Letalnica bratov Gorišek
|Letalnica bratov Gorišek
Flying hill by brothers Gorišek
|Letalnica / Velikanka / Velikanka bratov Gorišek|
|Opened||6 March 1969 (test)
21 March 1969 (official)
|Renovated||1979, 2000, 2003, 2005|
|Expanded||1985, 1994, 2015|
|Hill size||HS 225|
|Hill record||248.5 m (815 ft)
(20 Mar 2015)
|World Championships||FIS Ski Flying World Championships:
1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2004, 2010, 2020
Letalnica bratov Gorišek (eng.: Flying hill by brothers Gorišek; other names: Letalnica, Velikanka, Velikanka bratov Gorišek) is a 1969 ski flying hill located in Planica, Slovenia. Hill is named after the original constructors and brothers Vlado (alias "Lado") and Janez Gorišek. With total of 28 world records set it is the world leading ski jump hill in this statistics.
It's the biggest of totally eight hills at Planica Nordic Center. Yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman was honoured to made a premiere 135 m (443 ft) long jump on 6 March 1969 at hill test. The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972. After Matti Nykänen set world record 191 meters at SFWC 1985, new rule by FIS was accepted where no points for jumps over this distance was awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger touched the snow with his hand at 202 m and made first ever over two hundred meters jump, but it was invalid. Just a few minutes later Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 m and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred meters. This hill is a historic place where man for the first time jumped over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m but didn't always necessary standing on the feet.
- 1 History
- 2 Events
- 3 Hill record
- 4 Other records
- 5 World Snow Day
- 6 Red Bull 400
- 7 TV Directors
- 8 Track listing
- 9 Technical data
- 10 In popular culture
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The beginnings (1967/68)
Velikanka bratov Gorišek (original name) was planned, constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors, engineers and brothers Vlado and Janez Gorišek. At the time leading engineer of Planica was a Bloudek's succeedor Stano Pelan, who proposed to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka but at the end they rather decided for totally new hill on another location.
At that time Janez Gorišek was working as an engineer in Libya where he actually draw a plan and profile for new hill called Velikanka bratov Gorišek. Construction started in summer of 1967 and was mainly completed in late 1968. During the construction Janez was still working in Africa and that's why his older brother Vlado Gorišek (more known as "Lado") was fully in charge of the construction site. Brothers communicated on the phone but they mostly exchanged long letters. Original calculation point was at K-153, steepest landing zone part at 42°24' (degrees), inrun length was 145 meters and height difference between take-off table and bottom of the hill was 127 meters.
Opening competition (1969)
In february 1969 they built a complete new judge tower at 100 meters mark, which was 12 meters high and 8 meters wide. On 6 March 1969 hill was first time tested and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was honored to be the first man to jump on the hill. He jumped 135 meters from the second gate and set the first hill record.
Hill was officially opened and took three days competition from 21–23 March 1969 called KOP Ski Flying Week or Planica Ski Flying Week. There were 60 jumpers from 15 countries. Three days of competition with three jumps each day: 1 best jump from Friday competition and two best jumps from each Saturday and Sunday counted for final result. Jiří Raška was the winner where a total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. World record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 meters set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.
First ever Ski Flying World Champioships (1972)
KOP Ski Flying Week or. Planica Ski Flying Week 1974 event was organized for the second time and the winner was Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who jumped 169 m (544 ft) and tied the world record from Oberstdorf set in a previous year by East German ski jumper Heinz Wossipiwo. Walter Steiner jumped even 177 m (581 ft) but he touched the ground with his hands.
Three egrets logo introduced (1974)
Egret as the symbol of ski flying and official logo of Planica was designed by Bine Rogelj and Angelo Oman in 1974 at Planica Ski Flying Weekend in to honour the 40th anniversary of international ski jumping in this famous valley. Slovene ski jumper and painter Bine Rogelj at first had a plan to engrave "image of an Egret flying" on a tombstone of another famous Slovene ski jumper Janez Polda. Slovene architects Angelo Oman and Rogelj together made a final decision of a new logo with three egrets flying in swarming formation.
KOP Ski Flying Week or. Planica Ski Flying Week 1977 was organized for the third and the last time in Planica. Winner of the competition was Austrian ski jumper Reinhold Bachler who jumped 172 m (564 ft) and set the new hill. Yugoslavian ski jumper Bogdan Norčič jumped 181 m (594 ft) but he fell.
The FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1979 was organized in Planica for the second time. Austrian ski jumper Armin Kogler became the world champion. East German ski jumper Klaus Ostwald tied the world record at 176 m (577 ft).
In the honor of Planica's 50th anniversary organizing committee decided to modernize the hill. First big renovation works were done in summer and fall of 1984. Soldiers from Yugoslavian army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at the conbstruction site under command of Gorišek brothers. 1500 m cubic meters of material was dug out and filled it into the landing zone. They also dug out 300 m cubic meters of material from inrun. Old wooden inrun tower was replaced with steel and take-off table pushed back for 5 meters.
