Leslie Wilkinson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Professor Leslie Wilkinson by Anthony Browell

Leslie Wilkinson was a professor of architecture at University of Sydney. He was born on the 12th of October 1882 at New Southgate, Middlesex, England and died on the 20th of September 1973 at Vaucluse.[1] His whole life was dedicated to architecture as both an academic and practising architect.

Wilkinson was the founding dean of the faculty of architecture at University of Sydney in 1920. His ideals on architecture as a form of art had strongly influenced both the school and its students. The emphasis on the teaching of philosophy and practice of design was at the time a frontier in architecture education.[2] Wilkinson was never a part of the modern architecture movement. His work, both as a teacher and practising architect, was consistently involved only with traditional architecture, which was inspired by Australian's colonial heritage and Mediterranean architecture. This is contributed by his background training at the Royal Academy of Arts and his study tours in France, Italy, Spain and Great Britain. Wilkinson's influential work is seen in residential, church and University of Sydney master plan.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Leslie Wilkinson was the younger son of commercial clerk Edward Henry Wilkinson. In his early years, Leslie Wilkinson studied at St Edward's School, Oxford and at the Royal Academy of Arts', London. He had won several awards at the Royal Academy, of which the touring scholarship (1904, 1905) allowed him to travel to France, Italy, Spain and England. It was in these early years that his fascination with Mediterranean architecture was already obvious.[4] Wilkinson was James S. Gibson's assistant in 1900. He was an associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1907. In 1908, he became Professor F. M. Simpson's assistant at University College in London and later became assistant professor. He was enlisted in the Territorial Force during the World War I. In 1918, he was accepted as the new chair of architecture at the University of Sydney.

By 1920, Leslie Wilkinson had successfully applied for the creation of the faculty of architecture at the University of Sydney. He was appointed as the dean and continued for four years to make architectural education more towards the theory and philosophies of design.

During his career as an academic, Wilkinson had also practised as architect. He was appointed the university architect in 1919, during which he had contributed to the master plan of the University of Sydney. He was also influential in designing residential and church architecture.[5] Leslie Wilkinson became the first president of New South Wales state chapter of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects in 1933. He also won the first gold medal in 1961, which in that year the award was named in his honour, the Wilkinson Award

Notable projects[edit]

Academic[edit]

Sydney University Main Quadrangle Panorama by Toby Hudson
  • Completion of Edmund Blacket's Gothic Revival Quadrangle, University of Sydney, 1919
  • Chemistry Building, University of Sydney, 1923
  • Physics Building, University of Sydney, 1926
    Sydney University Physics Building by Toby Hudson

Residential[edit]

  • Wilkinson Residence, Greenway, 1923
  • Silchester, Bellevue Hill, 1930
  • Greyleaves, Burradoo, 1934
  • Samuel Hordern Residence, Bellevue Hill, 1936
  • Maiala, Warrawee, 1937
  • Hazeldean, Cooma, 1937

Church[edit]

  • St John's Church of England, Penshurst, Sydney
    St John's Church of England, Penshurst by J. Bar
  • St John's Church of England, Maroubra, Sydney
  • St Paul's Church, Harris Park, Sydney
  • Completion of Blacke's St Michael's, Vancluse

Awards[edit]

  • Royal Academy of Art Silver Medal, 1903
  • Royal Academy of Art Gold Medal, 1905
  • Sulman Medal, 1934
  • Sulman Medal, 1942
  • Royal Australian Institute of Architects Gold Medal, 1961 (Now known as Wilkinson Awards)
  • Honorary Award, University of Sydney, 1970

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clive Lucas, "Wilkinson, Leslie (1882-1973)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, 1990
  2. ^ R. N. Johnson, ["Leslie Wilkinson and His Architecture"], Art and Australia, Volume 12, 1974
  3. ^ S. Falkiner, ["Leslie Wilkinson a Practical Idealist"], Leslie Wilkinson a Practical Idealist, 1982
  4. ^ Clive Lucas, "Wilkinson, Leslie (1882-1973)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, 1990
  5. ^ R. N. Johnson, ["Leslie Wilkinson and His Architecture"], Art and Australia, Volume 12, 1974

External Links[edit]