Lesser yellowlegs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lesser yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Tringa
Species: T. flavipes
Binomial name
Tringa flavipes
(Gmelin, 1789)
Synonyms

Totanus flavipes

The lesser yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) is a medium-sized shorebird similar in appearance to the larger greater yellowlegs. It is not closely related to this bird, however, but instead to the much larger and quite dissimilar willet;[2] merely the fine, clear and dense pattern of the neck shown in breeding plumage indicates these species' actual relationships.

A medium-large shorebird, the lesser yellowlegs measures 27 cm (11 in). The legs are yellow. Compared to the greater yellowlegs, the bill is shorter (visually about the same length as the head), slim, straight, and uniformly dark. The breast is streaked and the flanks are finely marked with short bars.[3]

Their breeding habitat is clearings near ponds in the boreal forest region from Alaska to Quebec. They nest on the ground, usually in open dry locations.

They migrate to the Gulf coast of the United States and south to South America.

This species is a regular vagrant to western Europe, and the odd bird has wintered in Great Britain.

These birds forage in shallow water,[4] sometimes using their bill to stir up the water. They mainly eat insects, small fish and crustaceans.

The call of this bird is softer than that of the greater yellowlegs.

Gallery[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Tringa flavipes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Pereira, Sérgio Luiz & Baker, Alan J. (2005): Multiple Gene Evidence for Parallel Evolution and Retention of Ancestral Morphological States in the Shanks (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae). Condor 107(3): 514–526. DOI: 10.1650/0010-5422(2005)107[0514:MGEFPE]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
  3. ^ Scott, Shirley L., ed. (1994). Field Guide to the Birds of North America (2nd ed.). The National Geographic Society. pp. 114–115,137. ISBN 0-87044-692-4. 
  4. ^ www.youtube.com

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]