Leslieville

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Leslieville
Neighbourhood
A group of typical Leslieville homes
A group of typical Leslieville homes
Vicinity
Vicinity
Leslieville is located in Toronto
Leslieville
Location within Toronto
Coordinates: 43°39′43″N 79°19′55″W / 43.661927°N 79.332039°W / 43.661927; -79.332039Coordinates: 43°39′43″N 79°19′55″W / 43.661927°N 79.332039°W / 43.661927; -79.332039
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
City Toronto Flag.svg Toronto

Leslieville is a middle-class neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada east of the Don River bounded by the Canadian National railway line and Gerrard Street to the north, Empire Avenue to the west, Eastern Avenue to south, and Coxwell Avenue to the east.

Leslie Home at Queen St E & Leslie, 1920

History[edit]

This east-end neighbourhood forms part of the broader neighbourhood of South Riverdale. Leslieville began as a small village in the 1850s, which grew up around the Toronto Nurseries owned by George Leslie and sons, after whom the community is named. Most of Leslieville's residents were gardeners or were employed at one of the brick-making factories in the area.

Alexander Muir, the composer of The Maple Leaf Forever, was the first principal of the Leslieville Public School, one of the first buildings in the village. Muir was inspired when a brilliant maple leaf fell on his jacket from a Leslieville tree. That tree fell on July 19, 2013. Before this, it was a famous landmark in the community.

For decades, South Riverdale was home to light industry, particularly along Eastern Ave. south of Queen St. Metal processing and tanning were notable industries which, along with other industrial activity, left Leslieville and South Riverdale with a legacy of contaminated land. In 2000, the A.R. Clarke Tannery went up in flames, burning for days and unleashing toxic ash on the surrounding neighbourhood. Almost all these industrial areas have now been abandoned and are awaiting redevelopment.

Aerial photograph showing most of Leslieville, 1942

Leslieville once mainly housed those who worked in the factories, and their departure has greatly changed the area. The reduction in air pollution and fumes have made it much more appealing to members of the middle and creative class. Leslieville is a neighbourhood which gentrified rapidly between 2000 and 2010 when it was commonly referred to as an up-and-coming neighbourhood, with new restaurants, shops and cafés catering to its new populace popping up. Several industrial buildings in the immediate area, including north along Carlaw, have been revamped into condominiums.[1] Despite the average house costing well over half a million dollars, it still has a largely working-class and middle-class sensibility. Most of Leslieville is middle class, and most working-class residents live near Gerrard. In some of the former industrial areas large film studios have opened, including Cinevillage and Showline Studios. Just to the south, in the Port Lands area, the massive new Pinewood Toronto Studios have been built.

A fortified site along Eastern Avenue was the main Toronto base of the Hells Angels until it was raided by police and confiscated in 2007.[2] A number of large public housing complexes built in the neighbourhood in the 1960s and 1970s suffer from ills due to bad design. Just to the southeast of the neighbourhood is the massive Ashbridges Bay Wastewater Treatment Plant, Canada's largest. Concerted efforts have been made to eliminate odours for the benefit of local residents, but they still do sometimes waft over the area and the neighbouring Beach neighbourhood.

Political representation[edit]

A mural on Jones Avenue in Leslieville (as viewed from Queen Street East)

Leslieville is in the federal political riding of Toronto-Danforth, represented by NDP MP Craig Scott. Scott replaced former MP and NDP leader Jack Layton in a by-election following Layton's death from cancer. Municipally, Leslieville is in Toronto Ward 30, represented by Toronto city councillor Paula Fletcher, the former leader of the Communist Party of Manitoba.[3] Parts of Leslieville are in Toronto Ward 32, represented by Toronto city Councillor Mary-Margaret McMahon,[4] who replaced Sandra Bussin in 2010. The seat in the Ontario provincial parliament is currently held by New Democrat Peter Tabuns, elected in the March 30, 2006 by-election and then re-elected in the 2007 general election.

Federally, the riding was represented by New Democrats from 1965 until 1988; past MPs include Bob Rae (1978-1982), who resigned to become leader of the provincial NDP, and was later Premier of Ontario in the NDP majority government of 1990-1995. In the 1988 federal election, the seat was won by Liberal Dennis Mills. Mills held the riding until Jack Layton of the New Democratic Party regained the seat in the 2004 Canadian federal election.

The provincial seat was previously held by Marilyn Churley, then deputy leader of the New Democratic Party of Ontario, until she resigned prior to an unsuccessful bid for the adjacent federal seat of Beaches-East York in the January 2006 federal election. Provincially, the riding has elected a New Democrat in every election and by-election since 1963.

Landmarks[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]