Leucaena

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Leucaena
Leucaena glauca.jpg
Leucaena leucocephala
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Mimoseae
Genus: Leucaena
Benth.
Type species
Leucaena glauca
Benth.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Caudoleucaena Britton & Rose
Ryncholeucaena Britton & Rose[2]

Leucaena is a genus of flowering plants in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the legume family Fabaceae. It contains about 24 species of trees and shrubs, which are commonly known as Leadtrees.[3] They are native to the Americas, ranging from Texas in the United States south to Peru.[4] The generic name is derived from the Greek word λευκός (leukos), meaning "white," referring to the flowers.[5]

Uses[edit]

Leucaena species are grown for their variety of uses, including as green manure, a charcoal source, livestock fodder, and for soil conservation. The seeds (jumbie beans) can be used as beads. Leucaena planted for firewood on an area of 120 km2 (46 sq mi) will yield an energy equivalent of 1 million barrels of oil per year. Anthelmintic medicines are made from extracts of Leucaena seeds in Sumatra, Indonesia.[4]

Some species (namely Leucaena leucocephala) have edible fruits (as unripe) and seeds. The seeds of guaje (Leucaena esculenta) are eaten with salt in Mexico. In other species high levels of mimosine may lead to hair loss and infertility in non-ruminants.[4]

List of species[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leucaena Benth.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  2. ^ "Leucaena Benth.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Leucaena". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Mabberley, D.J. (1997). The Plant-Book: A portable dictionary of the vascular plants (2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 406. ISBN 978-0-521-41421-0. 
  5. ^ Glen, Hugh (2004). Sappi What's in a Name?. Jacana Media. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-77009-040-8. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Nugent, Jeff; Julia Boniface (2004). Permaculture Plants: A Selection (2nd ed.). Chelsea Green Publishing. pp. 24–26. ISBN 978-1-85623-029-2. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Grandtner, Miroslav M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees 1. Elsevier. pp. 473–475. ISBN 978-0-444-51784-5. 
  8. ^ a b "Species Records of Leucaena". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  9. ^ Hartman, T. P. V; J. Jones; N. W. Blackhall; J. B. Power; E. C. Cocking; M. R. Davey (2000). "Cytogenetics, Molecular Cytogenetics, and Genome Size in Leucaena (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae)". In Helmut Guttenberger. Cytogenetic Studies of Forest Trees and Shrubs: Review, Present Status, and Outlook on the Future: Proceedings of the Second IUFRO Cytogenetics Working Party S2.04.08 Symposium, September 6–12, 1998, Graz, Austria: 57–70. 

External links[edit]