Lester James Peries
|Lester James Peiris|
5 April 1919 |
Dehiwela, British Ceylon
|Occupation||Film director, film producer, screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||Sumitra Peries (1964–present)|
Sri Lankabhimanya Lester James Peries (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකාභිමාන්ය ලෙස්ටර් ජේම්ස් පීරිස්) (born 5 April 1919) is an internationally acclaimed Sri Lankan film director, screenwriter, and film producer. An active filmmaker since 1949, Peries has been involved in over 28 films, including shorts and documentaries. He has received critical acclaim for directing Rekava, Gamperaliya, Nidhanaya, Golu Hadawatha, Kaliyugaya, Awaragira and Yuganthaya.
Movie Wekande Walauwa starring Ravindra Randeniya and Malini Fonseka was the Sri Lankas first ever submission for the Academy Awards and film also had screenings at many International level film festivals.
Peries's films often deal with Sri Lankan family life in rural settings and conflicted characters.
Life and career
Lester James Peries was born on 5 April 1919 in Dehiwela, Colombo, British Ceylon. Lester's father Dr. James Francis Peries had studied medicine in Scotland and his mother Ann Gertrude Winifred Jayasuria was a graduate of St. Bridget's Convent in Colombo. Jayasuriya notably was the first student to pass the Senior Cambridge exam at the school. Lester had three siblings: Erica, Ivan and Noel.
The Peries family was a Roman Catholic family that had become anglicised. Growing up Lester only spoke English at home and celebrated Christian traditions like Christmas. His only link to Sinhala culture was his grandmother who didn't trust Western medicine and spoke Sinhalese. At the age of eleven Lester was given a 8mm Kodasko projector by his father as a gift, which ran Chaplin's silent movies. At that time, his only interest in films was when he and Ivan would haunt the cinema to watch foreign film serials which ran day after day. Lester was never involved in school drama productions, and had no idea he was going to be a film director especially since British Ceylon did not have its own national film industry at that time.
He attended St. Peter's College in Colombo as a teenager before dropping out to pursue a career in journalism at the age of 17. He found his first work with the Daily News writing for the blue pages which was an arts supplementation. In 1939 he joined the Times of Ceylon working under Indian editor Frank Moraes. He also reviewed books on Radio Ceylon for a short period.
Peries first real work with production came when he joined a theatre group called Drama Circle. This was a group of like minded individuals which regularly produc ed modern English plays. Here Lester was engaged in all aspects of the productions other than acting.
Stay in England
In 1947 Peries travelled to England on his mother's advice to join his brother Ivan Peries who was there on an art scholarship. Moreas suggested writing a column from the country to be published in the Times which became "Letter on the Arts from England."
During that time, filmmaking was taking off in the UK with about 400 amateur film clubs around the country. In addition, Lester's passion for the cinema was developing and he met another Sri Lankan with similar interests, Hereword Jansz. The two youngsters decided to make a film together despite Hereword having his doubts about competing with established, well-funded clubs. They began with Lester writing the script and directing while Hereword did the filming with their limited camera equipment.
Their first effort 'Soliloquy' (1949), a short film, won the Mini Cinema Cup for displaying the best technical proficiency. This work was followed by three other experimental films.
In 1952, the editor John Hockin told Lester of an interesting assignment he had for him – an interview with the new head of the Government Film Unit of Ceylon. At the end of the interview, the head of film unit Mr Keene inquired after Lester's own interest in making films. He knew about Lester's talent because he sat on one of the juries that presented the upcoming director with an amateur's award. Keene suggested that Lester return to Ceylon to embark on a career on film making.
Back in Ceylon
On Mr Keene's insistence returning to Ceylon in 1952, Lester joined the Government Film Unit as the assistant to the chief producer, Ralph Keene. Two major documentaries that he helped Keene with were 'Heritage of Lanka' and 'Nelungama' and he also directed 'Conquest in the Dry Zone', a documentary on controlling malaria and 'Be Safe or Be Sorry', a witty study on errant motorists.
At this time, a second cousin of Lester's suggested starting a company to produce Sinhala films by securing funds and bringing down all the necessary equipment. Lester resigned from Government film unit in 1955 and entered into the partnership contract with newly formed Chitra Lanka Limited to produce 2 films of which only one in the name of "Rekava" became a reality.
Lester's closest colleagues at the Government Film Unit, William Blake, a cameraman of Dutch descent and Titus de Silva (Titus Thotawatte), an editor, resigned with him and later worked together on a number of films.
Many of Lester's movies were critically acclaimed in international fora.
Lester met his future wife Sumitra in Paris but they did not fall for each other until Sumithra returned to Ceylon to work as an assistant in Lester's first movie "Rekava". In 1964, Lester married Sumitra Gunawardene in All Saints Church, she has earned a name for herself as a distinguished directress today.
In 1956, Lester made his entry into national cinema with the globally acclaimed "Rekava", which was a story based on village life. It was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1957 Cannes Film Festival. With this film he revolutionised Ceylonese cinema, giving it a unique identity. It was the first Ceylonese movie to be shot outdoors. Although it was acclaimed internationally it was not a commercial success. Afterward he made many award-winning films such as "Gamperaliya" in 1964 based on Martin Wickramasinghe's famous novel; "Delowak Athara" in 1966; "Golu Hadawatha" in 1968 based on the novel by Karunasena Jayalath; "Nidhanaya" in 1970; "Yuganthaya" in 1983 and many more. He has directed over 20 films.
Awards and recognition
- Cannes International Film Festival– "Fellini Gold Medal" Awarded by Unesco for outstanding film career 2003.
- Sri Lankabhimanya The highest Civil Honour of Sri Lanka (2007).
- Recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 31st International Film Festival of India (2000)
- Commandeur (commander) in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) from the French government (1997)
- Diploma of Honour Venice Film Festival for the film "Conquest in the Dry Zone" (1954)
- The Mini Cinema Cup for the short film "Soliloquy" for displaying the best technical proficiency by the Institute of Amateur and Experimental Film Makers Festival -Great Britain (1951)
- Amateur Cine World Silver Plaque for the experimental film "Farewell to Childhood" – ten best films of the year – Great Britain (1950)
- Issue of a National Stamp dedicated to Lester on 5 April 2002
- A hybrid orchid was named after Dr Lester James Peries on 11 March 2004 – Ascocenda Lester Peries
- Be Safe or Be Sorry-16 min, 1955
- Conquest in the dry Zone-14 min, 1954
- Soliloquy-12 min, 1951
- Farewell to Childhood-14 min, 1950
- A Sinhalese Dance-08 min, 1950
Autobiography- Lester by Lester James Peries. Lester talks about the 20 films he has made in 20 chapters, 212 pages with photographs in the book Lester by Lester released 21 April 2007 ISBN 978-955-1266-73-8 published by Vijitha Yapa Publications, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
- "Nidhanaya". BFI. 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- "Lester James Peries and Clint Eastwood to receive UNESCO's Fellini Gold Medal at Cannes Festival". UNESCO. 2003. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- "Lester James Peries: A Pioneer of a Tradition". FIPRESKI. 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- "3rd Moscow International Film Festival (1963)". MIFF. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "14th Moscow International Film Festival (1985)". MIFF. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Lester by Lester- Chronicling the creativity of a lifetime". Daily News. 25 April 2007.
- Sri Lanka Sinhala Cinema Database – Dr. Lester James Peries
- Lester James Peries at the Internet Movie Database
- Official Website of Lester James Peries in association with Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Sri Lanka