Liang (surname)

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"Leung" redirects here. For the Chinese weight unit, see tael.
Liang (梁)
Leung Writing.svg
Origin
Meaning "a beam", "a bridge", or "an elevation", or "a mast"
Other names
Variant(s) Leung, Leong, Lyang, Yang
Transliteration Regions
Liang China, Chinese Indonesians
Leung Hong Kong
Leong Macau, Malaysia, Singapore
Neo/Nio/Niu Hokkien, Teochew, Hainan
Nio Chinese Indonesians
Ryang, Yaung, Lyang Japan
Yang(양) Korea
Lương Vietnam

Liang (Romanization used in China, Chinese: ) is a surname common in East Asia. Meaning "a beam", "a bridge", or "an elevation", or "a mast",[1] the surname is often transliterated as Leung (in Hong Kong) or Leong (in Macau, Malaysia, and Singapore) according to its Cantonese pronunciation, or Neo / Nio / Niu (Hokkien, Teochew, Hainan). To Chinese Indonesians, it is known as Liang or Nio. It is also common in Korea, where it is pronounced Yang 양 , and in Vietnam, where it is pronounced Lương.

History[edit]

The first Liang was Liang Kang Hou who was the ruler of the State of Liang, in what is now Gansu Province in the northwestern part of China. The State of Liang existed during the Zhou Dynasty of 1027 BC to 221 BC. The descendants of Liang Kang Hou retained the name Liang as their surname in memory of the Liang state when it was annexed by the neighboring State of Qin in 641 BC.

During the Eastern Han period, a time when the Han Dynasty was in chaos and decline, a power struggle ensued between three rival groups, the powerful eunuchs, the cliques of officials and the consort families of which the Liang was one. This was largely due to the fact that starting in 88 AD, minors were placed on the throne and hence effective control of the Dynasty was in the hands of Regents. There were three successive empresses starting with Liang Na, Liang Ji and Liang Mengnu.

According to Witold Rodziński's The Walled Kingdom (1984), "the Liang family, by providing three empresses, became the effective ruler of the country by the middle of the second century, and its members accumulated a vast number of key posts. However, its rivals, the eunuchs, were able, due to their influence on the new emperor, to bring about its downfall, and the whole Liang clan was reduced in 159AD."

In 159AD a eunuch gang in the service of Emperor Huan of Han slaughtered relatives of the Empress Dowager Liang, effectively bringing an end to the Imperial aspirations of the Liang family.

Notable people with the surname 梁[edit]

Chinese

Vietnamese

Korean

References[edit]

  1. ^ 康熙字典, page: 528