Letalnica bratov Gorišek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Letalnica Bratov Gorišek)
Jump to: navigation, search


Letalnica bratov Gorišek
Flying hill by brothers Gorišek
Velikanka bratov Gorišek
Letalnica / Velikanka
Planica1Letalnica20080314.JPG
Location
City or Town Planica
Country Slovenia
Opened Premiere hill test:
6 March 1969
Official opening:
21 March 1969
Renovated 1979, 1985, 1994, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2015
Size
K-spot K-200
Hill size HS225
Hill record longest jump - fall:
Finland Janne Ahonen
240 m / 787 ft
official:
Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren
239 m / 784 ft
Championships
World Championships *1972 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1979 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1985 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1994 Ski Flying World Chp.
*2004 Ski Flying World Chp.
*2010 Ski Flying World Chp.

Letalnica bratov Gorišek (also: Letalnica, Velikanka bratov Gorišek, Velikanka) is a ski flying hill opened in 1969 at Planica, Slovenia and named after their constructors.

Hill was constructed by Slovenian engineer brothers Lado Gorišek and Janez Gorišek. It's the biggest of totally eight hills at Planica Nordic Center. First jumper who tested the hill was yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman who jumped 135 meters on 6th march 1969 when they were testing the hill. The first ever FIS Ski-Flying World Championships was held on this hill. After Matti Nykänen set world record 191 meters at SFWC 1985, new rule by FIS was accepted where no points for jumps over this distance was awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Toni Nieminen jumped 203 meters and became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred meters fully standing on the feet. This is the hill where the most ski jumping world records were set.

History[edit]

1967-1968[edit]

Janez Gorišek
Lado Gorišek

Letalnica bratov Gorišek (original name: Velikanka bratov Gorišek) was constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors and engineers brothers Lado Gorišek and Janez Gorišek. At the time leading engineer of Planica Stano Pelan propose to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka but they rather decided for new location.

Janez Gorišek was then as an enginner and constructor working in Lybia where he draw a plan and profile for Letalnica. Lado Gorišek was then, when brother was still working in Africa, actually in charge and leading the comlete construction alone. They exchanged the long letters about the progress of hill construction. It started in 1967 and was competleted in 1968. Original calculation point was at K-153, steepest landing zone part at 42°24' (degrees), inrun length of 145 meters, with height difference 127 meters between take-off table and bottom of the hill.

1969-1985[edit]

On February 1969 they built a new judge tower at 100 meters, which was 12 meters high and 8 meters wide. On 6 March 1969 hill was first time tested and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was honored to be the first man to jump on the hill. From the second gate he jumped 135 meters and set the first hill record.[1]

Hill was officially opened on 21-23 March 1969 three day competition called KOP Ski Flying (also: Planica Ski Flying week). There were 60 jumpers from 15 countries. Three days of competition with three jumps each day: 1 best jump from Friday competition and two best jumps from each Saturday and Sunday counted for final result. Jiří Raška was the winner where a total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. World record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 meters set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.

In 1972 first ever FIS Ski-Flying World Championships was organized in Planica. First ski flying world champion became Walter Steiner from Switzerland. Calculation point was changed to K-165.

Beno Hvala (1969); TV director and inventor of slow motion

In 1974 KOP Ski Flying event (also: Planica Ski Flying week) event was organized for the second time and the winner was Walter Steiner who jumped 169 meters and tied the world record from Oberstdorf a year before set by Heinz Wossipiwo from East Germany. Steiner jumped even 177 meters but he fell. Calculation point was at K-165.

In 1977 KOP Ski Flying event KOP Ski Flying (also: Planica Ski Flying week) was organized for the third and the last time. Winner of the competition was Reinhold Bachler from Austria who jumped 172 meters and set the new hill. Home athlete Bogdan Norčič from Yugoslavia jumped 181 meters but he fell. Calculation point was still at K-165.

Three Egrets flying in swarming formation; symbol of ski flying and official logo of Planica since 1974. Logo was designed by Bine Rogelj and Angelo Oman.

