Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg
Leslie Arnold Turnberg, Baron Turnberg, Kt, is a British medical professional and an author of many publications and books related to the medical and health services fields. His experience extends to areas of research in these fields, and maintaining a clinical practice. He has published four books and some 150 articles on medical and scientific research.
Turnberg holds honorary fellowships from sixteen different UK and overseas colleges and has held many different positions within the medical field, including Professor of Medicine at University of Manchester from 1973 to 1997, Dean of the Medical School from 1983 to 1986 and President of the Royal College of Physicians from 1992 to 1997. His other appointments included President of the Medical Protection Society from 1997 to 2007, Chairman of the Board of the Public Health Laboratory Service from 1997 to 2005, President of the Medical Council on Alcoholism from 2000 to 2005, Chair of the UK Forum for Genetics and Insurance from 1998 to 2002. His current appointments include scientific adviser to the Association of Medical Research Charities; trustee of the Wolfson Foundation, trustee of the Joseph Interfaith Foundation, Fellow and former Vice President of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Turnberg also served as a consultant gastroenterologist at Salford Royal Hospital from 1973 to 1997.
Refinement and reduction of animals in research
In May 2004, the UK Government announced that it was establishing a national centre for "best practice" in animal testing called "The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research". The board of the new centre was chaired by Lord Turnberg from 2004 to 2007. The focus of the centre is on the "three R's": the replacement, refinement, and reduction of animal testing. The "three R's" were first published in the 1959 by WMS Russell and Rex Birch in the book The Principles of Humane Experimentation Technique. The centre will explore alternatives to animal testing, such as experiments on cultured cells or using computer simulations
The UK government currently still regards animal testing as necessary, but science minister Lord Sainsbury of Turville said that a "major opportunity" now existed to make progress in improving the welfare of animals used in testing through the three R's.
The centre will be housed within the Medical Research Council's existing Centre for Best Practice for Animals in Research (CBPAR) and build upon its work.
Knight and Baron Turnberg
- "Royal College of Physicians: College History: Presidents of the College". Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Official statement about Gaza and Israel". Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "Leslie Turnberg". Retrieved 2011-05-17.
- "The Three R's: The Way Forward". The Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
- The London Gazette: . 1994-06-11.
- The London Gazette: . 2000-03-31.
- The London Gazette: . 2000-05-09.
- "Minutes and Order Paper - Minutes of Proceedings". House of Lords. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research
- The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique
Dame Margaret Turner-Warwick
|President of the Royal College of Physicians