Leptochloa

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sprangletops
Leptochloa digitata.jpg
Leptochloa digitata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Genus: Leptochloa
P.Beauv.[1]
Type species
Leptochloa virgata
(L.) P.Beauv.[2][3]
Synonyms[4]

Leptochloa is a widespread genus of Asian, African, Australian, and American plants in the grass family.[5][6]

Members of the genus are commonly known as sprangletops.[1][7]

The generic name is derived from the Greek words ληπτος (leptos), meaning "thin," and χλοα (chloa), meaning "grass," referring to the inflorescences.[8][9]

Species[4][10][11][12][13][14][15]
  1. Leptochloa aquatica Scribn. & Merr. - Mexico
  2. Leptochloa asthenes (Roem. & Schult.) C.E.Hubb. - Australia
  3. Leptochloa barbata (Desv.) Nicora - Paraguay, Argentina
  4. Leptochloa caudata (K.Schum.) N.W.Snow - East Africa
  5. Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees – Asian sprangletop, Chinese sprangletop - eastern + southeastern Asia, Indian Subcontinent, eastern + southern Africa
  6. Leptochloa chloridiformis (Hack.) Parodi – Argentine sprangletop - Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
  7. Leptochloa coerulescens Steud. - Africa
  8. Leptochloa decipiens (R.Br.) Stapf ex Maiden – Australian sprangletop - Australia
  9. Leptochloa digitata (R.Br.) Domin - Australia
  10. Leptochloa divaricatissima S.T.Blake - Australia
  11. Leptochloa ligulata Lazarides - Queensland
  12. Leptochloa longa Griseb. - Panama, Trinidad
  13. Leptochloa malayana (C.E.Hubb.) Jansen ex Veldkamp - Thailand, Borneo, Malaysia
  14. Leptochloa monticola Chase - Hispaniola
  15. Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth - south-central USA, Mesoamerica, Bermuda, Trinidad, Netherlands Antilles, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Galápagos
  16. Leptochloa nealleyi Vasey - Mexico, southern USA (Arizona, Texas, Louisiana)
  17. Leptochloa neesii (Thwaites) Benth. - Australia, Maluku, Java, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka
  18. Leptochloa panicea (Retz.) Ohwi – mucronate sprangletop - Americas incl West Indies; tropical + subtropical Asia; naturalised in Africa, Australia etc.
  19. Leptochloa panicoides (J.Presl) Hitchc. - central + southeastern USA, Mesoamerica, Colombia, Peru, Brazil
  20. Leptochloa scabra Nees - from Alabama to Paraguay
  21. Leptochloa simoniana N.Snow - New Guinea, Queensland
  22. Leptochloa southwoodii N.Snow & B.K.Simon - Queensland
  23. Leptochloa squarrosa Pilg. - Tanzania (incl. Pemba), Comoros, Madagascar
  24. Leptochloa srilankensis N.Snow - Sri Lanka
  25. Leptochloa tectoneticola (Backer) Jansen ex Veldkamp - Cambodia, Thailand, Java
  26. Leptochloa virgata (L.) P.Beauv. – tropic sprangletop - from South Carolina to Paraguay
  27. Leptochloa viscida (Scribn.) Beal - California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua


Formerly included[4]

see Arundinella Acrachne Bouteloua Chloris Coelachyrum Cynodon Desmostachya Dinebra Diplachne Disakisperma Eleusine Enteropogon Eragrostis Gouinia Gymnopogon Leptocarydion Myriostachya Pogonarthria Rostraria Trichoneura Trichloris Trigonochloa Tripogon