Nykänen's 191 m and new controversial rule (1985)
Planica for the third time hosted FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1985. On the official training three new world records were set. First Mike Holland with 186 m and soon after Matti Nykänen with 187 m and 191 m. This last Nykänen's world record scared and confused FIS so much that in the next season new unreasonable rule in ski flying was introduced. It meant that points for jumps longer than 191 meters won't be calculated in the final score and this way stop world record race. On the first day of competiton there was a record attendance of about 80-100 thousand people. Ski flying world champion became Matti Nykänen.
New era: Sebastjan and Janez Gorišek (2015)
Within the complete renovation of ski jumping infrastructure in the Planica Nordic Center flying hill will be modernized and enlarged. New profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek together with his son Sebastjan Gorišek who is also constructor . The renovation is expected to be ready and completed for the 2015 World Cup Final. The hill's new calculation point will be at K-200, hill size at HS225 (just like at Vikersund) and new height difference of 136.5 meters. By the new FIS rules excepted in June 2013, new fall line will be at 5° angle instead of 0° as it was until this date. Inrun take-off table will be built in the way to be easily adjusted at the next enlargements of the hill without any major works to be necessary. They will build a totally new concrete inrun tower, take-off table will be lifted for 5 meters and pushed back for 12–13 meters from present table.
*KOP - Ski Flying Week; SFWC - Ski Flying World Championships; d - Day; WC - World Cup; T - Team; I - Individual
*hill/world records with fall, touch or glide.
- On 17 March 1994 Austrian ski jumper Andreas Goldberger touched the ground at 202 m and became the first man ever in history who jumped over two hundred, but jump was invalid because he touched the ground with his hands.
- On 17 March 1994 Finnish ski jumper Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 m and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred.
- Firs ever jump over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m was set on this hill but didn't always necessary standing on the feet.
- between 80-100 thousand people on first day of SFWC 1985 competition, biggest ever crowd in this competion and Planica.
- On 22 March 1997 has gathered 70,000 people which is the biggest FIS Ski Jumping World Cup single event crowd ever.
- The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972.
- On 18 March 2000 first ever FIS Ski Flying World Cup Team event was organized.
- 33 individual FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized, the most of all hills.
- 10 team FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized, the most of all hills.
- 11 invalid world records (fall, touch or. glide) were set, the most of all hills.
- 6 FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized, the most of all hills.
- 28 official world records were set, the most of all hills.
World Snow Day
|1||22 Jan 2012|
|2||20 Jan 2013|
|3||19 Jan 2014|
|4||25 Jan 2015|
Red Bull 400
It is an extreme running-up-the-hill sport event sponsored by Red Bull. It is the steepest uphill race that takes place in Europe. It is a tough 400-meter vertical sprint up the face of a ski-jump slope in Planica, Slovenia. Runners have to beat 400 meters distance from bottom to the top of the inrun of the flying hill. Runners coming from all over Europe have to beat steepest part at 38° angle.
- Beno Hvala - 1969, 1972, 1974, 1979
- Stane Škodlar - 1974, 1977, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999-2006
- Dejan Čretnik - 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015
|International live broadcast|
||Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Bojan Adamič (1960)||0:30|
|2.||"Planiške fanfare II (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"||Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Vilko Ovsenik (1978)||0:30|
|3.||"Planica, Planica"||Slavko Avsenik, Vilko Ovsenik / Marjan Stare (1979)||2:48|
||Miha Kralj (1980)||7:22|
|5.||"Planica Slow Motion Theme (unofficial)"||Jani Golob (1997)||1:54|
|Inrun length||140 m|
|Top to bottom height difference||N/A|
|Take-off table to bottom height difference||N/A|
|Take-off table height||N/A|
|Landing zone angle||N/A|
In popular culture
In 1974 Letalnica bratov Gorišek appeared as the main location in The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner, a german film directed by Werner Herzog which portrayed swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who works as a carpenter for his full-time occupation.
In 1997 the landscape painting of Letalnica drawn by Vinko Bogataj appeared at the end of the footage on the American ABC's Wide World of Sports show presented by Brent Musburger. Clip shows an interview with Vinko Bogataj about his agony of defeat.
In 2014 image of Letalnica bratov Gorišek was portrayed at the popular African American The Queen Latifah Show hosted by Queen Latifah. Image was used in the background at the parody sketch "Norwegian Sven Nordquist, the oldest ski jumper in Sochi".
- "V Planici letos - nov svetovni rekord? (page 4)" (PDF) (in Slovenian). Dolenjski List. 20 March 1969. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "Posters of Planica by Guček". slideshare.net. Retrieved 30 Mar 2015.
- "Svetovna velikanka čaka le še na skakalce" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "Iz 24UR: Velikanka čaka letalce" (in Slovenian). POP TV. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "The Great Ecstasy of the Woodcarver Steiner - Werner Herzog (full movie)". Werner Herzog Filmproduktion. Retrieved 26 Jan 2012.
- "Vinko Bogataj interview and his landscape painting of Letalnica shown at the end of the footage". ABC. Retrieved 30 Mar 2015.
- "The Oldest Ski Jumper Talks On The Queen Latifah Show (Photo of Letalnica in the background of the comedy sketch)". The Queen Latifah Show. Retrieved 2 Mar 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Letalnica.|