Leptospermum petersonii

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Leptospermum petersonii
Gardenology.org-IMG 2704 rbgs11jan.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Leptospermum
Binomial name
Leptospermum petersonii
Bailey

Leptospermum petersonii (or Leptospermum citratum), lemon-scented teatree is a tall shrub to small tree to 5 m which is cultivated as an ornamental and for essential oils. It naturally occurs near sclerophyll forest or rainforest, on sandy or rocky escarpements, on the east coast of Australia. It has simple leaves, 20-40 mm long, with a distinctive lemony aroma. The flowers are white, followed by woody capsules.

Uses[edit]

The leaves are distilled commercially for the essential oil which contains citronellal, citral, and pinene. It is grown in plantations in Kenya, Zaire, South Africa, Guatemala and Australia.

The leaf of lemon-scented teatree is also used as a flavouring ingredient in boutique tea blends with standard black tea, Camelia sinensis.

The essential oil from L.petersonii inhibits the pathological fungi Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

flowers

Lemon-scented teatree is well known as a garden plant, popular for its scent and attractiveness. It is fast growing and can be kept to shrub height by pruning. The ability to be pruned regularly also makes it well-suited for hedges, windbreaks and harvesting for distilled essential oils.[2]

Leptospermum liversidgei is also called "lemon-scented teatree" due to the presence of lemony essential oils.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hood JR, Burton DM, Wilkinson JM, Cavanagh HM., 2010, "The effect of Leptospermum petersonii essential oil on Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus." Medical Mycology Nov;48(7):922-31
  2. ^ Cribb, A.B. & J.W., Useful Wild Plants in Australia, Collins 1982, p29 ISBN 0-00-636397-0