Les Avenières

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Les Avenières
Bridge across the Rhône at Les Avenières
Bridge across the Rhône at Les Avenières
Les Avenières is located in France
Les Avenières
Les Avenières
Coordinates: 45°38′08″N 5°33′45″E / 45.6355°N 5.5626°E / 45.6355; 5.5626Coordinates: 45°38′08″N 5°33′45″E / 45.6355°N 5.5626°E / 45.6355; 5.5626
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement La Tour-du-Pin
Canton Morestel
Intercommunality Pays des Couleurs
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Daniel Michoud
Area1 32 km2 (12 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 5,430
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38022 / 38630
Elevation 200–260 m (660–850 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Les Avenières is a French commune in the Isère department in the Rhône-Alpes region of south-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avenièrants or Avenièrantes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Les Avenières lies on the left bank of the Rhône as it loops north some 25 km east by north-east of Bourgoin-Jallieu and 25 km west by north-west of Chambéry. The Rhone river forms the north-eastern border of the commune and is also the border between Isère and Ain departments. Access to the commune is by road D450 from Veyrins-Thuellin in the south-west which goes to the village then continues south-east to Saint-Genix-sur-Guiers. The D33 goes from Morestel in the north-west and passes through the north of the commune and across the Rhône bridge where it becomes the D10 and goes north-east to join the D19. The D40B goes north from the village to join the D33. The D40E connects the D40 at the eastern edge of the commune to the D40B. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Le Chamolay, Curtille, Le Grand Chaffard, Le Maitre, Le Bessey, Le Sablonnet, and Les Nappes. The commune has a large forest in the north-east on the Île Molettes with a large urban area in the centre mixed with farmland, and in the south mixed forest and farmland.[2]

The north-western border of the commune consists entirely of a left branch of the Rhône river as it loops north on its course through Lyon south to the Mediterranean. The Grand Canal de l'Huert forms the south-western border of the commune which curves to join the Huert river which is part of the northern border of the commune. The Canal du Champ forms the southern border of the commune where it connects the Grand Canal de l'Huert to the Bièvre river which forms the south-eastern border of the commune flowing north-east to join the Rhône.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Avenières is derived from the Franco-Provençal avena meaning "oats".[3]

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

From the late Neolithic to the middle Bronze Age the region was inhabited by farmers.[4] A scythe found in Les Avenières region is preserved in the Vienne Museum. It is the only evidence of human occupation before the Gallo-Romans. It was found at the confluence of the Bièvre and the Rhône.

Roman Era[edit]

In 1989 maintenance work undertaken in the La Cour du Pont district led to the discovery of two oak piles at a depth of 2 metres. A Carbon-14 study undertaken by the centre for chronology at the Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 (CNRS) gave a date between 39 BC and 120 AD. It is possible that they were piles for a Gallo-Roman bridge used to cross the Rhone between Les Avenières and Thuellin.[5]

From the Middle Ages to modern times[6][edit]

  • In 1330 Aigline de Gerbais was married to Louis de Rivoire, knight, lord of Romagnieu, Domessin, la Bâtie-Montgascon, Villeneuve de Ciers (les Avenières), and Bruzolo en Piémont.
  • In 1496 notes and coins prove that Humbert of Baternay was deprived of the proceeds of the sale and transfer of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières by King Charles VIII.
  • In October 1496 Charles VIII issued Letters Patent ceding Dolomieu and Avenieres to Humbert of Bagternay.
  • On 22 January 1560 copies were made of letters agreed to by King Charles with René de Baternay on the subject of the lands of Ornacieux, Dolomieu, and Les Avenières.
  • On 8 October 1609 Gabrielle de Baternay, widow of Gaspard de la Chastre, sold the lands and lordships of Avenières and Brangues as well as the Barony of Bouchage to M. of Granieu and Dorgeoise.
  • In July 1523 letters from François I stated that the possession of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières was held by René de Baternay. An order from the King's Council showed that René de Baternay would be restored to possession of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières.
  • On 15 March 1642 there was a memoir and instructions on the subject of the proceedings of the King's Council regarding the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières.

20th Century[edit]

The station area around 1909: in the foreground the TDI station and at left l'Est de Lyon station.

At the beginning of the 20th century the town was served two secondary railways: the Chemin de fer de l'Est de Lyon to Lyon and Aosta, and the Tramways départementaux de l'Isère, which was taken over by Tramways de l'Ouest du Dauphiné, to La Tour-du-Pin. This last operated from 1909 to 1935.

Administration[edit]

View from the Chateau of Avenières

List of Successive Mayors[7]

Mayors from 1941
From To Name Party Position
1941 1944 André Liard
1944 1945 Eugène Satonnet
1945 1947 Jean Bourde
1947 1965 Emile Richerd
1965 1980 Jean Bedet
1980 1989 Marius Louis Monnet
1989 1993 Roger Gagneux
1993 1995 Aimé Chaboud
1995 2001 Emile Vasquez
2001 2014 Gilbert Mergoud
2014 2020 Daniel Michoud

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 5,430 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,234 2,321 2,911 3,283 3,428 3,681 3,863 4,037 4,256
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
4,367 4,106 4,200 4,002 4,133 4,205 4,013 4,113 3,932
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
4,015 3,945 3,776 3,321 3,282 3,221 3,133 3,008 2,986
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
3,117 3,181 3,402 3,495 3,933 4,308 4,636 5,430 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Les Avenières

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Chateau Bertaudières
  • The Chateau Cerisier
  • The Chateau Eau-Morte
  • The André Moiroud Stadium (formerly Epinettes Stadium), owned by the HOC
  • The Walibi Rhône-Alpes Amusement Park

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Buvin
  • The Church of Buvin. The Church contains a Bronze Bell (1661)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[8]

Environmental heritage[edit]

  • The Aluvial area of Rhône du Pont de Groslée at Murs-et-Gélignieux
  • The Huert river and wetland
  • The Corangle wetland
  • The Corneille wetland and lake

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aimé Bocquet, The problem of palafittic occupation in the north of lower Dauphiné. From the late Neolithic to the middle Bronze Ages, Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, Vol. 64, No. 2, 1967, pp. 501–516 (French)
  • Ulysse Robert, General catalogue of manuscripts in the public libraries of France: Departments, Plon, Nourrit & cie (Paris), 1903, Vol. 41 (French)
  • N2007-RA-0098, Bleu Stéphane, 2007, Gallia, adlfi website (French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Isère (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Jean-Claude Bouvier, Place names of Dauphiné, Éditions Bonneton, ISBN 9782862531854 (French)
  4. ^ The problem of palafittic occupation of the north of lower Dauphiné. From the late Neolithic to Middle Bronze Ages (French)
  5. ^ N2007-RA-0098
  6. ^ General catalogue of manuscripts in public libraries in France: Departments, 1903, Vol. LXI (French)
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM38000011 Bronze bell (French)