In 1984 organizing committee decided to renovate and enlarge the hill in honor of Planica 50th anniversary. This was the first bigger hill renovation work and was in majority of works were done in summer and fall of this year. Soldiers from Yugoslavian army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at this project under leadership of the hill constructors brothers Gorišek. 1500 m3 of material was dug out and filled in on a landing zone, 300 m3 of material was dug out of inrun. They built a totally new inrun tower of steel, replacing the old one from wood and take-off table was pushed back for 5 meters.

In 1985 new hill was ready for the 8th Ski Flying World Championships. On the Friday's official training three new world records were set. First Mike Holland jumped 186 meters and Matti Nykänen later 187 and 191 meters. This last Nykänen's world record scared and confused FIS so much that the next season new unreasonable rule was introduced in ski flying where points for jumps only up to 191 meters and no more were awarded to prevent world record hunting. On Saturday infront of a crowd of 100,000 people three series of jumps were performed and the world champion became Matti Nykänen.

Within the complete renovation of ski jumping infrastructure in the Planica Nordic Center flying hill will be modernized and enlarged. New profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek together with his son Sebastjan Gorišek who is also constructor and engineer. The renovation is expected to be ready and completed for the 2015 World Cup Final. The hill's new calculation point will be at K-200, hill size at HS225 (just like the Vikersund hill) and new height difference of 136.5 meters. By the new FIS rules excepted in June 2013, new fall line will be at 5° angle instead of 0° as it was until this date. Inrun take-off table will be built in the way to be easily adjusted at the next enlargments of the hill without any major works to be necessary. They will build a totally new concrete inrun tower, take-off table will be lifted for 5 meters and pushed back for 12-13 meters from present table.

[edit]

Egret as the symbol of ski flying and official logo of Planica was designed by Bine Rogelj and Angelo Oman in 1974. This year logo was first time introduced at KOP Ski Flying weekend in Planica in honour of 40th anniversary of international ski jumping in this famous valley. Slovene ski jumper and painter Bine Rogelj at first had a plan to engrave image of an Egret flying on a tombstone of another famous Slovene ski jumper Janez Polda. Slovene architect Angelo Oman and Rogelj together made a final decision of a new logo with three egrets flying in swarming formation. [2]

List of all winners[edit]

