Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke

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Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
F de Sher Badge.jpg
The badge of Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke.
Active 1910 - present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army
Type Primary Reserve infantry
Role infantry
Size Regiment
Garrison/HQ Sherbrooke, Quebec, with a sub-unit in Granby
Motto Droit au but
Decorations .

Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. It is based in Sherbrooke, Quebec, with a sub-unit in Granby.

Badge[edit]

A grenade with the Crown superimposed upon the ball within an annulet inscribed Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, surmounted by a beaver and super-imposed upon a maple leaf; the whole resting on a scroll inscribed Droit au but.[1]

Lineage[edit]

  • Originated 1 April 1910 in Sherbrooke, Quebec as the 54th Regiment (Carabiniers de Sherbrooke)
  • Redesignated 29 March 1920 as Les Carabiniers de Sherbrooke
  • Redesignated 15 January 1933 as Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
  • Redesignated 7 November 1940 as Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke (Reserve)
  • Redesignated 18 March 1942 as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
  • Redesignated1 June 1945 as Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke[2]

Common point of confusion[edit]

Early in WWII the Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, was formed with men from Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke and The Sherbrooke Regiment. Shortly after establishment, the spelling was changed to Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment. Its Royal Canadian Armoured Corps lineage, battle honours and armoured traditions are perpetuated by The Sherbrooke Hussars through The Sherbrooke Regiment. Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke is an infantry regiment and shares the battle honours.

Further evidence of the singular form of the regimental name is found on the metal cap badge, which consists of a flaming grenade and a banner with the motto, "DROIT AU BUT" in Latin. The motto and the bomb were borrowed from Les Fusilier de Sherbrooke. In the centre is a horse's head surrounded by the words "SHERBROOKE FUSILIER REGIMENT". The horse was found on the family coat of arms of Sir John Cope Sherbrooke, namesake of the home city.

The official Canadian Forces names must not be translated haphazardly. After GO 42/41 and GO 62/41, the name 'Fusiliers' changed from the plural to the singular 'Fusilier' form.[3] Therefore, only during 1940 was the regimental name plural. The foregoing as copied from official Department of National Defence references (A-DH-267-000/AF-003, page 2-2-67) accessed 21 Jun 14:

Perpetuations[edit]

The Great War[edit]

Operational History[edit]

The camp flag of Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke.

The Great War[edit]

Details of the 54th Regiment "Carabiniers de Sherbrooke" were called out on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.[5]

The 163rd Battalion (French-Canadian), CEF was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Bermuda on 26 May 1916 for garrison duty. It sailed from Canada for Great Britain on 27 November 1916 where it was absorbed by the 10th Reserve Battalion, CEF, on 8 January 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion disbanded on 15 September 1917.[6]

The Second World War[edit]

Sherman tank of Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment, Falaise 17 August 1944.

Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, in conjunction with The Sherbrooke Regiment (Machine Gun) (now The Sherbrooke Hussars), mobilized The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, CASF for active service on 24 May 1940. It was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, CASF on 7 November 1940 and as the 1st Battalion, The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment, CASF on 15 November 1940. The 1st Battalion was converted to an armoured regiment on 26 January 1942 and designated as the 27th Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment), CAC, CASF. It was redesignated as the 27th Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment), RCAC, CASF on 2 August 1945. The regiment served in Newfoundland on garrison duty from 13 August 1941 to 15 February 1942, and embarked for Great Britain on 27 October 1942. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France as part the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 February 1946.[7]

The regiment subsequently mobilized the 1st Battalion, Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, CASF' for active service on 18 March 1942. It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 15th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division and the 14th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Division. On 10 January 1945, it embarked for Great Britain, where it was disbanded for reinforcements on 18 January 1945.[8]

Afghanistan[edit]

The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014.[9]

Battle Honours[edit]

The regimental colour of Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke.

In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Those battle honours followed by a "+" are emblazoned on the regimental colour.[10]

The Great War[edit]

The Second World War[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Notable Personalities[edit]

Canada's leading tank ace Maj. (later Brig.-Gen.) S.V. Radley-Walters served as the Officer Commanding C Squadron of the 27th Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment), RCAC, CASF. He would later serve as the first Commanding Officer of the Regular Army 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's), the Commandant of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps School, Commander of 2 Combat Group at CFB Petawawa and Commander of the Combat Training Centre, Gagetown, NB.

Alliances[edit]

Armoury[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Sherbrooke Armoury, 64 Belvédère street South 1908 Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Sherbrooke, Quebec
  • Housing Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, this large centrally located building with a low-pitched gable roof, has a large, unobstructed drill hall space
Parade militaire.jpg

Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke Regimental Museum[edit]

Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke Regimental Museum
Parade militaire.jpg
Location 64 Belvédère Street South Sherbrooke, Quebec Canada
Type Regimental Museum

The museum promotes the military history of Sherbrooke and the military history of Canada. The museum exhibits materials that relate to the regiment`s history, from its inception to the present. The museum collects, preserves, and shows, documents, artifacts and photos which illustrate the military life of other regiments and units.[14]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
The Calgary Highlanders
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke Succeeded by
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. ^ http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/fs-eng.asp
  4. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  8. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  9. ^ http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2014/05/09/south-west-asia-theatre-honours
  10. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  11. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  12. ^ "Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke". Official Lineages Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  14. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03