Letalnica bratov Gorišek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Letalnica Bratov Gorišek)
Jump to: navigation, search
Letalnica bratov Gorišek
Flying hill by brothers Gorišek
Letalnica / Velikanka / Velikanka bratov Gorišek
Prenovljena letalnica bratov Gorišek, marec 2015.jpg
Location Planica
Slovenia
Opened 6 March 1969 (test)
21 March 1969 (official)
Renovated 1979, 2000, 2003, 2005
Expanded 1985, 1994, 2015
Closed 2014
Size
K-spot K-200
Hill size HS 225
Hill record 248.5 m (815 ft)
Slovenia Peter Prevc
(20 Mar 2015)
Championships
World Championships FIS Ski Flying World Championships:
1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2004, 2010, 2020

Letalnica bratov Gorišek (eng.: Flying hill by brothers Gorišek; other names: Letalnica, Velikanka, Velikanka bratov Gorišek) is a 1969 ski flying hill located in Planica, Slovenia. Hill is named after the original constructors and brothers Vlado (alias "Lado") and Janez Gorišek. With total of 28 world records set it is the world leading ski jump hill in this statistics.

It's the biggest of totally eight hills at Planica Nordic Center. Yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman was honoured to made a premiere 135 m (443 ft) long jump on 6 March 1969 at hill test. The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972. After Matti Nykänen set world record 191 meters at SFWC 1985, new rule by FIS was accepted where no points for jumps over this distance was awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger touched the snow with his hand at 202 m and made first ever over two hundred meters jump, but it was invalid. Just a few minutes later Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 m and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred meters. This hill is a historic place where man for the first time jumped over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m but didn't always necessary standing on the feet.

Planica is the only candidate for FIS Ski Flying World Championships in 2020 and is currently just waiting for the official confirmation of International Ski Federation.

History[edit]

The beginnings (1967/68)[edit]

Velikanka bratov Gorišek (original name) was planned, constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors, engineers and brothers Vlado and Janez Gorišek. At the time leading engineer of Planica was a Bloudek's succeedor Stano Pelan, who proposed to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka but at the end they rather decided for totally new hill on another location.

At that time Janez Gorišek was working as an engineer in Libya where he actually draw a plan and profile for new hill called Velikanka bratov Gorišek. Construction started in summer of 1967 and was mainly completed in late 1968. During the construction Janez was still working in Africa and that's why his older brother Vlado Gorišek (more known as "Lado") was fully in charge of the construction site. Brothers communicated on the phone but they mostly exchanged long letters. Original calculation point was at K-153, steepest landing zone part at 42°24' (degrees), inrun length was 145 meters and height difference between take-off table and bottom of the hill was 127 meters.

Opening competition (1969)[edit]

In february 1969 they built a complete new judge tower at 100 meters mark, which was 12 meters high and 8 meters wide. On 6 March 1969 hill was first time tested and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was honored to be the first man to jump on the hill. He jumped 135 meters from the second gate and set the first hill record.[1]

Hill was officially opened and took three days competition from 21–23 March 1969 called KOP Ski Flying Week or Planica Ski Flying Week. There were 60 jumpers from 15 countries. Three days of competition with three jumps each day: 1 best jump from Friday competition and two best jumps from each Saturday and Sunday counted for final result. Jiří Raška was the winner where a total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. World record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 meters set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.

Beno Hvala (1969); slovenian TV director, first in Planica. Known as inventor of sports' slow motion

First ever Ski Flying World Champioships (1972)[edit]

First ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1972 was organized in Planica. Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner became the first ski flying world champion. Calculation point was changed to K-165.

KOP Ski Flying Week or. Planica Ski Flying Week 1974 event was organized for the second time and the winner was Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who jumped 169 m (544 ft) and tied the world record from Oberstdorf set in a previous year by East German ski jumper Heinz Wossipiwo. Walter Steiner jumped even 177 m (581 ft) but he touched the ground with his hands.

Three egrets logo introduced (1974)[edit]

Egret as the symbol of ski flying and official logo of Planica was designed by Bine Rogelj and Angelo Oman in 1974 at Planica Ski Flying Weekend in to honour the 40th anniversary of international ski jumping in this famous valley. Slovene ski jumper and painter Bine Rogelj at first had a plan to engrave "image of an Egret flying" on a tombstone of another famous Slovene ski jumper Janez Polda. Slovene architects Angelo Oman and Rogelj together made a final decision of a new logo with three egrets flying in swarming formation.[2]

KOP Ski Flying Week or. Planica Ski Flying Week 1977 was organized for the third and the last time in Planica. Winner of the competition was Austrian ski jumper Reinhold Bachler who jumped 172 m (564 ft) and set the new hill. Yugoslavian ski jumper Bogdan Norčič jumped 181 m (594 ft) but he fell.

The FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1979 was organized in Planica for the second time. Austrian ski jumper Armin Kogler became the world champion. East German ski jumper Klaus Ostwald tied the world record at 176 m (577 ft).

In the honor of Planica's 50th anniversary organizing committee decided to modernize the hill. First big renovation works were done in summer and fall of 1984. Soldiers from Yugoslavian army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at the conbstruction site under command of Gorišek brothers. 1500 m cubic meters of material was dug out and filled it into the landing zone. They also dug out 300 m cubic meters of material from inrun. Old wooden inrun tower was replaced with steel and take-off table pushed back for 5 meters.

Nykänen's 191 m and new controversial rule (1985)[edit]

Planica for the third time hosted FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1985. On the official training three new world records were set. First Mike Holland with 186 m and soon after Matti Nykänen with 187 m and 191 m. This last Nykänen's world record scared and confused FIS so much that in the next season new unreasonable rule in ski flying was introduced. It meant that points for jumps longer than 191 meters won't be calculated in the final score and this way stop world record race. On the first day of competiton there was a record attendance of about 80-100 thousand people. Ski flying world champion became Matti Nykänen.

New era: Sebastjan and Janez Gorišek (2015)[edit]

Within the complete renovation of ski jumping infrastructure in the Planica Nordic Center flying hill will be modernized and enlarged. New profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek together with his son Sebastjan Gorišek who is also constructor . The renovation is expected to be ready and completed for the 2015 World Cup Final. The hill's new calculation point will be at K-200, hill size at HS225 (just like at Vikersund) and new height difference of 136.5 meters. By the new FIS rules excepted in June 2013, new fall line will be at 5° angle instead of 0° as it was until this date. Inrun take-off table will be built in the way to be easily adjusted at the next enlargements of the hill without any major works to be necessary. They will build a totally new concrete inrun tower, take-off table will be lifted for 5 meters and pushed back for 12–13 meters from present table.

Events[edit]