  1. Leptochloa acuminata - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
  2. Leptochloa albemarlensis - Trichoneura lindleyana
  3. Leptochloa appletonii - Coelachyrum yemenicum
  4. Leptochloa arabica - Dinebra retroflexa
  5. Leptochloa arenaria - Trichoneura mollis
  6. Leptochloa bipinnata - Desmostachya bipinnata
  7. Leptochloa brandegeei - Enteropogon brandegeei
  8. Leptochloa burchellii - Gymnopogon burchellii
  9. Leptochloa calycina - Dinebra retroflexa
  10. Leptochloa ciliata - Trichoneura ciliata
  11. Leptochloa contracta - Diplachne fusca
  12. Leptochloa coromandelina - Dinebra retroflexa
  13. Leptochloa crinita - Trichloris crinita
  14. Leptochloa cynosuroides - Chloris filiformis
  15. Leptochloa digitatiformis - Disakisperma dubium
  16. Leptochloa dubia - Disakisperma dubium
  17. Leptochloa eleusine - Disakisperma eleusine
  18. Leptochloa falcata - Pogonarthria squarrosa
  19. Leptochloa fascicularis - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
  20. Leptochloa fusca - Diplachne fusca
  21. Leptochloa gigantea - Diplachne gigantea
  22. Leptochloa ginae - Diplachne fusca
  23. Leptochloa gracilis - Trigonochloa uniflora
  24. Leptochloa grandiglumis - Trichoneura grandiglumis
  25. Leptochloa hirta - Bouteloua disticha
  26. Leptochloa hookeri - Trichoneura lindleyana
  27. Leptochloa imbricata - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
  28. Leptochloa laurentii - Trigonochloa uniflora
  29. Leptochloa lindleyana - Trichoneura lindleyana
  30. Leptochloa loliiformis - Tripogon loliiformis
  31. Leptochloa longiglumis - Trichoneura mollis
  32. Leptochloa malabarica - Diplachne fusca
  33. Leptochloa maritima - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
  34. Leptochloa marlothii - Pogonarthria squarrosa
  35. Leptochloa marquisensis - Dinebra marquisensis
  36. Leptochloa mexicana - Gouinia mexicana
  37. Leptochloa mollis - Trichoneura mollis
  38. Leptochloa monostachya - Enteropogon monostachyos
  39. Leptochloa muelleri - Diplachne fusca subsp. muelleri
  40. Leptochloa neuroglossa - Diplachne fusca
  41. Leptochloa obtusiflora Hochst. - Disakisperma obtusiflorum
  42. Leptochloa obtusiflora Steud. - Disakisperma dubium
  43. Leptochloa palmeri - Gouinia virgata
  44. Leptochloa panicoides Wight ex Steud. not (J.Presl) Hitchc. - Arundinella leptochloa
  45. Leptochloa parviflora - Diplachne fusca
  46. Leptochloa patens - Disakisperma dubium
  47. Leptochloa pectinata - Eleusine indica
  48. Leptochloa phleoidea - Rostraria cristata
  49. Leptochloa plectostachya - Cynodon plectostachyus
  50. Leptochloa plumosa - Leptocarydion vulpiastrum
  51. Leptochloa pluriflora - Trichloris pluriflora
  52. Leptochloa polygama - Gouinia virgata
  53. Leptochloa polystachya - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
  54. Leptochloa pringlei - Disakisperma dubium
  55. Leptochloa racemosa - Acrachne racemosa
  56. Leptochloa rigida - Eragrostis sessilispica
  57. Leptochloa rupestris - Trigonochloa rupestris
  58. Leptochloa schimperiana - Acrachne racemosa
  59. Leptochloa setacea - Tripogon leptophyllus
  60. Leptochloa spicata - Tripogon spicatus
  61. Leptochloa tracyi - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
  62. Leptochloa uniflora - Trigonochloa uniflora
  63. Leptochloa uninervia - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
  64. Leptochloa verticillata - Acrachne racemosa
  65. Leptochloa virletii - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
  66. Leptochloa wightiana - Myriostachya wightiana
  67. Leptochloa xerophila - Dinebra xerophila
  68. Leptochloa yemensis - Disakisperma obtusiflorum

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Leptochloa P. Beauv.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2011-02-27. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Niles & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. 24(6): 180 (1925)
  3. ^ Tropicos, Leptochloa P. Beauv.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 71 description in Latin, commentary in French
  6. ^ Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie plate XV (15), figure I (1 a-d) line drawings of Leptochloa virgata, identified in captions on page 10
  7. ^ Atlas of Living Australia, Leptochloa P.Beauv. Sprangletop
  8. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 1197. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5. 
  9. ^ Peterson, P. M., K. Romaschenko, N. W. Snow & G. Johnson. 2012. A molecular phylogeny and classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) sensu lato and related genera. Annals of Botany (Oxford), n.s. 109: 1317–1329
  10. ^ "Leptochloa". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  11. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Leptochloa". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  12. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 469 千金子属 qian jin zi shu Leptochloa P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 71. 1812.
  13. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 distribution maps
  14. ^ Costa e Silva, M. B. & J. Rodriguez M. 2007. Os gêneros Sporobolus e Leptochloa (Poaceae-Chloridoideae) em Pernambuco, Brasil. Rodriguésia 58(1): 147–157
  15. ^ Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 80. Leptochloa P. Beauv. 6: 260–261. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F..

External links[edit]

Data related to Leptochloa at Wikispecies Media related to Leptochloa at Wikimedia Commons