Letalnica bratov Gorišek
|Letalnica bratov Gorišek|
|Flying hill by brothers Gorišek
Velikanka bratov Gorišek
Letalnica / Velikanka
|City or Town||Planica|
|Opened||Premiere hill test:
6 Mar 1969 ( 45 years, 210 days)
21 Mar 1969 ( 45 years, 195 days)
|Renovated||1979, 1985, 1994, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2015|
|Hill record||longest jump - fall:
240 m (787 ft)
Bjørn Einar Romøren
239 m (784 ft)
|World Championships||*1972 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1979 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1985 Ski Flying World Chp.
*1994 Ski Flying World Chp.
*2004 Ski Flying World Chp.
*2010 Ski Flying World Chp.
Hill was constructed by Slovenian engineer brothers Lado Gorišek and Janez Gorišek. It's the biggest of totally eight hills at Planica Nordic Center. First jumper who tested the hill was Yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman who jumped 135 meters on 6th March 1969 when they were testing the hill. The first ever FIS Ski-Flying World Championships was held on this hill. After Matti Nykänen set world record 191 meters at SFWC 1985, new rule by FIS was accepted where no points for jumps over this distance was awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Toni Nieminen jumped 203 meters and became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred meters fully standing on the feet. This is the hill where the most ski jumping world records were set.
Letalnica bratov Gorišek (original name: Velikanka bratov Gorišek) was constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors and engineers brothers Lado Gorišek and Janez Gorišek. At the time leading engineer of Planica Stano Pelan propose to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka but they rather decided for new location.
Janez Gorišek was then as an engineer and constructor working in Lybia where he draw a plan and profile for Letalnica. Lado Gorišek was then, when brother was still working in Africa, actually in charge and leading the complete construction alone. They exchanged the long letters about the progress of hill construction. It started in 1967 and was completed in 1968. Original calculation point was at K-153, steepest landing zone part at 42°24' (degrees), inrun length of 145 meters, with height difference 127 meters between take-off table and bottom of the hill.
On February 1969 they built a new judge tower at 100 meters, which was 12 meters high and 8 meters wide. On 6 March 1969 hill was first time tested and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was honored to be the first man to jump on the hill. From the second gate he jumped 135 meters and set the first hill record.
Hill was officially opened on 21-23 March 1969 three day competition called KOP Ski Flying (also: Planica Ski Flying week). There were 60 jumpers from 15 countries. Three days of competition with three jumps each day: 1 best jump from Friday competition and two best jumps from each Saturday and Sunday counted for final result. Jiří Raška was the winner where a total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. World record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 meters set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.
In 1974 KOP Ski Flying event (also: Planica Ski Flying week) event was organized for the second time and the winner was Walter Steiner who jumped 169 meters and tied the world record from Oberstdorf a year before set by Heinz Wossipiwo from East Germany. Steiner jumped even 177 meters but he fell. Calculation point was at K-165.
In 1977 KOP Ski Flying event KOP Ski Flying (also: Planica Ski Flying week) was organized for the third and the last time. Winner of the competition was Reinhold Bachler from Austria who jumped 172 meters and set the new hill. Home athlete Bogdan Norčič from Yugoslavia jumped 181 meters but he fell. Calculation point was still at K-165.
In 1984 organizing committee decided to renovate and enlarge the hill in honor of Planica 50th anniversary. This was the first bigger hill renovation work and was in majority of works were done in summer and fall of this year. Soldiers from Yugoslavian army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at this project under leadership of the hill constructors brothers Gorišek. 1500 m3 of material was dug out and filled in on a landing zone, 300 m3 of material was dug out of inrun. They built a totally new inrun tower of steel, replacing the old one from wood and take-off table was pushed back for 5 meters.
In 1985 new hill was ready for the 8th Ski Flying World Championships. On the Friday's official training three new world records were set. First Mike Holland jumped 186 meters and Matti Nykänen later 187 and 191 meters. This last Nykänen's world record scared and confused FIS so much that the next season new unreasonable rule was introduced in ski flying where points for jumps only up to 191 meters and no more were awarded to prevent world record hunting. On Saturday infront of a crowd of 100,000 people three series of jumps were performed and the world champion became Matti Nykänen.
Within the complete renovation of ski jumping infrastructure in the Planica Nordic Center flying hill will be modernized and enlarged. New profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek together with his son Sebastjan Gorišek who is also constructor and engineer. The renovation is expected to be ready and completed for the 2015 World Cup Final. The hill's new calculation point will be at K-200, hill size at HS225 (just like the Vikersund hill) and new height difference of 136.5 meters. By the new FIS rules excepted in June 2013, new fall line will be at 5° angle instead of 0° as it was until this date. Inrun take-off table will be built in the way to be easily adjusted at the next enlargements of the hill without any major works to be necessary. They will build a totally new concrete inrun tower, take-off table will be lifted for 5 meters and pushed back for 12-13 meters from present table.
List of winners
*1994 FIS Ski Flying World Championships also counted as World Cup competition.
*Full list of medalists of all individual/team events held at Letalnica since 1969.
* WRs set in 1974 and 1979 were tied with other flying hills.
*world records with fall, touch or glide.
- First ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill in 1972
- between 80,000-100,000 people has gathered on Saturday at 1985 SFWC, which is the biggest single event crowd at FIS Ski Flying World Championships ever
- On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger jumped 202 m and became the first man ever in history who jumped over two hundred, but jump was invalid because he touched the ground
- On 17 March 1994 Toni Nieminen jumped 203 m fully standing on feet and officially became the first man in history who jumped over two hundred
- On 22 March 1997 has gathered 70,000 people which is the biggest FIS Ski Jumping World Cup single event crowd ever
- On 18 March 2000 first ever FIS Ski Flying World Cup Team event was organized
- 30 official world records was set on this hill, the most of all
- 11 invalid world records (fall, hand touch, seat in snow) was set on this hill, the most of all
- 6 FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized on this hill, the most of all
- 31 individual FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized on this hill, the most of all
- 9 team FIS Ski Flying World Cup events was organized on this hill, the most of all
Egret as the symbol of ski flying and official logo of Planica was designed by Bine Rogelj and Angelo Oman in 1974. This year logo was first time introduced at KOP Ski Flying weekend in Planica in honour of 40th anniversary of international ski jumping in this famous valley. Slovene ski jumper and painter Bine Rogelj at first had a plan to engrave image of an Egret flying on a tombstone of another famous Slovene ski jumper Janez Polda. Slovene architect Angelo Oman and Rogelj together made a final decision of a new logo with three egrets flying in swarming formation. 
|International live broadcast|
||Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Bojan Adamič (1960)||0:30|
|2.||"Planiške fanfare II (Oj, Triglav, moj dom)"||Jakob Aljaž (1896); arranged by Vilko Ovsenik (1978)||0:30|
|3.||"Planica, Planica"||Slavko Avsenik, Vilko Ovsenik / Marjan Stare (1979)||2:48|
||Miha Kralj (1980)||7:22|
|5.||"Planica Slow Motion Theme (unofficial)"||Jani Golob (1997)||1:54|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Letalnica.|
- Official website planica.info
- Planica Nordic Center nc-planica.si
- Planica - Sport Institute of Republic of Slovenia zsrs-planica.si
- Live webcam - Bloudkova velikanka from yard of Čaplja
- Live webcam - Letalnica from road up to hill
- Live webcam - Letalnica from judge tower