Leslie War Memorial
Leslie shown within Fife
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Scottish Parliament||Mid Fife and Glenrothes|
Leslie is a large village on the northern tip of the River Leven Valley, to the west of Glenrothes in Fife. According to the population estimates (2006), the village has a population of 3,092. The village was granted burgh of barony status by James II in 1458 for George Leslie who became the first Earl of Rothes. Later, this was upgraded to a police burgh in 1865.
Leslie is a linear settlement with the historic High Street as its main focus. A large proportion of housing in Leslie is traditional however there are concentrations of more contemporary housing in the west of the village. The high street contains a number of community facilities including shops, pubs, restaurants and a dentist. Leslie also has a primary school which is located in the west of the village. The former Fettykil Paper mill lies within the leven valley to the south and historic Leslie House, former stately home of the Earls of Rothes, sits in large grounds to the south-east of the village within Riverside Park.
Little is known about the history of Leslie before 1300. The village which bears the name of the Leslie family area descended from Bartolf or Bartholomew who was a Hungarian or maybe Flemish tradesman, who according to legend arrived in Scotland with Queen Margaret, the sister of Edgar the Ætheling in 1057. Finding favour with Queen Margaret's husband, Malcolm III, Bartolf became the governor of Edinburgh Castle and was knighted and granted with lands in the Garioch in Aberdeenshire, making his residence at Leslie. A charter by William the Lion between 1172 and 1190, granted the lands in Aberdeenshire which were owned by Bartholomew to be passed down to his descendent. In 1283, Norman de Leslie (the fourth descendent of Bartholomew) was granted the lands 'Fettykill' or 'Fythkill' from Alexander III. A settlement also known as 'Fettykill' began to develop around these lands. In 1455, the settlement was renamed '"Leslie"' after Sir George Leslie. Burgh of Barony status followed in 1458 being awarded by James II after Sir George Leslie who became 1st Earl of Rothes (a title which came from the family owning land at Rothes, near Elgin). During this time, the family started to become prominent in Scottish affairs. John Leslie, the then Earl of Rothes, was awarded the title of Lord High Chancellor to Charles II in 1667 and then became known as the Duke of Rothes in 1680. Leslie House was built for the Duke of Rothes between 1667 and 1674 and this became the seat of the Rothes family. The house which was dubbed Villa De Rothes was the centre of life in the village and once rivalled Holyrood Palace for both size and glamour. When a fire destroyed the building in 1763, the north, east and south wings were demolished. Only the west wing was retained and this was reconstructed between 1745 and 1747. From 1904 to 1919 Leslie House was the home of Noëlle, Countess of Rothes, a noted philanthropist who became famous as a heroine of the Titanic disaster in 1912. During World War I Lady Rothes converted a wing of Leslie House into a hospital for wounded soldiers invalided from the Front.
Leslie House was again severely damaged by fire in February 2009. Restoration of the building, as well as plans to create 17 luxury homes from the renovated property, are currently underway.
The village has its own 9-hole golf course and a public park to the north.
- "Population Estimates for Towns and Villages in Fife" (PDF). Fife Council. March 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-21.[dead link]
- Lamont-Brown Fife in History and Legend pp.157-158.
- Fife Council Kirkcaldy's History, Its Places and Its Famous Folk p.11.
- Fiet Old Leslie p.3.
- Ferguson A History of Glenrothes p11
- Ferguson A History of Glenrothes pp13-14
- Ferguson A History of Glenrothes p.17.
- A Matter of Course : The Story of Noelle Rothes, Titanic's "Plucky Little Countess" by Randy Bryan Bigham
- Lamont-Brown, Raymond (2002). Fife in History and Legend. Edinburgh: Birlinn Publishing.
- Ferguson, Keith (1982). A History of Glenrothes. Glenrothes Development Corporation.
- Fiet, William (1998). Old Leslie. Stenlake Publishing.