Landing zone (2005)
Old inrun (2005)
Old inrun (2005)
Date Size Winner Second Third Competition
21-23-Mar-1969 K153 Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška Norway Bjørn Wirkola East Germany Manfred Wolf KOP Ski Flying
26-Mar-1972 K165 Switzerland Walter Steiner East Germany Heinz Wosipiwo Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška SFWC I
15-17-Mar-1974 K165 Switzerland Walter Steiner Finland Esko Rautionaho Norway Dag Fossum KOP Ski Flying
18-20-Mar-1977 K165 Austria Reinhold Bachler East Germany Thomas Meisinger Czechoslovakia Ladislav Jirásko KOP Ski Flying
17-18-Mar-1979 K185 Austria Armin Kogler East Germany Axel Zitzmann Poland Piotr Fijas SFWC V
16-17-Mar-1985 K185 Finland Matti Nykänen East Germany Jens Weißflog Czechoslovakia Pavel Ploc SFWC VIII
14-Mar-1987 K185 Austria Andreas Felder Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl West Germany Thomas Klauser World Cup
15-Mar-1987 K185 Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Matjaž Zupan Poland Piotr Fijas World Cup
23-Mar-1991 K185 Sweden Staffan Tällberg Switzerland Stephan Zünd Germany André Kiesewetter World Cup
24-Mar-1991 K185 Germany Ralph Gebstedt Austria Stefan Horngacher Germany Dieter Thoma World Cup
19-Mar-1994 K185 first day of individual SFWC competition was cancelled due to strong wind SFWC XIII - Day 1 / World Cup
20-Mar-1994 K185 Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon SFWC XIII - Day 2 / World Cup
20 March 1994 - Final Result Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon SFWC XIII - World Champion
22-Mar-1997 K185 Japan Takanobu Okabe Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Finland Jani Soininen World Cup
23-Mar-1997 K185 Japan Akira Higashi Slovenia Primož Peterka Norway Lasse Ottesen World Cup
19-Mar-1999 K185 Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Germany Christof Duffner World Cup
20-Mar-1999 K185 Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Noriaki Kasai World Cup
21-Mar-1999 K185 Japan Noriaki Kasai Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt World Cup
18-Mar-2000 K185 Germany Germany
Sven Hannawald
Hansjörg Jäkle
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
Finland Finland
Ville Kantee
Risto Jussilainen
Jani Soininen
Janne Ahonen
Japan Japan
Takanobu Okabe
Kazuyoshi Funaki
Hideharu Miyahira
Noriaki Kasai
World Cup - Team
19-Mar-2000 K185 Germany Sven Hannawald Finland Janne Ahonen Austria Andreas Goldberger World Cup
17-Mar-2001 K185 Finland Finland
Jussi Hautamäki
Risto Jussilainen
Tami Kiuru
Veli-Matti Lindström
Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Andreas Goldberger
Martin Koch
Stefan Horngacher
Japan Japan
Hideharu Miyahira
Kazuya Yoshioka
Masahiko Harada
Noriaki Kasai
World Cup - Team
18-Mar-2001 K185 Germany Martin Schmitt Finland Risto Jussilainen Norway Tommy Ingebrigtsen World Cup
23-Mar-2002 K185 Finland Finland
Matti Hautamäki
Veli-Matti Lindström
Risto Jussilainen
Janne Ahonen
Germany Germany
Christof Duffner
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
Sven Hannawald
Austria Austria
Martin Koch
Andreas Widhölzl
Andreas Goldberger
Wolfgang Loitzl
World Cup - Team
24-Mar-2002 K185 individual competition was cancelled due to bad weather conditions World Cup
21-Mar-2003 K185 Finland Finland
Veli-Matti Lindström
Janne Ahonen
Tami Kiuru
Matti Hautamäki
Norway Norway
Henning Stensrud
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Roar Ljøkelsøy
Tommy Ingebrigtsen
Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Stefan Thurnbichler
Florian Liegl
Andreas Widhölzl
World Cup - Team
22-Mar-2003 K185 Finland Matti Hautamäki Poland Adam Małysz Austria Martin Höllwarth World Cup
23-Mar-2003 K185 Finland Matti Hautamäki Germany Sven Hannawald Japan Hideharu Miyahira World Cup
20-21-Feb-2004 K185 Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Finland Janne Ahonen Finland Tami Kiuru SFWC XVIII - Individual
22-Feb-2004 K185 Norway Norway Finland Finland Austria Austria SFWC XVIII - Team
19-Mar-2005 K185 — HS215 Finland Matti Hautamäki Austria Andreas Widhölzl Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren World Cup
20-Mar-2005 K185 — HS215 Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Andreas Widhölzl World Cup
18-Mar-2006 K185 — HS215 Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Martin Koch World Cup
19-Mar-2006 K185 — HS215 Finland Janne Happonen Austria Martin Koch Slovenia Robert Kranjec World Cup
23-Mar-2007 K185 — HS215 Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Jernej Damjan World Cup
24-Mar-2007 K185 — HS215 Poland Adam Małysz Norway Anders Jacobsen Austria Martin Koch World Cup
25-Mar-2007 K185 — HS215 Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch World Cup
14-Mar-2008 K185 — HS215 Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Finland Janne Ahonen Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren World Cup
15-Mar-2008 K185 — HS215 Norway Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Finland Finland
Janne Happonen
Matti Hautamäki
Jussi Hautamäki
Janne Ahonen
Austria Austria
Martin Koch
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
World Cup - Team
16-Mar-2008 K185 — HS215 Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Martin Koch Finland Janne Happonen World Cup
20-Mar-2009 K185 — HS215 Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Poland Adam Małysz Russia Dimitry Vassiliev World Cup
21-Mar-2009 K185 — HS215 Norway Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Poland Poland
Kamil Stoch
Łukasz Rutkowski
Stefan Hula
Adam Małysz
Russia Russia
Denis Kornilov
Pavel Karelin
Ilya Rosliakov
Dimitry Vassiliev
World Cup - Team
22-Mar-2009 K185 — HS215 Finland Harri Olli Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann
Slovenia Robert Kranjec
World Cup
19-20-Mar-2010 K185 — HS215 Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Norway Anders Jacobsen SFWC XXI - Individual
21-Mar-2010 K185 — HS215 Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Thomas Morgenstern
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Norway Norway
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Finland Finland
Janne Happonen
Olli Muotka
Matti Hautamäki
Harri Olli
SFWC XXI - Team
18-Mar-2011 K185 — HS215 Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Thomas Morgenstern Austria Martin Koch World Cup
19-Mar-2011 K185 — HS215 Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Norway Norway
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Tom Hilde
Slovenia Slovenia
Peter Prevc
Jernej Damjan
Jurij Tepeš
Robert Kranjec
World Cup - Team
20-Mar-2011 K185 — HS215 Poland Kamil Stoch Slovenia Robert Kranjec Poland Adam Małysz World Cup
16-Mar-2012 K185 — HS215 Slovenia Robert Kranjec Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch World Cup
17-Mar-2012 K185 — HS215 Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Martin Koch
Norway Norway
Rune Velta
Anders Fannemel
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Anders Bardal
Germany Germany
Maximilian Mechler
Severin Freund
Andreas Wank
Richard Freitag
World Cup - Team
18-Mar-2012 K185 — HS215 Austria Martin Koch Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Robert Kranjec World Cup
22-Mar-2013 K185 — HS215 Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Slovenia Peter Prevc Poland Piotr Żyła World Cup
23-Mar-2013 K185 — HS215 Slovenia Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Peter Prevc
Andraž Pograjc
Robert Kranjec
Norway Norway
Rune Velta
Kim René Elverum Sorsell
Anders Bardal
Andreas Stjernen
Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Stefan Kraft
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
World Cup - Team
24-Mar-2013 K185 — HS215 Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Norway Rune Velta Slovenia Peter Prevc World Cup

