|Born||28 August 1909
Lwów, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
|Died||12 May 1946 (aged 36)
|Occupation||Sewer inspector, burglar|
Leopold Socha (August 18, 1909 – May 12, 1946) was a Polish sewage inspector in the city of Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine). During the Holocaust Socha used his knowledge of the city's sewage system to shelter a group of Jews from Nazi Germans and their supporters of different nationalities. In 1978 he was recognized by the State of Israel as Righteous Among the Nations.
Socha lived in a poor neighborhood of Lwow and worked for the municipal sanitation department and secretly as a burglar thief. In 1943, he began hiding twenty Jewish refugees in sewage canals. The Jews had fled their ghetto through their floorboards to evade Nazi capture.
Initially the Jews paid their benefactors, but eventually ran out of money. Socha, his wife Magdalena, and a co-worker named Stefan Wróblewski continued feeding and sheltering the refugees with their own resources. They aided the group for fourteen months, the duration of the war. Ten of the twenty Jewish refugees survived.
In 1946 Socha and his daughter were riding their bicycles when a Soviet military truck came careening toward them. He steered his bicycle in her direction to knock her out of the way, saving her but dying in the process. After his death the Jewish people Socha had sheltered returned to pay their respects.
Survivor Kristine Keren recounted her time as a child in the sewers being aided by Socha to the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education.
- Weszła do kanałów tłumacząc książkę o Żydach ze Lwowa | Gazeta Wyborcza (Polish)
- "Rescue in the Sewers: Leopold & Magdalena Socha". Yad Vashem. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "The amazing story of survival in the sewers of Lvov". Aish. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "Socha Leopold - Polscy Sprawiedliwi - Przywracanie Pamięci". Sprawiedliwi.org.pl. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "Holocaust Survivor Kristine Keren Testimony".
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