|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|• Raion President||Efrosinia Greţu (PLDM), since 2011|
|• Total||775 km2 (299 sq mi)|
|• Water||16.0 km2 (6.2 sq mi) 2.06%|
|• Density||69.2/km2 (179/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 63|
Leova is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the central part of Moldova, bordering Romania, with the administrative center at Leova. The other major city is Leova. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 53,800.
Localities with the oldest documentary attestation of the district are: Tigheci, Tochile Raducani, Leova, they are first attested in the years 1436-1489 period. In the 16th and 17th centuries, most of all to develop trade, agriculture and there is a significant population increase. During this period the Tirgul Sarata (Leova today), is developing intensively. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812–1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918–1940, 1941–1944), the district is part of the Lapusna County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Lapusna County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Leova district is located in the southwest part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: District Hincesti in north, east Gagauzia and Cimislia District, Cantemir District in southern and border state with Romania in west, on the river Prut. The relief is generally plain, but with altitudes above 250 m in the northern part of district (the southern extremity of Central Moldavian Plateau) in south elevations of 150–200 m (extreme north of Plateau Tigheci), and 20–100 m. the plains of Prut. Erosion processes with a medium intensity.
Typical European fauna, with the presence of such mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Of birds: partridges, crows, eagles, starling, swallow and more.
Forests occupy 13.0% of the district are complemented by tree species such as oak, ash, hornbeam, linden, maple, walnut and others. From plants: wormwood, denial, knotweed, fescue, nettle and many others.
- Births (2010): 672 (12.5 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 667 (12.4 per 1000)
- Growth Rate (2010): 5 (0.1 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||Population||% of total*|
- Christians - 97.9%
- Other - 1.4%
- No Religion - 0.5%
- Atheists - 0.2%
In the district are 11,859 total registered businesses. The share of agricultural land is 57,071 ha (73.6%) of total land area. The arable land occupies 37 925 ha (48.9%) of the total agricultural land, of which 1229 ha plantation of orchards (1.6%), vines 4718 ha (6.1%), pasture 11,617 ha (15.0%), some 1582 ha (2.0%).
In Leova district working 34 educational institutions, including: Total number of students, including 7833 children in schools, in preschool institutions in 2009 children, 280 polyvalent vocational schools students.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 57.2%
|2010||53.23% 12,151||35.79% 8,171|
|July 2009||53.42% 11,814||41.23% 9,120|
|April 2009||34.90% 7,715||48.20% 10,654|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||8,171||35.79||−5.44|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||6,561||28.74||+13.43|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||4,290||18,79||+4.54|
|European Action Movement||1,364||5.97||+5.97|
|Total (turnout 53.96%)||22,999||100.00||
The council of the Romanian Vaslui County, the county councils of the Moldovan Leova and Hînceşti districts, and the European Union (through the Phare program), have set up a program which seeks to promote tourism in these regions. The main tourist attractions of the Vaslui-Hînceşti-Leova touristic program are, among others, the medieval and early modern churches and monasteries, the Manuc Bei Hunting Palace and the Manuc - Mirzaian Manor Palace (similar to Manuc's Inn in Bucharest) in Hînceşti, as well as the region's natural riches.
- Trajan's Wall, who had started the course in the village of Filipeni, through Troita and follows the road to Cimislia. This monument dates back to the Trajan's Dacian Wars.
- The wooden church from Covurlui. This church is built of wood, was built in 1805, closed in 1959 and reopened in 1989.
- Monument of nature - tree secular. Oaks located in the city Leova, Street Gorghi 8, Hall Leova land owner. Tree has 214 years of age.
- Church dedicated St. Voievozi, s. Michael and Gabriel in Borogani. The old church was built in 1811 of wood.
- Vaslui-Turism.ro - Official tourism website from the Vaslui County Council
- Descrierea generală a raionului Leova
- District population per year
- Discuție:Raionul Leova
- Rezultatele alegerilor din 28 noiembrie 2010 în raionul Leova