*1994 FIS Ski Flying World Championships also counted as World Cup competition.

Medal table[edit]

Letalnica (1969)
Supporters in Planica (1969)
 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Austria 12 7 13 32
2  Finland 9 8 4 21
3  Norway 7 12 6 25
4  Germany 5 3 5 13
5  Poland 4 4 4 12
6  Japan 4 3 4 11
7   Switzerland 3 5 1 9
8  Slovenia 3 3 6 12
9  Czechoslovakia 1 0 3 4
10  Sweden 1 0 0 1
 Czech Republic 1 0 0 1
12  East Germany 0 4 1 5
13  Yugoslavia 0 1 0 1
14  Russia 0 0 2 2
15  West Germany 0 0 1 1
 Italy 0 0 1 1
Total 50 50 51 151

*List of all medalists of all indivudual and team events held on Letalnica bratov Gorišek since 1969.

Hill Record[edit]

Other records[edit]

In 2005 Bjørn E. Romøren set WR and current hill record with 239 m
  • First ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972
  • between 80,000-100,000 people has gathered on Saturday at 1985 SFWC, which is the biggest single event crowd at FIS Ski Flying World Championships ever
  • On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger jumped 202 m and became the first man ever in history who jumped over two hundred, but jump was invalid because he touched the ground
  • On 17 March 1994 Toni Nieminen jumped 203 m fully standing on feet and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred
  • On 22 March 1997 has gathered 70,000 people which is the biggest FIS Ski Jumping World Cup single event crowd ever
  • On 18 March 2000 first ever FIS Ski Flying World Cup Team event was organized
  • 30 official world records was set on this hill, the most of all
  • 11 invalid world records (fall, hand touch, seat in snow) was set on this hill, the most of all
  • 6 FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill, the most of all
  • 31 individual FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized on this hill, the most of all
  • 9 team FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized on this hill, the most of all

Broadcasting rights[edit]

Track listing[edit]

International live broadcast
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Planiške fanfare I (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"   Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Bojan Adamič (1960) 0:30
2. "Planiške fanfare II (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"   Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Vilko Ovsenik (1978) 0:30
3. "Planica, Planica"   Slavko Avsenik, Vilko Ovsenik / Marjan Stare (1979) 2:48
4. "Andromeda"   Miha Kralj (1980) 7:22
5. "Planica Slow Motion Theme (unofficial)"   Jani Golob (1997) 1:54

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "V Planici letos - nov svetovni rekord? (page 4)". dolenjski list (Slovene). 20 March 1969. 
  2. ^ Planica posters (page 6) slideshare.net, 15 june 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°28′35″N 13°43′16″E / 46.47639°N 13.72111°E / 46.47639; 13.72111