Landing zone (2005)
Old inrun (2005)
Old inrun (2005)
Date Hillsize Competition Winner Second Third
21-23 Mar 1969 K-153 KOP Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška Norway Bjørn Wirkola East Germany Manfred Wolf
26 Mar 1972 K-165 SFWC Switzerland Walter Steiner East Germany Heinz Wosipiwo Czechoslovakia Jiří Raška
15-17 Mar 1974 K-165 KOP Switzerland Walter Steiner Finland Esko Rautionaho Norway Dag Fossum
18-20 Mar 1977 K-165 KOP Austria Reinhold Bachler East Germany Thomas Meisinger Czechoslovakia Ladislav Jirásko
17-18 Mar 1979 K-1?5 SFWC Austria Armin Kogler East Germany Axel Zitzmann Poland Piotr Fijas
16-17 Mar 1985 K-185 SFWC Finland Matti Nykänen East Germany Jens Weißflog Czechoslovakia Pavel Ploc
14 Mar 1987 K-185 WC Austria Andreas Felder Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl West Germany Thomas Klauser
15 Mar 1987 K-185 WC Norway Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Matjaž Zupan Poland Piotr Fijas
23 Mar 1991 K-185 WC Sweden Staffan Tällberg Switzerland Stephan Zünd Germany André Kiesewetter
24 Mar 1991 K-185 WC Germany Ralph Gebstedt Austria Stefan Horngacher Germany Dieter Thoma
19 Mar 1994 K-185 SFWC(d1) / WC cancelled; strong wind
20 Mar 1994 K-185 SFWC(d2) / WC Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon
World Champion at SFWC (19-20 Mar) Czech Republic Jaroslav Sakala Norway Espen Bredesen Italy Roberto Cecon
22 Mar 1997 K-185 WC Japan Takanobu Okabe Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Finland Jani Soininen
23 Mar 1997 K-185 WC Japan Akira Higashi Slovenia Primož Peterka Norway Lasse Ottesen
19 Mar 1999 K-185 WC Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Kazuyoshi Funaki Germany Christof Duffner
20 Mar 1999 K-185 WC Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt Japan Noriaki Kasai
21 Mar 1999 K-185 WC Japan Noriaki Kasai Japan Hideharu Miyahira Germany Martin Schmitt
18 Mar 2000 K-185 WC-T
first ever ski flying
team event
Germany Germany
Sven Hannawald
Hansjörg Jäkle
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
Finland Finland
Ville Kantee
Risto Jussilainen
Jani Soininen
Janne Ahonen
Japan Japan
Takanobu Okabe
Kazuyoshi Funaki
Hideharu Miyahira
Noriaki Kasai
19 Mar 2000 K-185 WC Germany Sven Hannawald Finland Janne Ahonen Austria Andreas Goldberger
17 Mar 2001 K-185 WC-T Finland Finland
Jussi Hautamäki
Risto Jussilainen
Tami Kiuru
Veli-Matti Lindström
Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Andreas Goldberger
Martin Koch
Stefan Horngacher
Japan Japan
Hideharu Miyahira
Kazuya Yoshioka
Masahiko Harada
Noriaki Kasai
18 Mar 2001 K-185 WC Germany Martin Schmitt Finland Risto Jussilainen Norway Tommy Ingebrigtsen
23 Mar 2002 K-185 WC-T Finland Finland
Matti Hautamäki
Veli-Matti Lindström
Risto Jussilainen
Janne Ahonen
Germany Germany
Christof Duffner
Martin Schmitt
Michael Uhrmann
Sven Hannawald
Austria Austria
Martin Koch
Andreas Widhölzl
Andreas Goldberger
Wolfgang Loitzl
24 Mar 2002 K-185 WC cancelled; weather conditions
21 Mar 2003 K-185 WC-T Finland Finland
Veli-Matti Lindström
Janne Ahonen
Tami Kiuru
Matti Hautamäki
Norway Norway
Henning Stensrud
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Roar Ljøkelsøy
Tommy Ingebrigtsen
Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Stefan Thurnbichler
Florian Liegl
Andreas Widhölzl
22 Mar 2003 K-185 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Poland Adam Małysz Austria Martin Höllwarth
23 Mar 2003 K-185 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Germany Sven Hannawald Japan Hideharu Miyahira
20-21 Feb 2004 K-185 SFWC-I Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Finland Janne Ahonen Finland Tami Kiuru
22 Feb 2004 K-185 SFWC-T Norway Norway Finland Finland Austria Austria
19 Mar 2005 HS 215 WC Finland Matti Hautamäki Austria Andreas Widhölzl Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren
20 Mar 2005 HS 215 WC Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Andreas Widhölzl
18 Mar 2006 HS 215 WC Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren Norway Roar Ljøkelsøy Austria Martin Koch
19 Mar 2006 HS 215 WC Finland Janne Happonen Austria Martin Koch Slovenia Robert Kranjec
23 Mar 2007 HS 215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Jernej Damjan
24 Mar 2007 HS 215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Norway Anders Jacobsen Austria Martin Koch
25 Mar 2007 HS 215 WC Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch
14 Mar 2008 HS 215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Finland Janne Ahonen Norway Bjørn Einar Romøren
15 Mar 2008 HS 215 WC-T Norway Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Finland Finland
Janne Happonen
Matti Hautamäki
Jussi Hautamäki
Janne Ahonen
Austria Austria
Martin Koch
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
16 Mar 2008 HS 215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Martin Koch Finland Janne Happonen
20 Mar 2009 HS 215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Poland Adam Małysz Russia Dimitry Vassiliev
21 Mar 2009 HS 215 WC-T Norway Norway
Tom Hilde
Johan Remen Evensen
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Poland Poland
Kamil Stoch
Łukasz Rutkowski
Stefan Hula
Adam Małysz
Russia Russia
Denis Kornilov
Pavel Karelin
Ilya Rosliakov
Dimitry Vassiliev
22 Mar 2009 HS 215 WC Finland Harri Olli Poland Adam Małysz Switzerland Simon Ammann
Slovenia Robert Kranjec
19-20 Mar 2010 HS 215 SFWC-I Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Norway Anders Jacobsen
21 Mar 2010 HS 215 SFWC-T Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Thomas Morgenstern
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Norway Norway
Anders Jacobsen
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Finland Finland
Janne Happonen
Olli Muotka
Matti Hautamäki
Harri Olli
18 Mar 2011 HS 215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Austria Thomas Morgenstern Austria Martin Koch
19 Mar 2011 HS 215 WC-T Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Norway Norway
Anders Bardal
Johan Remen Evensen
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Tom Hilde
Slovenia Slovenia
Peter Prevc
Jernej Damjan
Jurij Tepeš
Robert Kranjec
20 Mar 2011 HS 215 WC Poland Kamil Stoch Slovenia Robert Kranjec Poland Adam Małysz
16 Mar 2012 HS 215 WC Slovenia Robert Kranjec Switzerland Simon Ammann Austria Martin Koch
17 Mar 2012 HS 215 WC-T Austria Austria
Thomas Morgenstern
Andreas Kofler
Gregor Schlierenzauer
Martin Koch
Norway Norway
Rune Velta
Anders Fannemel
Bjørn Einar Romøren
Anders Bardal
Germany Germany
Maximilian Mechler
Severin Freund
Andreas Wank
Richard Freitag
18 Mar 2012 HS 215 WC Austria Martin Koch Switzerland Simon Ammann Slovenia Robert Kranjec
22 Mar 2013 HS 215 WC Austria Gregor Schlierenzauer Slovenia Peter Prevc Poland Piotr Żyła
23 Mar 2013 HS 215 WC-T Slovenia Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Peter Prevc
Andraž Pograjc
Robert Kranjec
Norway Norway
Rune Velta
Kim René Elverum Sorsell
Anders Bardal
Andreas Stjernen
Austria Austria
Wolfgang Loitzl
Stefan Kraft
Martin Koch
Gregor Schlierenzauer
24 Mar 2013 HS 215 WC Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Norway Rune Velta Slovenia Peter Prevc
20 Mar 2015 HS 225 WC Slovenia Peter Prevc Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Austria Stefan Kraft
21 Mar 2015 HS 225 WC-T  Slovenia
Jurij Tepeš
Anže Semenič
Robert Kranjec
Peter Prevc
 Austria
Stefan Kraft
Michael Hayböck
Manuel Poppinger
Gregor Schlierenzauer
 Norway
Johann André Forfang
Kenneth Gangnes
Anders Fannemel
Rune Velta
22 Mar 2015 HS 225 WC Slovenia Jurij Tepeš Slovenia Peter Prevc Norway Rune Velta

