Les Éboulements, Quebec

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Les Éboulements
Municipality
Les-Eboulements.JPG
Location within Charlevoix RCM.
Location within Charlevoix RCM.
Les Éboulements is located in Central Quebec
Les Éboulements
Les Éboulements
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 47°29′N 70°19′W / 47.483°N 70.317°W / 47.483; -70.317Coordinates: 47°29′N 70°19′W / 47.483°N 70.317°W / 47.483; -70.317[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM Charlevoix
Settled c. 1710
Constituted September 19, 2001
Government[2]
 • Mayor Bertrand Bouchard
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix—Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 156.60 km2 (60.46 sq mi)
 • Land 157.45 km2 (60.79 sq mi)
  There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
Elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,328
 • Density 8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 5.1%
 • Dwellings 879
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0A 2M0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 362
Website www.leseboulements.com
View of Les Éboulements in winter

Les Éboulements is a municipality in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada.

Its population centres include Les Éboulements (located along Route 362 on the plateau overlooking the Saint Lawrence River), Éboulements-Est (at the feet of Mount Éboulements), Cap-aux-Oies, Sainte-Marie-de-Charlevoix, and Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive (47°27′30″N 70°22′05″W / 47.45833°N 70.36806°W / 47.45833; -70.36806 on the shores of the Saint Lawrence facing Saint-Bernard-sur-Mer). Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive, formerly known as Les Éboulements-en-Bas and Quai-des-Éboulements, is the departure point for ferries to L'Isle-aux-Coudres.

The municipality is member of the Association of Most Beautiful Villages of Quebec due to its country heritage and to the beautiful architecture and character of its houses.

Geography[edit]

Les Éboulements is located in the centre of the Charlevoix crater. Mount Éboulements (Mont des Éboulements), in the eastern part of the municipality, is considered the central rebound of the earth's crust following moments after the meteor impact some 350 million years ago. This mountain, appearing on a map in 1837 by H. W. Bayfield as "Mt Eboulemens" [sic], has an altitude of 770 meters (2,530 ft).[4]

Rivers within the municipality include the Boudreault and Seigneur Rivers, both small tributaries of the Saint Lawrence River.

History[edit]

In February 1663, a strong earthquake shook the Charlevoix region and triggered a large landslide down the slopes that characterize the hills of the area to the Saint Lawrence coast. Among the many eyewitnesses that testified to the significance of the event, priest Lalement wrote: "near the Bay called St. Paul, there was a small mountain alongside the river, a quarter of a league in circumference, which was abyssed, and as if it had not done that dive, it came out of the bottom to change into an islet." Thereafter the area was known as les Éboulements (French for "the landslides").[1]

On April 1, 1683, the Éboulements Seignory was granted to Pierre Lessard by Governor La Barre and Intendant de Meulles, having an area of 1¼ league wide by 2 leagues deep. In 1710, the seignory was acquired by Pierre Tremblay who really began its development and granted concessions to settlers arriving at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1732, the parish was founded.[1][5][6]

In 1810, the seignory was sold to Pierre de Sales Laterrière. In 1845, the municipality was originally established as L'Assomption-de-Notre-Dame-des-Éboulements, but abolished two years later. In 1855, it was reestablished as L'Assomption-de-la-Sainte-Vierge, and in 1859, the seignorial system was abolished by the municipal council.[1][6]

In 1931, the Village Municipality of Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive was formed when it separated from the Municipality of L'Assomption-de-la-Sainte-Vierge. In 1956, the municipality was renamed to Les Éboulements. In 2001, Les Éboulements and Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive were merged and formed the new Municipality of Les Éboulements.[1]

On October 13, 1997, a bus travelling down the steep road to Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive failed to slow down and negotiate a turn, crashed through the barriers and plunged over 10 meters into a ravine. This accident killed 44 persons, making it the deadliest road accident in Canadian history.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[8]

  • Population in 2011: 1328 (2006 to 2011 population change: 5.1%)
  • Population in 2006: 1264
  • Population total in 2001: 1249
    • Les Éboulements (Municipality): 1027
    • Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive (Village): 222
  • Population in 1996:
    • Les Éboulements (Municipality): 1013
    • Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive (Village): 204
  • Population in 1991:
    • Les Éboulements (Municipality): 1013
    • Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive (Village): 225

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 538 (total dwellings: 879)

Mother tongue:

  • French as first language: 99.2%
  • English as first language: 0%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0.8%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Les Éboulements (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Les Éboulements
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Les Éboulements census profile
  4. ^ "Mont des Éboulements" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  5. ^ "Seigneurie des Éboulements" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  6. ^ a b "Historique" (in French). Municipalité des Éboulements. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  7. ^ "Disasters of the Century V; Death in a small town". History Television/CW Media Inc. Retrieved 2010-05-12. 
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census