Members would dress in leopard skins, waylaying travelers with sharp claw-like weapons in the form of leopards' claws and teeth. The victims' flesh would be cut from their bodies and distributed to members of the society. In theory, the ritual cannibalism would strengthen both members of the society as well as their entire tribe.
Encounters with what is believed to be members of The Leopard Society are described in the book Travels in the White Man's Grave: Memoirs from West and Central Africa, by Donald MacIntosh. The author challenges the idea of the society as extinct, and provides first person stories of strange encounters. The author lived in several West African countries from the 1950s to the 1980s.