This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)
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Situated in a 17th-century building, the museum is devoted to modern and contemporary art. This municipal museum has "Musée de France" status. Two principal artists represented : Gaston Chaissac (1910–1964) and Victor Brauner (1903–1966).[why?]
The history of Sables-d'Olonne has been linked with the Atlantic Ocean ever since its foundation in 1218 from Havre d'Olonne by Savary I de Mauléon, the Lord of Mauléon, Sénéchal of Poitou and prince of Talmont.
In 1472, Louis XI separated Les Sables d'Olonne from the town of Olonne.
In the 17th century, the port of Les Sables d'Olonne was the largest cod-fishing port in France, with 14,000 inhabitants.
During the French Revolution, the city supported the Republic, unlike the surrounding Vendée. Thus it was often besieged, but unsuccessfully, thanks to its port.
Its first bathing establishments were started in 1825, initiating the local tourism industry.