Les Voltigeurs de Québec

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Les Voltigeurs de Québec
V de Q Cap Badge.jpg
The cap badge of Les Voltigeurs de Québec
Active 7 March 1862-Present
Country Canada
Branch Primary Reserves
Type Rifles
Role Light Infantry
Size One battalion
Garrison/HQ Manège Militaire de Québec
805 Avenue Wilfrid-Laurier, Quebec, Canada. G1R 2L3 (Regimental HQ has temporarily been moved to 835, boul Pierre-Bertrand since the 2008 fire)
Motto Force A Superbe Mercy A Foible
(Violence to the strong, mercy to the weak)
Colors None (Rifle regiments have no Colors)
March Les Voltigeurs de Québec
Engagements See Battle honours
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant Colonel Jean-François Bédard, CD
Colonel of
the Regiment

(Joint Honorary Colonels) Colonel Marcel Jobin, CM, CQ, CCSS, CD

Lieutenant Colonel Marc-André Bélanger, CD

Les Voltigeurs de Québec is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces. The name of the regiment commemorates another older French-speaking Canadian militia light infantry unit, the Canadian Voltigeurs (raised in 1812 and disbanded in 1815). The founder of the Canadian Voltigeurs, lieutenant-colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, was the father of the two men who raised Les Voltigeurs de Québec. The regiment was formed in March 1862, with its headquarters in Quebec City, by the amalgamation into a regiment of eight independent Volunteer Militia Rifle companies. The first of these companies was originally raised in December 1861. Between 1862 and 1867 these companies were frequently disbanded, reformed and renumbered. In 1942 it provided an armoured regiment.

The regiment has provided soldiers for service with the United Nations and NATO in places like the Golan Heights, Cyprus, the former Yugoslavia, Egypt, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone and Haiti.

Cap badge[edit]

Description[edit]

The arms of Salaberry within an annulus Vert fimbriated and inscribed VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC in letters Argent, all surmounting the cross of the Order of St. Louis Argent, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and above a scroll Argent inscribed with the Motto in letters Gules.[1]

Symbolism[edit]

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The Voltigeurs Canadiens (1812-1815), who were organized as a temporary British Army regular unit and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry for service during the War of 1812, had the reputation of repeatedly repulsing superior American forces. His son, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles René-Léonidas de Salaberry, was the first commanding officer of the regiment when it was formed in 1862. The badge, incorporating the arms and motto "FORCE À SUPERBE MERCY À FOIBLE"" of the family of d'Irumberry de Salaberry, was adopted in 1892 in recognition of this family's services to the military of Canada and the regiment. The Order of Saint Louis, instituted by King Louis XIV of France in 1693, was a notable honour in New France. "VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC" is a form of the regimental title.[2]

Lineage[edit]

Les Voltigeurs de Québec originated in Quebec City, Quebec on 7 March 1862 as The 9th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada (or "'Voltigeurs of Quebec'"). It was redesignated the 9th Regiment Voltigeurs de Québec on 8 May 1900, and, following the Great War, Les Voltigeurs de Québec on 29 March 1920. During the Second World War it was designated the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec on 10 May 1941 and Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Reserve) on 15 September 1944. After the Second World War it was designated Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor) on 1 April 1946. On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) and redesignated Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Mitrailleuses). It was redesignated Les Voltigeurs de Québec on 11 April 1958. On 22 February 1965, it was amalgamated with The Royal Rifles of Canada. The two regiments ceased to be amalgamated on 1 November 1966.[3]

The camp flag of Les Voltigeurs de Québec.

Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) originated in St. Ambroise on 9 April 1869 as The Provisional Battalion of Quebec. It was redesignated the 87th Quebec Battalion of Infantry on 27 May 1881 and the 87th Quebec Regiment on 8 May 1900. Following the Great War it was redesignated Le Régiment de Québec on 29 March 1920 and Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) on 15 December 1936. During the Second World War it was redesignated the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) on 18 March 1942. Following the Second World War it was redesignated Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) on 22 December 1945. On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor).[4]

Perpetuations[edit]

'War of 1812: Les Voltigeurs de Québec perpetuate the Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs), the 1st and 2nd Battalions (City of Quebec) (1812–15), the Beauport Division (1812–15) and the 6th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia.[5]

The Great War: The regiment perpetuates the 57th Battalion (Canadien-Français), CEF.[6]

Operational history[edit]

The Fenian Raids[edit]

The Voltigeurs of Quebec were called out on active service on 8 March 1866, remaining on active service until 31 March 1866.[7]

The North West Rebellion[edit]

