Leopold Auerbach

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Leopold Auerbach (1828-1897)

Leopold Auerbach (27 April 1828 – 30 September 1897) was a German anatomist and neuropathologist born in Breslau.

Education and career[edit]

Auerbach studied medicine at the Universities of Breslau, Berlin and the Leipzig. He became a physician in 1849, obtained his habilitation in 1863. From 1872 he was an associate professor of neuropathology at the University of Breslau.


Auerbach was among the first physicians to diagnose the nervous system using histological staining methods. He published a number of papers on neuropathological problems and muscle-related disorders.

He is credited with the discovery of Plexus myentericus Auerbachi, or Auerbach's plexus, a layer of ganglion cells that provide control of movements of the gastro-intestinal tract, also known as the "myenteric plexus".

"Friedreich–Auerbach disease" is named after Auerbach and pathologist Nikolaus Friedreich (1825-1882). It is a rare disease characterized by hemi-hypertrophy of the facial features, tongue and tonsils.[1]


Auerbach died in Breslau. His son Felix Auerbach was a renowned physicist.


  • Leopold Auerbach (1923). Organologische Studien. Zur Charakteristik und Lebensgeschichte der Zellkerne, Volumes 1-2. Nabu Press. p. 296. ISBN 1294240250. 
  • Leopold Auerbach (1920). Das Jüdische Obligationenrecht Nach Den Quellen Und Mit Besonderer Berücksichtigung Des Römischen Und Deutschen Rechts. Die Natur Der Obligation. Nabu Press. p. 662. ISBN 1148925120. 
  • Leopold Auerbach. Denkwürdigkeiten des Geh. Regierungsrathes und Polizeidirectors Dr. Stieber. Aus seinen hinterlassenen Papieren. Nabu Press. p. 334. ISBN 1293488100. 
  • Leopold Auerbach (Jan 1, 1890). Das Judenthum und seine Bekenner in Preussen und in den anderen deutschen Bundesstaaten. University of Michigan Library. p. 516. ISBN 1293488100. 
  • Leopold Auerbach (1870). Das Jüdische Obligationenrecht V1: Umriss der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Jüdischen Rechts. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. p. 646. ISBN 1167725093. 

See also[edit]