Leupp, looking west to the San Francisco Peaks
Location in Coconino County and the state of Arizona
|• Total||13.6 sq mi (35.1 km2)|
|• Land||13.6 sq mi (35.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||4,763 ft (1,452 m)|
|• Density||70/sq mi (27/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0024010|
During World War II, an abandoned Bureau of Indian Affairs boarding school in Leupp was used as the Leupp Isolation Center, for Japanese American internees considered to be "troublemakers" by camp authorities. The first inmates were transferred from Manzanar by way of Leupp's predecessor, the Moab Isolation Center. After a December 1942 clash between camp guards and several hundred Japanese American internees, in which two prisoners were killed, nine prisoners and one guard injured, the 16 men who had instigated the protests were removed from camp and placed in surrounding town jails. While they waited in jail (without being charged with a crime or allowed a hearing) War Relocation Authority officials converted a former Civilian Conservation Corps camp outside Moab, Utah into a temporary isolation center for "noncompliant" Japanese Americans. The 16 men from Manzanar arrived in Moab on January 11, 1943. Over the next three months, another 25 "troublemakers" — mostly men who had resisted the WRA's attempts to assess the loyalty of incarcerated Japanese Americans — were brought to Moab, and on April 27 most of the population was transferred to Leupp. (Five men, serving sentences in the nearby county jail after protesting conditions in the isolation center, were transported to Leupp in a five-by-six-foot box on the back of a truck. Their separate transportation was arranged by Moab director Francis Frederick, who had also handed down their sentences for "unlawful assembly.")
The 49 transfers from Moab were eventually joined in Leupp by additional internees from Tule Lake, Topaz and other camps. Leupp housed a population of approximately 50-60 prisoners at a time, with a total of 80 Japanese Americans passing through the isolation center while it was in operation. The 52 inmates then residing in Leupp were transferred to the stockade at Tule Lake (converted to a segregation center for "disloyal" Japanese Americans earlier that year) on December 2, 1943. The camp technically remained open, retained with minimal maintenance, until September 20, 1944, when the site was returned to Department of the Interior authority.
Leupp is located at (35.297522, -111.005673).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35.1 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.05%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 970 people, 228 households, and 206 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 73.9 people per square mile (28.5/km²). There were 277 housing units at an average density of 21.1/sq mi (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.14% Native American, 0.62% White, 0.10% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 228 households out of which 54.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 29.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.6% were non-families. 9.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.25 and the average family size was 4.53.
In the CDP the age distribution of the population shows 43.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $21,458, and the median income for a family was $29,219. Males had a median income of $28,661 versus $24,531 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,137. About 29.4% of families and 33.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.0% of those under age 18 and 43.1% of those age 65 or over.
Leupp is zoned to schools in the Flagstaff Unified School District which offers a Preschool to 8th grade curriculum.
There is current construction on the rebuilding of the B.I.A. Boarding School across the highway from Leupp Public School.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Leupp CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- Leupp Isolation Center, Arizona at National Park Service
- Hansen, Arthur A. "Moab/Leupp Isolation Centers" Densho Encyclopedia (accessed 17 Jun 2014).
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.