|Born||Lev Vladimirovich Kuleshov
13 January [O.S. 1 January] 1899
Tambov, Russian Empire (now Russia)
|Died||29 March 1970
Moscow, Soviet Union (now Russia)
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter|
|Years active||1916 – 1943|
Lev Vladimirovich Kuleshov (Russian: Лев Влади́мирович Кулешо́в; 13 January [O.S. 1 January] 1899 – 29 March 1970) was a Soviet filmmaker and film theorist who taught at and helped establish the world's first film school, the Moscow Film School.
Kuleshov may well be the very first film theorist as he was a leader in Soviet montage theory — developing his theories of editing before those of Sergei Eisenstein (briefly a student of Kuleshov) and Vsevolod Pudovkin. For Kuleshov, the essence of the cinema was editing, the juxtaposition of one shot with another. To illustrate this principle, he created what has come to be known as the Kuleshov Effect. In this now-famous editing exercise, shots of an actor were intercut with various meaningful images (a casket, a bowl of soup, and so on) in order to show how editing changes viewers' interpretations of images.
In addition to his theoretical work, Kuleshov was an active director of feature-length films until 1943. Since 1943 Kuleshov was serving as the academic rector of Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography.
|Year||English Title||Russian Title||Notes|
|1918||The Project of Engineer Prite||Проект инженера Прайта|
|1919||An Unfinished Love Song||Песнь любви недопетая|
|1920||On the Red Front||На красном фронте||short; film is lost|
|1924||The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks||Необычайные приключения мистера Веста в стране большевиков|
|1925||The Death Ray||Луч смерти|
|1926||Locomotive No. 10006||Паровоз No. 10006|
|1926||By the Law||По закону|
|1927||Your Acquaintance||Ваша знакомая (Журналистка)|
|1929||The Merry Canary||Веселая канарейка|
|1929||Two-Buldi-Two||Два-бульди-два||co-directed with Nina Agadzhanova|
|1931||Forty Hearts||Сорок сердец|
|1933||The Great Consoler||Великий утешитель|
|1941||Incident on a Volcano||Случай в вулкане|
|1942||Timour's Oath||Клятва Тимура|
|1943||We from the Urals||Мы с Урала|
Awards and honours
- Kuleshov, Lev. Kuleshov on Film, translated and edited, with an introduction by Ronald Levaco. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.
- Lev Kuleshov at the Internet Movie Database
- An interview with Lev Kuleshov's grand-daughter, the film scholar Ekaterina Khokhlova. By Ana Olenina.