*KOP - Ski Flying Week; SFWC - Ski Flying World Championships; d - Day; WC - World Cup; T - Team; I - Individual

Hill record[edit]

Other records[edit]

  • On 17 March 1994 Austrian ski jumper Andreas Goldberger touched the ground at 202 m and became the first man ever in history who jumped over two hundred, but jump was invalid because he touched the ground with his hands.
  • On 17 March 1994 Finnish ski jumper Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 m and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred.
  • Firs ever jump over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m was set on this hill but didn't always necessary standing on the feet.
  • between 80-100 thousand people on first day of SFWC 1985 competition, biggest ever crowd in this competion and Planica.
  • On 22 March 1997 has gathered 70,000 people which is the biggest FIS Ski Jumping World Cup single event crowd ever.
  • The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972.
  • On 18 March 2000 first ever FIS Ski Flying World Cup Team event was organized.
  • 33 individual FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized, the most of all hills.
  • 10 team FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized, the most of all hills.
  • 11 invalid world records (fall, touch or. glide) were set, the most of all hills.
  • 6 FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized, the most of all hills.
  • 28 official world records were set, the most of all hills.

World Snow Day[edit]

Edition Date
1 22 Jan 2012
2 20 Jan 2013
3 19 Jan 2014
4 25 Jan 2015

Red Bull 400[edit]

It is an extreme running-up-the-hill sport event sponsored by Red Bull. It is the steepest uphill race that takes place in Europe. It is a tough 400-meter vertical sprint up the face of a ski-jump slope in Planica, Slovenia. Runners have to beat 400 meters distance from bottom to the top of the inrun of the flying hill. Runners coming from all over Europe have to beat steepest part at 38° angle.

TV Directors[edit]

  • Beno Hvala - 1969, 1972, 1974, 1979
  • Stane Škodlar - 1974, 1977, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999-2006
  • Dejan Čretnik - 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015

Track listing[edit]

International live broadcast
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Planiške fanfare I (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"   Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Bojan Adamič (1960) 0:30
2. "Planiške fanfare II (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"   Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Vilko Ovsenik (1978) 0:30
3. "Planica, Planica"   Slavko Avsenik, Vilko Ovsenik / Marjan Stare (1979) 2:48
4. "Andromeda"   Miha Kralj (1980) 7:22
5. "Planica Slow Motion Theme (unofficial)"   Jani Golob (1997) 1:54

Technical data[edit]

Specifications
Inrun length 140 m[3]
Inrun angle 35°[4]
Top to bottom height difference N/A
Take-off table to bottom height difference N/A
Take-off table height N/A
Landing zone angle N/A
Hillsize 225 m
K-point 200 m

In popular culture[edit]

In 1974 Letalnica bratov Gorišek appeared as the main location in The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner, a german film directed by Werner Herzog which portrayed swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who works as a carpenter for his full-time occupation.[5]

In 1997 the landscape painting of Letalnica drawn by Vinko Bogataj appeared at the end of the footage on the American ABC's Wide World of Sports show presented by Brent Musburger. Clip shows an interview with Vinko Bogataj about his agony of defeat.[6]

In 2014 image of Letalnica bratov Gorišek was portrayed at the popular African American The Queen Latifah Show hosted by Queen Latifah. Image was used in the background at the parody sketch "Norwegian Sven Nordquist, the oldest ski jumper in Sochi".[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°28′35″N 13°43′16″E / 46.47639°N 13.72111°E / 46.47639; 13.72111