Lev Skrbenský z Hříště

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
His Eminence
Lev Skrbenský z Hřiště
Cardinal Archbishop of Olomouc
Cardinal Archbishop of Prague
Lev Skrbensky z Hriste - tombstone.jpg
Tombstone of Lev Skrbenský z Hříště in Saint Wenceslas cathedral in Olomouc (Czech Republic)
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Olomouc
Installed 1916
Term ended 6 July 1920
Predecessor Franziskus von Sales Bauer
Successor Antonín Cyril Stojan
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santo Stefano al Monte Celio
Orders
Ordination 7 July 1889
Consecration 6 January 1900
Created Cardinal 15 April 1901
by Leo XIII
Rank Cardinal
Personal details
Born (1863-06-12)June 12, 1863
Hausdorf (now a part of Bartošovice), Moravia, Austria-Hungary
Died December 24, 1938(1938-12-24) (aged 75)
Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Previous post Cardinal Archbishop of Prague (1899-1916)

Lev Skrbenský z Hříště, German: Leo Skrbenský von Hříště, also spelt Skrebensky (June 12, 1863, Hausdorf (now a part of Bartošovice), Moravia, Austria-Hungary – December 24, 1938, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia) was a prominent Cardinal in the Catholic Church during the early 20th century.

Of uncertain but undoubtedly wealthy background (it is sometimes believed he was an illegitimate child of the Habsburg Monarchy)[citation needed], Lev Skrbensky z Hriste was educated at the prestigious seminary of Olomouc and during the 1880s worked on a doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical Gregorian University. After being ordained in 1889, he went into the Austro-Hungarian Army and spent the following decade serving as an army chaplain.

He left his military duties in 1899, and Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria selected him as Archbishop of Prague. Two years later, he was made a cardinal at the age of thirty-seven.[1] He participated in the 1903 and 1914 conclaves, and in 1916 was transferred to the prestigious see of Olomouc, to which he was elected by its cathedral chapter at the request of the Habsburg government. He resigned this see in 1920 because his poor health and did not participate in the 1922 conclave.

Although his health remained very poor, Skrbensky z Hriste almost lived long enough to see the 1939 conclave. He was the last living cardinal elevated by Pope Leo XIII, and as with the corresponding cardinal of Pius IX, Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, he managed to outlive his nearest rival for this honour, Vincenzo Vannutelli, by a very long period (over eight years).

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Since then no man has been elevated to the cardinalate at such a young age. The youngest in the past hundred years have been two Patriarchs of Lisbon: Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira elevated in 1929 at the age of 41 and António Ribeiro elevated in 1973 at the age of 44.

External links[edit]

Lev Skrbenský z Hříště
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Franziskus von Paula Graf von Schönborn
Archbishop of Prague
1899–1916
Succeeded by
Pavel Graf von Huyn
Preceded by
Franziskus von Sales Bauer
Archbishop of Olomouc
1916–1920
Succeeded by
Antonín Cyril Stojan