|Founders||Douglas W. Clayton|
|Headquarters||Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Port-au-Prince, Haiti|
|Key people||Douglas W. Clayton
|Products||Private equity funds, Growth capital, Venture capital|
Leopard Capital LP is a private equity fund manager specializing in frontier market investments. The Group is considered a pioneer investor in Southeast Asia’s Greater Mekong Subregion and the Caribbean.
Structure and key personnel
Leopard Capital is a Cayman domiciled frontier market investment group established in 2007 by current CEO and founder Douglas Clayton. Clayton also recruited various renowned investors such as Dr. Marc Faber and Dr. Jim Walker to serve as directors and shareholders.
Leopard Capital creates private equity funds targeting pre-emerging, post-conflict or post-disaster economies that are undergoing transition and are poised for rapid growth. The funds invest commercially in basic industries, targeting attractive financial and social returns. Leopard Capital invests through a variety of financial instruments including equity, mezzanine, and debt.
Activities by country
During the 2008-9 financial crisis, Leopard raised $34.1 million for the Leopard Cambodia Fund, Cambodia's first private equity fund. The fund has since made thirteen investments in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand within various sectors including mobile telecoms, hydropower, electric transmission lines, banking, microfinance, beer and water production, seafood processing, agriculture, housing development and professional services.
Since its launch, Leopard Cambodia has exited five investments. In January 2011, Leopard Capital fully exited its investment in Cambodia's then largest mobile telecommunications operator, CamGSM. The deal structure included a $5 million secured bridge loan. The transaction was awarded Telecomfinance's "2009 Asia Deal of the Year". The internal rate of return (IRR) for this investment was 26%. In May 2013, Leopard Cambodia profitably exited its full investment in Kulara Water, producers of Cambodia's first local mineral water, and also partially exited its investment in ACLEDA Bank at an attractive return.
Leopard Capital also participated in the initial public offering (IPO) of Electricite du Laos Generating Co. (EDL-Gen), the first listed company on the Lao Securities Exchange. The investment realized a partial exit through secondary trading on the Lao Securities Exchange, earning a 60% gain within a short period of time. Leopard Capital also participated in the first IPO on the Cambodia Securities Exchange by investing in the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority.
Leopard Cambodia Fund investment portfolio
- Kingdom Breweries - Cambodia's first micro-brewery, producing high-end beer in Phnom Penh.
- Tropical Beverage Co. - Thailand-based producer of Phuket Beer.
- Greenside Holdings - Rural power transmission and distribution system in Kampong Cham Province.
- Intean Poalroath Rongroeurng (IPR) - Cambodian agricultural microfinance institution providing credit to rice farmers.
- Engage Resources - Thailand-based developer and producer of kenaf.
- Angkor Residences - downtown land in Siem Reap, near Angkor Wat.
- ACLEDA Bank (partially exited) - Cambodia's leading bank with 232 branches nationwide and approximately 7,000 employees. The bank maintains a rural focus and has branches in Laos and Myanmar.
- Electricite du Laos Generating Co. (EDL-Gen) (partially exited) - Publicly traded operator of seven hydropower dams in Laos, totaling 387 MW.
- CamGSM (exited) - Cambodia's second largest mobile telecommunications network and leading internet services provider. Fully exited in January 2011 with IRR of 26%.
- Kulara Water (exited) - Cambodia's first local mineral water, bottled at the source in Siem Reap Province. Fully exited in May 2013.
- Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (PPWSA) (exited) - Municipal water provider in Phnom Penh and the first listed company on the Cambodia Securities Exchange (CSX). Full exit through secondary trading, with 42% gain in short period.
In 2012, Leopard's Capital's latest project, Leopard Haiti Fund, received a commitment of $8.5 million from the International Finance Corporation - the investment arm of The World Bank, $8.5 million from the Netherlands Development Finance Company, and $3 million from the Inter-American Development Bank's Multilateral Investment Fund, closing the initial round of funding with $20 million.
Leopard has an investment team on the ground in Port-au-Prince, and aims to raise up to $75 million to invest in four priority sectors: affordable housing, renewable energy, food processing and hotels.
In May 2013, Leopard Haiti made its first investment by providing equity financing to dloHaiti, a water kiosk venture that aims to provide safe, affordable drinking water to underserved neighborhoods across Haiti. dloHaiti’s water will exceed WHO health standards and be priced at a 25%-40% discount to other water sources.
Leopard Capital was named "Frontier Markets Investment Manager of the Year" in the 2013 Acquisition International M&A Awards. The firm was also named "Private Equity House of the Year - Cambodia" in both the 2012 and 2013 awards, "Fund of the Year - Cambodia", and "Boutique Private Equity House of the Year - Haiti".
A syndicated bridge loan to CamGSM in which Leopard Capital participated was named by TelecomFinance as “Asia Deal of the Year” for 2011.
- "Capital Markets: Company Overview of Leopard Capital LP". Bloomberg Businessweek. May 16, 2012.
- "Looking for Opportunity Where Few Others Invest". New York Times. December 26, 2012.
- "Funds Put Frontier Lands on Map". Financial Times. May 20, 2012.
- "TelecomFinance Awards Winners". Telecomfinance. May 17, 2012.
- "Leopard Haiti - Summary of Proposed Investment". International Finance Corporation. May 20, 2012.
- "Introduction to dlo Haiti". Vimeo. November 4, 2013.
- "Leopard Bangladesh - Summary of Proposed Investment". International Finance Corporation. November 26, 2012.
- "Leopard named Private Equity Firm of the Year". Economists Incorporated.
- "Leopard Capital: Private Equity in Cambodia". Stanford Graduate School of Business.
- Rabin, Keith (June 20, 2011). "Realizing Cambodia's Investment Potential". Safehaven. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Thomas II, Tracy R. "An Interview with Douglas Clayton, CEO, Leopard Capital". Thunderbird School of Global Management. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Ghosh, Palash R. "Interview: Douglas Clayton on investing in the frontier markets". Retrieved 7 June 2012.