Leopoldshöhe

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Leopoldshöhe
Coat of arms of Leopoldshöhe
Coat of arms
Leopoldshöhe   is located in Germany
Leopoldshöhe
Leopoldshöhe
Coordinates: 52°01′00″N 08°41′29″E / 52.01667°N 8.69139°E / 52.01667; 8.69139Coordinates: 52°01′00″N 08°41′29″E / 52.01667°N 8.69139°E / 52.01667; 8.69139
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Detmold
District Lippe
Government
 • Mayor Gerhard Schemmel (SPD)
Area
 • Total 36.94 km2 (14.26 sq mi)
Elevation 113 m (371 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 16,037
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 33818
Dialling codes 05208
Vehicle registration LIP
Website www.leopoldshoehe.de

Leopoldshöhe is a municipality in the Lippe district of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with c. 16,000 inhabitants.

Located in the rolling plains north of the Teutoburger Wald range, Leopoldshöhe consists of eight formerly independent municipalities: Asemissen, Bechterdissen and Greste to the south, Leopoldshöhe proper, Krentrup and Schuckenbaum at the center, and Nienhagen and Bexterhagen to the north. Both Asemissen and Leopoldshöhe proper have a pronounced infrastructure (supermarkets, gas stations, specialized shops, etc.).

Located only 10 km from the city of Bielefeld, the southern and central parts of the municipality today have a mostly suburban feel to them, but also contain several industrial zones, whereas the north is still mainly rural.

Asemissen is only a few hundred meters away from the A2 autobahn motorway, and (with the Oerlinghausen railway station) is on the railway line from Bielefeld to Detmold and Lemgo. A bus service connects almost all villages to the railway station.

History[edit]

Local proper names still existing today - particularly of the village of Krentrup - indicate settlements in the area well before 800 AD. The estate of Niederbarkhausen, at the border between Asemissen and Oerlinghausen, is mentioned in the oldest surviving document about the area, which dates from 1036 AD. In 1616, a total of 55 farms and estates is counted in the area of today's municipality.

Since this large rural area was rather sparsely populated, there was no church and people had to walk to other communities to attend service, until, in 1850, a church was built exactly in the middle between the neighboring churches of Oerlinghausen and Schötmar. Leopold II, Prince of Lippe, attended the consecration and named the budding village around the church after himself. Today, Leopoldshöhe proper is the only one of the eight constituent villages to have a centralized structure with church, market square, etc.

References[edit]

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