April 1973 cover
|Categories||Lesbian, feminism, politics|
|Publisher||Daughters of Bilitis|
The Lesbian Tide was an American lesbian newspaper that was first published in 1971 and discontinued in 1980.
The Lesbian Tide originated in 1971 as the newsletter for the Los Angeles chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), a national lesbian rights organization, and was called the LA DOB Newsletter. The newsletter was run by young members of the DOB and their radical political stance created a rift between the editors and older, less radical members of the DOB. In December 1972, the newspaper formally split from the DOB and, with a change in title to the Lesbian Tide, it became an independent publication with Jeanne Córdova (a former DOB member) as editor.
When the Tide expanded its distribution from the Los Angeles region to other U.S. cities, it became the first national lesbian newspaper. Córdova's ambition was to create a newspaper that was as widely circulated as The Advocate, which at the time was targeted towards a gay male audience. The Lesbian Tide struggled financially, however, and at one point its editors published a message to their readers: "WE ARE FLAT BROKE! PLEASE SEND MONEY!" Ultimately, the newspaper ceased publication in 1980.
The Tide's content was not purely lesbian-related; it also appealed to the broader feminist movement of the time and advertised services such as the Alcoholism Center for Women and sex therapy workshops.
The Lesbian Tide was the United States' first national lesbian newspaper. Writing for The Advocate, Diane Anderson-Minshall said that Córdova and the newspaper's other writers "helped usher in the era of advocacy journalism ... It wasn't propaganda, but it wasn't quiet, just-the-facts-ma'am reporting either."
In April 1973, the staff of the Lesbian Tide organized and hosted the West Coast Lesbian Conference in Los Angeles. The magazine's writers were also outspoken in their opposition of proposed censorship and obscenity laws in California, which they felt were homophobic and antifeminist.
- Clendinen, Dudley; Nagourney, Dudley (2001). "In Our Mothers' Names". Out For Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684867434.
- Pomerleau, Clark A. (2010). "Empowering Members, Not Overpowering Them: The National Organization for Women, Calls for Lesbian Inclusion, and California Influence, 1960s–1980s". Journal of Homosexuality 57 (7): 842–861. doi:10.1080/00918369.2010.493414.
- Zonkel, Phillip (April 12, 2012). "'Outlaw' Jeanne Cordova to speak Sunday at Montclair Women's Cultural Arts Club". Press-Telegram.
- Murray, Heather (2007). "Free for All Lesbians: Lesbian Cultural Production and Consumption in the United States during the 1970s". Journal of the History of Sexuality 16 (2): 251–275.
- Hobbs Thompson, Margo (2005). "The Visible Lesbian in Community Arts Journals". GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 12 (3): 405–423.
- "Sex, History And Lesbian Outlaws". The Advocate. December 3, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Strub, Whitney (2010). "LAVENDER, MENACED: Lesbianism, Obscenity Law, and the Feminist Antipornography Movement". Journal of Women's History 22 (2): 83–107,212.