Les Négresses Vertes
Les Négresses Vertes, which formed in 1987, is a French music group that is best described as a fusion of world music and some aspects of alternative rock. Its tracks often feature acoustic guitar and accordion, as well as some tracks containing many other traditional instruments such as piano and brass. The group's style is fairly upbeat and energetic on the majority of its tracks, with unusual rhythms, vocals delivered with a generous dose of zeal and vibrant energy, and accompaniment melodies ranging from lilting and distant to eccentric and fast-paced. These two factors give many of the group's pieces a strong sense of direction.
Formed in 1987, Les Négresses Vertes arose from the alternative-music scene in Paris. The original line-up included singer Helno (also known as Helno Rota de Lourcqua, born Noël Rota in Paris, December 25, 1963–January 22, 1993), Jo Roz (also known as l'Ami Ro; real name Joe Ruffier des Aimes) (piano), Stéfane Mellino (guitar), Jean-Marie Paulus (bass), Gaby (drums), Matthias Canavese (accordion), Michel Ochowiak (trumpet), Abraham Sirinix (also known as Abraham Braham) (trombone), and Iza Mellino (backing vocals).
The original members were a group of friends, many of whom had not played their instruments before forming the band. The group's name translates as green negresses; it arose from abuse hurled at the members at one of the group's first concerts. The insult is a comparison to the kitsch art of Vladimir Tretchikoff. The group was initially signed to the independent Off the Track label and released the punk protest song "200 Ans D'Hypocrisie" in response to its home country's French Revolution bicentennial celebrations.
In 1989, it released its first album, Mlah, to good reviews in both France and the UK, where the single "Zobi La Mouche" just failed to reach the charts and where it toured and played the WOMAD festival. The group also made a controversial tour of Lebanon. Its second album, Famille Nombreuse, in 1991, featured new drummer Zé Verbalito.
Helno was by this time struggling with serious heroin addiction, and Stéfane Mellino and Canavese replaced him as the main songwriters. Helno died at his parents' house on January 22, 1993.
Several members left the band after Helno's death, but Les Négresses Vertes continued around the nucleus of Mellino, Canavese, Ochowiak, and Paulus. In 1995, the band released the album Zig-Zague, followed by the live album Green Bus. By 2000's Trabendo, the group's style had shifted to a dub-oriented lounge style.
- Mlah (1988)
- Famille Nombreuse (1991)
- 10 Remixes (87-93) (1993) (compilation of remixes)
- An Aperitif (1994)
- Zig-Zague (1994)
- Green Bus (1996), live
- Trabendo (1999)
- Acoustic Clubbing (2001)
- Le Grand Déballage (2002) ('Best of' album)
- L'essentiel (2004) ('Best of' album)
- À l'Affiche (2006)
- Il (1989)
- Zobi La Mouche (1989)
- Voila L’ete (1989)
- "I Love Paris" (1990) (Tribute album "Red Hot + Blue" produced by the Red Hot Organization)
- Famille Heureuse (1992)
- Hou! Mamma Mia (1992)
- Sous Le soleil de bodega (1992)
- Apres La pluie (1994)
- Mambo Show (1994)
- A Quoi Bon (1995)
- Easy Girls (1999)
- Leila (1999)
- Hasta Llegar (2000) ('Promo' CD - was never released)
- Spank / Abuela (2000)