus compared the shape and function of a clam to female sexual anatomy. Gould's elegant prose transmits the excitement and wide-eyed wonder of a scientist who never ceases to be amazed and amused at what he finds. 30 b&w illustrations.

Reviews[edit]