Leonidas, New Orleans

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Coordinates: 29°57′21″N 90°07′44″W / 29.95583°N 90.12889°W / 29.95583; -90.12889
Leonidas
New Orleans Neighborhood
PinStripeBandOakPoBoy07Parading2.jpg
Second lining down Oak Street during the Po-Boy Festival
Nickname: Pigeon Town
Country United States
State Louisiana
City New Orleans
Planning District District 3, Uptown/Carrollton
Elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Coordinates 29°57′21″N 90°07′44″W / 29.95583°N 90.12889°W / 29.95583; -90.12889
Area 1.05 sq mi (2.7 km2)
 - land 0.92 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.13 sq mi (0 km2), 12.38%
Population 3,288 (2010)
Density 3,131 / sq mi (1,209 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 504

Leonidas (also known as West Carrollton) is a neighborhood designation in the city of New Orleans. A subdistrict of the Uptown/Carrollton Area, its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are: South Claiborne Avenue, Leonidas and Fig Streets to the north, South Carrollton Avenue to the east, the Mississippi River and Jefferson Parish to the west.

The designated neighborhood incorporates the upper-river half of what had been the town of Carrollton, Louisiana in the 19th century. It is commonly known to locals simply as "Carrollton, or to distinguish this section, "Upper Carrollton" or "West Carrollton".

The portion closer to the river is often called the "Riverbend" or "Carrollton Riverbend." The section closer to the Jefferson Parish line is sometimes known as "Pigeon Town".

Leonidas is a neighborhood in the city of New Orleans more commonly known to the locals as Pigeon Town. Today the area thrives on its commercial businesses but it also includes a large residential community. The formal name for the neighborhood, Leonidas, came from the famous Spartan King of 490 B.C. The name also is connected with the street that intersects through the neighborhood, Leonidas Street. The informal name, Pigeon Town, has been passed down for generations. The name has its roots in the word, pidgin.[1] It is defined as a simplified speech used for communication between people with different languages.[2]

Landmarks in the neighborhood include the Camellia Grill, Carrollton Streetcar Barn, Palmer Park, the Water Works, and the Oak Street commercial district including the well known Maple Leaf Bar.[3]

"Pegion Town Food Market" Leonidas Street

History[edit]

The Leonidas neighborhood area has history dating all the way back to the 1700s. Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, a French colonizer and the founder of the city of New Orleans, began a plantation in the area circa 1719.[3] The land went on to remain a plantation for different types of agriculture well into the 1800s. The area was then bought by the New Orleans Canal and Banking Company and was divided into sections. In 1835, the first house was built and soon emerged a new neighborhood of the city of New Orleans.[3] The Leonidas neighborhood is a part of a bigger whole called the town of Carrollton. In the 1850s, Dublin was the main street of the town of Carrollton. Fast forward almost a century and a half later in 1980, the town of Carrollton along with the Leonidas neighborhood was purchased and divided the city into 13 districts and 72 neighborhoods by the New Orleans City Planning Commission.[4]

Geography[edit]

Leonidas is located at 29°57′21″N 90°07′44″W / 29.95583°N 90.12889°W / 29.95583; -90.12889 [5] and has an elevation of 0 feet (0.0 m).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the district has a total area of 1.05 square miles (2.7 km2). 0.92 square miles (2.4 km2) of which is land and 0.13 square miles (0.3 km2) (12.38%) of which is water.

Adjacent Neighborhoods[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

The City Planning Commission defines the boundaries of Leonidas as these streets: South Claiborne Avenue, Leonidas Street, Fig Street, South Carrollton Avenue, the Mississippi River and Jefferson Parish.[3] A subdistrict of the Uptown/Carrollton Area, its boundaries as defined by the City Planning Commission are:[3] South Claiborne Avenue, Leonidas and Fig Streets to the north, South Carrollton Avenue to the east, The Mississippi River and Jefferson Parish to the west. The designated neighborhood incorporates the upper-river half of what had been the town of Carrollton. The portion closer to the river is often called the "Riverbend." The section closer to the Jefferson Parish line is sometimes known as "Pigeon Town." [3]

Recent Development[edit]

A part of the Uptown/Carrollton area that escaped serious Katrina-related damage, the Oak Street commercial corridor is staging a comeback from problems that had begun to accumulate well before 2005. Numerous changes in public perceptions, crimes and city services

“Six months of major street repair and utility construction created new pedestrian-friendly amenities along a half mile of Oak Street…”[7] This project was to rebuild the roadways and make it a friendlier and safe way for people to walk to places. Leonidas is mainly a place for walking. Driving around, you could miss all the exciting and amazing events that go on. The project also includes the fixing of major water lines, drainpipes and sewer lines. As of today more and more people are driving places, this recreation promotes the using of non-motorized vehicles to make New Orleans an eco-friendlier environment.

