Lepe

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For the village in Hampshire, England, see Lepe, Hampshire.
Lepe
Flag of Lepe
Flag
Official seal of Lepe
Seal
Lepe is located in Spain
Lepe
Lepe
Location in Spain.
Coordinates: 37°15′15″N 7°12′12″W / 37.25417°N 7.20333°W / 37.25417; -7.20333
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
Province Huelva
Comarca Costa Occidental
Government
 • Mayor Manuel Andrés González
Area
 • Total 129 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 18 m (59 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 25,886
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Demonym Leperos
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Lepe is a Spanish town in the province of Huelva, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is situated near the Portuguese border. According to the 2009 census, the city has a population of 25,886 inhabitants.

Economy[edit]

Until the late 1970s its economy was based on fishing but Lepe is now one of the wealthiest villages in the region thanks to its intensive farming of strawberries, which are exported all over Europe.

Lepe is known for its strawberries.[1]

History[edit]

Although deposits have been found of Neolithic and Bronze Age, there is not evidence of stable settlements in the municipality of Lepe. The influence of Tartessian people did not arrive to Lepe, except for a meager remains in the Tower of Catalan pointing to the silver trade. During the initial period of Roman rule, Lepe there was a rustics villas and fish farms at the present location of in Lepe and Valsequillo and El Terrón. The retreat of the coast caused the abandonment of the settlement of Valsequillo, while fishing by El Terrón has continued until today. It is during the heyday of Roman rule when it blooms Lepe settlement located in a small village, linked to farming their fields and fishing port of El Terron. Based on classical texts, several authors have identified the current location of Lepe settlements with Laipe Megala (Rodrigo Caro, 1634), Laepa (García y Bellido, 1947; G. Bonsor, JP and E. Garrido Orta, 1922) and Praesidium (Luzon, 1975). Of all these options is Laepa which has more support among historians, although as a small country villa rather than a village itself. It is after the second wave of Arab conquests when Lepe becomes the economic center of the area, growing from a small farmhouse to a "city about the Ocean Sea," as was described by the geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi later in the 1229. The name given during the period of Arab rule is Labb, which derives in the current name.

Several of Lepe’s former inhabitants played an important part in Christopher Columbus’s discovery of the Americas, as the sailor Rodrigo de Triana was the first to sight the coast of the Americas.

In the late 16th century, Marcos Alonzo Garza Y del Arcon Falcon left Lepe and settled in what is today the Mexican state of Durango, beginning a line of descendants, including Cpt. Blas Maria de la Garza Falcón, founder of the state of Nuevo León.

Main sights[edit]

In the village is the 14th-century Iglesia de Santo Domingo de Guzmán built in the Mudéjar style. It houses Lepe's patron saint, the Virgen de la Bella (Beautiful Virgin). Just outside the village, off the road to El Terrón, is the Ermita de Nuestra Señora de la Bella, a 14th-century hermitage dedicated to the Virgin. On the second Saturday in May there is a pilgrimage from Lepe to the hermitage, where the figure of the Virgen de la Bella is carried from the Iglesia de Santo Domingo to the Ermita.

Built under Philip II of Spain is the Torre del Catalán, a 16th-century lookout tower to warn of an impending invasion by Berber pirates. You can climb the tower for great views of a nature reserve, the Paraje Natural Marismas del Río Piedras y la Flecha del Rompido.

Lepe's main beach is La Antilla, 5 km south of Lepe. Located 5 km northeast of La Antilla and 5 km south of Lepe is the small fishing port of El Terrón. It has fine views across to El Rompido and the a nature reserve of the Marismas del Río Piedras. At El Terron is also the environmentally educational Aula Marina de El Terrón (El Terrón Marine Centre).

Lepe's wines, which were exported to England in the Middle Ages, were mentioned in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.[2]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]