Bridge across the Rhône at Les Avenières
|Intercommunality||Pays des Couleurs|
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Daniel Michoud|
|Area1||32 km2 (12 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||38022 / 38630|
|Elevation||200–260 m (660–850 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avenièrants or Avenièrantes.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Culture and heritage
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
Les Avenières lies on the left bank of the Rhône as it loops north some 25 km east by north-east of Bourgoin-Jallieu and 25 km west by north-west of Chambéry. The Rhone river forms the north-eastern border of the commune and is also the border between Isère and Ain departments. Access to the commune is by road D450 from Veyrins-Thuellin in the south-west which goes to the village then continues south-east to Saint-Genix-sur-Guiers. The D33 goes from Morestel in the north-west and passes through the north of the commune and across the Rhône bridge where it becomes the D10 and goes north-east to join the D19. The D40B goes north from the village to join the D33. The D40E connects the D40 at the eastern edge of the commune to the D40B. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Le Chamolay, Curtille, Le Grand Chaffard, Le Maitre, Le Bessey, Le Sablonnet, and Les Nappes. The commune has a large forest in the north-east on the Île Molettes with a large urban area in the centre mixed with farmland, and in the south mixed forest and farmland.
The north-western border of the commune consists entirely of a left branch of the Rhône river as it loops north on its course through Lyon south to the Mediterranean. The Grand Canal de l'Huert forms the south-western border of the commune which curves to join the Huert river which is part of the northern border of the commune. The Canal du Champ forms the southern border of the commune where it connects the Grand Canal de l'Huert to the Bièvre river which forms the south-eastern border of the commune flowing north-east to join the Rhône.
From the late Neolithic to the middle Bronze Age the region was inhabited by farmers. A scythe found in Les Avenières region is preserved in the Vienne Museum. It is the only evidence of human occupation before the Gallo-Romans. It was found at the confluence of the Bièvre and the Rhône.
In 1989 maintenance work undertaken in the La Cour du Pont district led to the discovery of two oak piles at a depth of 2 metres. A Carbon-14 study undertaken by the centre for chronology at the Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 (CNRS) gave a date between 39 BC and 120 AD. It is possible that they were piles for a Gallo-Roman bridge used to cross the Rhone between Les Avenières and Thuellin.
- In 1330 Aigline de Gerbais was married to Louis de Rivoire, knight, lord of Romagnieu, Domessin, la Bâtie-Montgascon, Villeneuve de Ciers (les Avenières), and Bruzolo en Piémont.
- In 1496 notes and coins prove that Humbert of Baternay was deprived of the proceeds of the sale and transfer of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières by King Charles VIII.
- In October 1496 Charles VIII issued Letters Patent ceding Dolomieu and Avenieres to Humbert of Bagternay.
- On 22 January 1560 copies were made of letters agreed to by King Charles with René de Baternay on the subject of the lands of Ornacieux, Dolomieu, and Les Avenières.
- On 8 October 1609 Gabrielle de Baternay, widow of Gaspard de la Chastre, sold the lands and lordships of Avenières and Brangues as well as the Barony of Bouchage to M. of Granieu and Dorgeoise.
- In July 1523 letters from François I stated that the possession of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières was held by René de Baternay. An order from the King's Council showed that René de Baternay would be restored to possession of the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières.
- On 15 March 1642 there was a memoir and instructions on the subject of the proceedings of the King's Council regarding the lands of Dolomieu and Avenières.
At the beginning of the 20th century the town was served two secondary railways: the Chemin de fer de l'Est de Lyon to Lyon and Aosta, and the Tramways départementaux de l'Isère, which was taken over by Tramways de l'Ouest du Dauphiné, to La Tour-du-Pin. This last operated from 1909 to 1935.
List of Successive Mayors
- Mayors from 1941
|1980||1989||Marius Louis Monnet|
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 5,430 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
- The Chateau Bertaudières
- The Chateau Cerisier
- The Chateau Eau-Morte
- The André Moiroud Stadium (formerly Epinettes Stadium), owned by the HOC
- The Walibi Rhône-Alpes Amusement Park
- The Church of Buvin. The Church contains a Bronze Bell (1661) which is registered as an historical object.
- The Aluvial area of Rhône du Pont de Groslée at Murs-et-Gélignieux
- The Huert river and wetland
- The Corangle wetland
- The Corneille wetland and lake
- Aimé Bocquet, The problem of palafittic occupation in the north of lower Dauphiné. From the late Neolithic to the middle Bronze Ages, Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, Vol. 64, No. 2, 1967, pp. 501–516 (French)
- Ulysse Robert, General catalogue of manuscripts in the public libraries of France: Departments, Plon, Nourrit & cie (Paris), 1903, Vol. 41 (French)
- N2007-RA-0098, Bleu Stéphane, 2007, Gallia, adlfi website (French)
- Les Avenières official website (French)
- Les Avenières on Lion1906
- Les Avenières on Google Maps
- Les Avenières on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- les Avenieres on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Les Avenières on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Isère (French)
- Google Maps
- Jean-Claude Bouvier, Place names of Dauphiné, Éditions Bonneton, ISBN 9782862531854 (French)
- The problem of palafittic occupation of the north of lower Dauphiné. From the late Neolithic to Middle Bronze Ages (French)
- General catalogue of manuscripts in public libraries in France: Departments, 1903, Vol. LXI (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM38000011 Bronze bell (French)
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