Pigeon Town used to be known as an area of the bullets and the drugs and the fear. There were numerous killings and gunfire reported from the neighborhood. For instance, on the article reported by Walt Philbin about how a man was shot to death and three people wounded in an incident close to the murder scene. The article also mentioned numerous bullet casings had occurred in the surrounding areas in the neighborhood Perhaps the greatest concern of each individual's life in New Orleans city is still about an increasing street crimes and break-in offenses. Project NOLA is an anti-crime nonprofit organization developed to help keep people in New Orleans area safe by providing public awareness of all dangerous situations happening within the community. The neighborhood OF Leonidas in New Orleans is part of a major crime-fighting initiative thanks to several generous donations. The neighborhood have had dozens of HD crime cameras installed.[8]

Landmarks[edit]

There are a lot of historical landmarks in Leonidas. Many of which have been restored since the destruction due to the hurricane. One of which is the street Leonidas itself. Leonidas Street is said to be the longest street in Louisiana. One beautiful landmark is the Palmer Park.

Palmer Park[edit]

Center part of Palmer Park

Palmer Park is located at the corner of S. Carrollton Ave. and S. Claiborne Ave. It is a historical landmark, part of the Carrollton Historic District. The park provides space for concerts, home tours, festivals, and filming. The park is more children friendly after the construction of brand-new jungle gym, rock climbing wall, swings, and slides. Each month, usually on the last Saturday of the month, the park holds an event called the Palmer Park Art Market. It is a food, arts, and craft event that showcases local craftsmen, artisans, and provides famous New Orleans food.

Playground in Palmer Park

[9]

Education[edit]

Leonidas does not offer as many school choices as does other neighborhoods. There were formerly four main schools in Leonidas. One of the four, Audubon Charter School, has closed down and moved to another spot. The three schools currently located in Leonidas are St. Andrew’s Episcopal School, St. Joan of Arc Roman Catholic School, and James H. Bright / J. W. Johnson Elementary. Most of the schools around this neighborhood have closed for different reasons. Even now there are new schools and forms of education being rebuilt in Leonidas

St. Andrew’s Episcopal School[edit]

St. Andrew’s Episcopal School is located right out of the Leonidas dividing lines near Oak St. and S. Carrollton Ave. St Andrews Episcopal School PreK through Eighth Grade 5048613743. N.p., n.d. Web:[1] St. Andrew’s offer classes from Pre-Kindergarten to Middle School 8th grade. After, they help students in high school placement. Students have been accepted into De La Salle High School, Benjamin Franklin High School, Academy of Sacred Heart, Isidore Newman School, NOCCA, St. Mary’s Dominican High School, and many more.

St. Joan of Arc Roman Catholic School[edit]

James H. Bright/J. W. Johnson Elementary[edit]

Politics[edit]

The Leonidas neighborhood is a part of District A in New Orleans.[10] This district consists of seven wards including the Leonidas neighborhood.[11] The representative for this neighborhood on a city level is the Democratic Susan Guidry.[12] She was elected in 2010 and then re-elected for a second term in 2014 against her four competitors.[12] The issues that she focused on in her race include criminal justice committee chair, economic development and quality of life, and Maple Street bars and businesses. All these issues are important to the Leonidas neighborhood because crime and violence are a big issue in the Leonidas neighborhood. Guidry wants to make the neighborhood safer by eliminating the problem from the source and creating a stronger force to keep the problems from reoccurring.[12] The House representative for the Louisiana House is Democratic Neil Abramson who was elected in 2007.[13] His term focuses on human trafficking and hurricane recovery.[13] The Louisiana Senate Representative is Republican Conrad Appel who has been in office since 2008.[13] His focus for his term consists of trade based economic development and development in higher education.[13] The representatives for the neighborhood on the national level include Steve Scalise for US Congress and Mary Landrieu and David Vitter for US Senator.[13] Scalise, Republican, has been in office since 2008.[13] His main focuses of his term include JOBS Act and healthcare. Landrieu, Democratic, has been in the US Senate office since 1997.[13] Her focus in her term deals with energy, natural resources, and the Fair Act.[13] She has also held three other political positions other than the two she holds now.[13] Vitter, Republican, has been in office since 2005.[13] His focuses of his term includes Obamacare, hurricane preparedness, environment and public awareness, and border security.[13] The polling place for the Leonidas neighborhood is Audubon Charter which is located 719 S Carrollton Ave. On elections held on Tuesday, Audubon Charter is open from 6am to 8pm. When election are held on Saturday, it is open from 7am to 8pm. In order to vote registration and an ID with a signature is needed. Voters of the Leonidas neighborhood can register at the City Hall which is located at 1300 Perdido Street, Room #1W23 or 225 Morgan Street, Room #105.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Demographics chart The Leonidas neighborhood takes up about 1.054 miles in the Uptown area of New Orleans.[15] According to the data center that population of the Leonidas neighborhood in 2000 was 8,953. This population decreased in 2010 to 6,769. The drastic population decreased because of Hurricane Katarina.[16]