Les Voltigeurs de Québec were mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885, and served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force. The battalion was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.[8]

The Great War[edit]

The 9th Regiment Voltigeurs de Québec and details of the 87th Quebec Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.[9]

The 57e Bataillon (Canadien-Français), CEF, was authorized on 20 April 1915 and embarked for Britain on 2 June 1916, where on 8 June 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the 69th Battalion (Canadien-Français), CEF, to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 11 April 1918.[10]

The Second World War[edit]

Details of Les Voltigeurs de Québec and details of Le Régiment de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, as Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF (Details) and Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses), CASF (Details), for local protection duties. These details were disbanded on 31 December 1940. Details of Les Voltigeurs were again called out on service on 1 January 1941, as Details of 1st (Reserve) Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, and were disbanded on 5 April 1941.[11]

The regiment mobilized the 1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF, on 10 May 1941. It was converted to armour and redesignated the 24th Army Tank Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF, on 26 January 1942. It was redesignated the 24th Reconnaissance Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF, on 22 May 1942 and the 24th Reconnaissance Regiment (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF, on 8 June 1942. On 16 January 1943, it was reconverted to infantry and redesignated the 1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF. It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 17th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Infantry Division. It embarked for Britain on 23 July 1943, where it provided reinforcements to units of the Canadian Corps in the field until it was disbanded on 1 November 1943.[12]

Details of Le Régiment de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses), CASF (Details), for local protection duties.41 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940. The regiment subsequently mobilized the 1st Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec, CASF, on 18 March 1942. This unit served in Canada and in a home defence role as part of the 15th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Infantry Division and in Newfoundland on garrison duty. The battalion was disbanded on 22 December 1945 following the cessation of hostilities.[13]

Afghanistan[edit]

The regiment contributed volunteers to the various task forces that served in Afghanistan from 2002 to 2014.[14]

Fire[edit]

During the night of April 4, 2008, the Voltigeurs de Québec Armoury, (formerly Grande-Allée Armoury (French: Manège militaire Grande-Allée), built in 1887, was destroyed during a fire. In October 2008, regimental institutions and their insurance firm started a lawsuit against the Department of National Defence, for damages, blaming negligence on the part of the government for failing to let the insurance firm personnel inspect the site after the fire. In November 2012, the Government of Canada announced that the Manège Militaire de Québec would be rebuilt and would remain the historic home of the regiment. The re-built armoury is scheduled to be completed by 2017.

Battle honours[edit]

War of 1812[edit]

North West Rebellion[edit]

The Great War[edit]

The Second World War[edit]

Honorary distinction

Les Voltigeurs de Québec were awarded the honorary distinction of the Second World War badge of the Royal 22e Régiment for significantly reinforcing the regiment during the Italian campaign. Although authorized, this cap badge has not been added to the regimental appointments.[19]

Afghanistan[edit]

Affiliation[edit]

Historical plaque showing regimental alliance to The DWR


Les Voltigeurs de Québec museum[edit]

Les Voltigeurs de Québec museum
Manège Militaire, Quebec City, Les Voltigeurs de Québec - crop.jpg
Location Grande-Allée Armoury, 805 Wilfrid-Laurier Avenue East, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2L3Canada
Type Regimental Museum
Website [1]

The museum fosters greater awareness among general public of the Regiment’s history and traditions. The museum illustrates the military history of the Régiment des Voltigeurs de Québec, the Royal Rifles of Canada and the Quebec Regiment, using artifacts, uniforms, photographs and documents. The museum displays military uniforms, weapons, equipment, medals, private badge collections, scale models, trophies and war memorabilia loaned by Regimental veterans and supporters of the museum.[22]

Legacy[edit]

The Royal Canadian Mint issued a 5-cent silver proof coin celebrating Les Voltigeurs de Québec in 2000; the coin features a baton, drums, and a sash of the Regimental Insignia of Les Voltigeurs de Québec.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  4. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  8. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  9. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  10. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  11. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  12. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  13. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  14. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "The Creation of the Commemorative Theatre Honour and Honorary Distinction "Defence of Canada – 1812-1815 – Défense du Canada"". Department of National Defence. September 14, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  16. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  17. ^ "War of 1812 Battle Honours". Department of National Defence. September 14, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  18. ^ "War of 1812 Battle Honours". Department of National Defence. September 14, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  19. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  20. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  22. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums – Operations and Administration 2002-04-03
  23. ^ Les Voltigeurs de Québec coin

External links[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
Les Voltigeurs de Québec Succeeded by
The Royal Regiment of Canada