House of Leszczyński

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House of Leszczyński
Herb Leszczyński.png
Wieniawa
Country Poland, France
Titles
Founded Free election, 1704
Final ruler Stanisław I (in Poland)
Maria Leszczyńska (in France)
Ethnicity Polish

House of Leszczyński (plural: Leszczyńscy, feminine form: Leszczyńska) was a Polish aristocratic family. Magnates in the First Republic of Poland.

History[edit]

The Leszczyński family was a magnate family. In 1473 (and not in 1476), Rafał Leszczyński obtained from Emperor Frederick III the title of count. This title was conferred on "the entire family". The last representative of the main family, Stanisław Leszczyński, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and later Duke of Lorraine, died in 1766. The family name derives from Leszczyna, now a suburb of Leszno, Greater Poland. The family had its greatest importance in the late 16th and early 17th century when they were ardent supporters of Calvinism and turned their estates Leszno and Baranów Sandomierski into major centres of the Polish Reformed Church.

Coat of arms and motto[edit]

The Leszczyński family used the Clan Wieniawa arms and their motto was: "Qui Lescynsciorum genus ignorat, Poloniae ignorat"

Notable family members[edit]

Famous descendants[edit]

Among the descendants of Stanisław Leszczyński were four Kings of France and Navarre, two Kings of the Two Sicilies, two Kings of Etruria, two Kings of Italy (simultaneously one Emperor of Ethiopia and one King of the Albanians), four Kings and one Queen of Spain, two Emperors of Brazil (simultaneously one King of Portugal and Algarve), five Kings and one Queen of Portugal and Algarve, one Emperor of Austria (simultaneously one King of Hungary), five Kings of Saxony, four Kings of Belgium, one King of Bavaria, one Tsar of Bulgaria, three Kings of Romania, one King of Yugoslavia, two Princes of Lichtenstein, two Grand Dukes and two Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, several Queen consorts and several titular Kings.

Tree[edit]

Palaces[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Title of Stanisław Leszczyński since 9 July 1737, after him the Duchy has been inherited by his son-in-law, king Louis XV of France and incorporated in his dominions
  2. ^ Title of Maria Leszczyńska
  3. ^ Granted by Emperor Frederick III on the Leszczyński family