Leopold de Rothschild

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Leopold de Rothschild
Leopold de Rothschild, Vanity Fair, 1884-12-13.jpg
Born 22 November 1845
Died 29 May 1917
Nationality English
Education King's College School
Trinity College, Cambridge
Occupation Banker
Thoroughbred breeder
Religion Jewish
Spouse(s) Marie Perugia
Children Lionel Nathan de Rothschild
Evelyn Achille de Rothschild
Anthony Gustav de Rothschild
Parents Lionel de Rothschild
Charlotte von Rothschild
Relatives Mayer Amschel de Rothschild (uncle)

Leopold de Rothschild CVO (22 November 1845 – 29 May 1917) was a British banker, thoroughbred race horse breeder, and a member of the prominent Rothschild family.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Leopold de Rothschild was born on 22 November 1845. He was the third son and youngest of the five children of Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879) and Charlotte von Rothschild (1819–1884). He was educated at King's College School then went on to Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

Banking career[edit]

He entered N M Rothschild & Sons in London, the family's banking business. On the passing of his uncle Baron Mayer de Rothschild in 1874, he became head of the family's banking business in London and took over most of his uncle's public offices.[2] He also inherited Ascott House in Ascott, Buckinghamshire.

Public service[edit]

He was a DL and JP for the county of Buckinghamshire.[3] He was made a commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1905, and was President of the British Order of Mercy, which was awarded his wife in 1911.[3] He was also active in the Anglo-Jewish community, serving as vice-president of the Anglo-Jewish Association, chairman of the Jewish Emigration Society, and a treasurer of the London Jewish Board of Deputies.

Thoroughbred breeding[edit]

An avid sportsman, he established Southcourt Stud in Southcote, Bedfordshire. He assembled a stable of some of the best thoroughbreds in Europe, his horses winning a number of prestigious races including the Epsom Derby, St. Leger Stakes and the 2,000 Guineas.

Personal life[edit]

In 1881, he married Marie Perugia (1862–1937). She was the daughter of the Trieste merchant Achille Perugia. Her sister Louise married Arthur Sassoon. A close friend, H.R.H. Edward, Prince of Wales attended the wedding at London's Central Synagogue. The marriage produced three sons:

They resided at Gunnersbury Park, an estate that at one time had been the residence of Princess Amelia, daughter of George II. The mansion today houses the Gunnersbury Park Museum. An art collector, he owned a number of important paintings by artists such as Jan Davidszoon de Heem.

In 1912, William Tebbit attempted to assassinate him, firing five shots from a revolver at his vehicle and riddling it with bullets.[4]

On his passing, on 29 May 1917, he was interred in the family plot in the Willesden Jewish Cemetery in the North London suburb of Willesden.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rothschild, Leopold Lionel (RTST862LL)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Rothschild, Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. 
  3. ^ a b Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed and Official Clases, 1913. Kelly's. p. 1488. 
  4. ^ "The House of Rothschild: The world's banker, 1849-1999", Niall Ferguson. Penguin, 2000. ISBN 0-14-028662-4, ISBN 978-0-14-028662-5