The demographics of the neighborhood have changed over a ten year span. Some of these aspects include occupancy and income. In the year of 2000 vacancy was 12% but after the census in 2010 it increased to 25.9%.[16] Income was also affected because of public assistance and average income. People who depended on public assistance income to pay their bills was 6.8% in 2000 and decreased to 0.1% in 2010.[16] This decrease probably occurred from the city having to more funds in rebuilding the city, therefore public assistance funds became scarcer. The average income of the citizens in the Leonidas neighborhood was $44,119 in 2000 and increased to $51,216 in 2010.[16]

Other aspects that were affected demographically over time include population in aspects of race and age. Over the ten year span the population of whites increased 20.6% to 30.7%.[16] On the other hand the population of blacks decreased from 75.5% to 62%.[16] Even though the population of blacks in the neighborhood is decreasing the percentages show that there are mostly blacks. The ages of the residents in this neighborhood stayed constant between the two censuses. The only drastic change consisted of the age range from 50-64 changed from 14.5% to 20.7%.[16]

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,953 people, 3,633 households, and 2,051 families residing in the neighborhood.[17] The population density was 9,731 /mi² (3,730 /km²).

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,769 people, 3,001 households, and 1,484 families residing in the neighborhood.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edward Branley. "History of the Pigeon Town in New Orleans". Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster. "Pidgin". Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. "Leonidas Neighborhood". Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  4. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g60864-s204/New-Orleans:Louisiana:Neighborhoods.html%7Ctitle=New Orleans: Neighborhoods|author=Trip Advisor|accessdate=2014-04-12}}
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "It's a Better Day in the Neighborhood." - New Orleans Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. <http://www.myneworleans.com/New-Orleans-Magazine/March-2010/It-039s-a-better-day-in-the-Neighborhood/>.
  8. ^ "ProjectNOLA Non-Profit Crime Camera System." ProjectNOLA Non-Profit Crime Camera System. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014. <http://www.projectnola.com/home/projectnola-crime-camera-system>.
  9. ^ "The City of New Orleans." Parks and Parkways. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.nola.gov/parks-and-parkways/parks-squares/palmer-park/>
  10. ^ “Districts&Maps” New Orleans City Council. http://www.nolacitycouncil.com/privacy.asp“Leonidas Statistical Area” Copyright 2014 http://www.datacenterresearch.org/data-resources/neighborhood-data/district-3/Leonidas/ 1 April 2014.
  11. ^ “Districts&Maps” New Orleans City Council. http://www.nolacitycouncil.com/privacy.asp “Leonidas Statistical Area” Copyright 2014 http://www.datacenterresearch.org/data-resources/neighborhood-data/district-3/Leonidas/ 1 April 2014.
  12. ^ a b c “Susan Guidry” Copyright 2014. http://wiki.nolamessenger.com/index.php?title=Susan_Guidry 28 March 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k “Your Louisiana and US Legislators” http://www.legis.la.gov/legis/FindMyLegislators.aspx 31 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Louisiana Department of State"https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/Default.aspx 21 April 2014.
  15. ^ “West Carrollton (Leonidas) neighborhood in New Orleans, Louisiana (LA), 70118 detailed profile” Copyright 2011 http://www.city-data.com/neighborhood/West-Carrollton-New-Orleans-LA.html 28 March 2014.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g “Leonidas Statistical Area” Copyright 2014 http://www.datacenterresearch.org/data-resources/neighborhood-data/district-3/Leonidas/ 1 April 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Leonidas Neighborhood". Greater New Orleans Community Data Center. Retrieved 6 January 2012.