The paper was established as a monthly publication under the name of Les Échos de l’Exportation by the brothers Robert and Émile Servan-Schreiber in 1880. It became a daily newspaper in 1908 and was renamed as Les Échos. The newspaper was bought by the British media group Pearson PLC in 1988, and was sold to the French luxury goods conglomerate LVMH in November 2007. The publisher of the paper is Groupe Les Échos.
Les Échos has a liberal stance and is published on weekdays. The paper is headquartered in Paris and has a website which was launched in 1996. The paper publishes economical analyses by leading economists, including Joseph Stiglitz and Kenneth Rogoff.
In 2010, the coverage of Les Échos was expanded to cover such topics as innovations in science, technologies, green growth, medicine and health and skills concerning marketing and advertising, management, education, strategy and leadership, law and finance. The former separate sections of IT and communications were merged under the section of high tech and media.
In 2013 the newspaper started a project called LesEchos360, a business news aggregation platform.