Lev Kiszka

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Lev Kiszka
Metropolitan of Kiev
Leŭ Kiška. Леў Кішка.jpg
Church Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Appointed 17 September 1714
Term ended 19 November 1728
Predecessor Yurij Vynnyckyj
Successor Atanasy Sheptycky
Orders
Consecration 15 March 1711 (Bishop)
by Yurij Vynnyckyj
Personal details
Birth name Luka Kiszka
Born 1663
Kovel, Volhynian
Died 19 November 1728 (aged 64–65)
Kupieczow, near Volodymyr

Luka Lev Kiszka (Belarusian: Леў Кішка, Ukrainian: Лев Кишка, Polish: Leon Kiszka) (1663—1728) was the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galicia and Russia of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1714 to his death in 1728. He was also a writer, and theologian.

Life[edit]

Luka Lev Kiszka was born in Kovel, in Volhynian, from a noble family in the year 1663.[1] Still young he joined the Order of Saint Basil the Great and he studied in Byten (Ivatsevichy Raion). On 6 December 1687, already ordained a priest, he entered in the Pontifical Urbaniana University, in Rome, where he studied till 1691. Returned in his country, he served as hieromonk in various Basilian monasteries. In 1797 he became Hegumen of the monastery of the Holy Trinity in Vilnius and in 1799 he was appointed Archimandrite of the monastery of Polotsk. In 1698 he was elected secretary of the Basilian Order, of which he became Proto-Archimandrite (i.e. Superior general of the whole Order) in September 1703 for his first four-years term.[1]

Kiszka ruled the Basilian Order in a very difficult period, during the Great Northern War (1700-1721), and under the persecutions of Peter I of Russia against the Greek Catholic Church, as the murdering of Basilian monks on 11 July 1705 in Polotsk.[2] He settled a typography and worked at printing religious and liturgical books.

Kiszka was re-elected Proto-Archimandrite of the Order and in 1611[3] he was appointed bishop of the eparchy of Volodymyr-Brest. Accordingly, he was consecrated bishop 15 March 1711 by the hands of Metropolitan Yurij Vynnyckyj in Sambir.[4]

At the death of Metropolitan Vynnyckyj in September 1713, Kiszka became administrator of the Church,[3] and on 17 September 1714[5] he was formally confirmed Metropolitan of Kiev by Pope Paul V.

Kiszka died in the village of Kupieczow, near Volodymyr, where he was buried, on 19 November 1728.

Synod of Zamość[edit]

Kiszka's more important result as Metropolitan of Kiev was the Synod of Zamość, opened on 26 August 1720, in which were codified the canons of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The synod issued nineteen chapters, concerning the faith (1), the predication (2), the sacraments (3), the diocesan organization (4 to 10), the monasteries (11, 12), the ecclesiastic estates (13, 14), the liturgical year and the saints (16, 17), and the promulgations of the canons (18, 19). The acts of the synod were approved by Rome on 5 December 1722.[6]

Works[edit]

Kiszka was a prolific writer. Among his works we remember:[1]

  • About the Sacraments, in Ukrainian, 1697
  • The see of grace, or of the miracles of the Virgin Mary, in Polish, 1714
  • Sermons of Metropolitan Ipatii Potii, 1714
  • Instruction for parish priests and catechism for people, 1722
  • Manuscript with various historical notes, which includes an Ecclesiastic History of the South of Russia from the original documents, lives of notable Basilian monks, a political history of Europe.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Welykyv, Athanasius (1959). "Leonis Kiszka Biographia". Epistolae metropolitarum Kioviensium catholicorum Leonis Kiska, Athanasii Szeptyckyj, Floriani Hrebnyckyj. Analecta OSBM. Serie 2. Sectio 3. Rome. pp. 5–7. 
  2. ^ See Mord bazylianów w Połocku and Historia o pozabiianiu bazilianów w połockiey cerkwi przez cara moskiewskiego etc. w roku 1705tym, dnia 30 Junia starego. Paris: Renou at Maulde. 1863. 
  3. ^ a b Blazejowsky, Dmytro (1990). Hierarchy of the Kyivan Church (861-1990). Rome. pp. 252, 297. 
  4. ^ Pelesz, Julian (1881). Geschichte der Union der ruthenischen Kirche mit Rom. Woerl. pp. 299, 300, 472. 
  5. ^ Remigius Ritzler (1952). Hierarchia catholica Medii aevi sive summorum pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series 5. Padua. p. 233. 
  6. ^ For details on the synod, see de Clercq, Charles (1949). Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, Tome XI Conciles des Orientaux Catholiques 1. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. pp. 159–181.