Levelland, Texas

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Levelland, Texas
City
Abandoned grain elevator in Levelland
Abandoned grain elevator in Levelland
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Levelland
Coordinates: 33°35′14″N 102°22′41″W / 33.58722°N 102.37806°W / 33.58722; -102.37806Coordinates: 33°35′14″N 102°22′41″W / 33.58722°N 102.37806°W / 33.58722; -102.37806[1]
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Hockley
Region Llano Estacado
Established 1921
Elevation[1] 3,520 ft (1,070 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,542
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79336, 79338
Area code 806
Website Handbook of Texas

Levelland is a city in Hockley County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,542. It is the county seat of Hockley County.[2] It is located on the Llano Estacado, 30 miles (48 km) west of Lubbock. Major industries include cotton farming and petroleum production. It is the home of South Plains College.

Levelland is the principal city of the Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hockley County and part of the larger Lubbock-Levelland Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (26 km2), of which, 9.9 square miles (26 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.20%) is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,866 people, 4,574 households, and 3,361 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile (500.8/km²). There were 5,186 housing units at an average density of 522.6 per square mile (201.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.34% White, 5.36% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 20.92% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.21% of the population.

There were 4,574 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 14.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,820, and the median income for a family was $32,408. Males had a median income of $29,800 versus $20,042 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,296. About 15.7% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Levelland, Texas. (1926-2013)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
87
(31)
95
(35)
101
(38)
111
(44)
115
(46)
111
(44)
106
(41)
105
(41)
103
(39)
94
(34)
81
(27)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 54.1
(12.3)
58.6
(14.8)
66.4
(19.1)
75.7
(24.3)
84.0
(28.9)
91.5
(33.1)
92.4
(33.6)
90.8
(32.7)
84.2
(29)
75.8
(24.3)
64.0
(17.8)
55.5
(13.1)
74.4
(23.6)
Average low °F (°C) 24.2
(−4.3)
27.4
(−2.6)
33.5
(0.8)
42.8
(6)
52.8
(11.6)
61.8
(16.6)
64.6
(18.1)
63.3
(17.4)
56.1
(13.4)
45.1
(7.3)
33.1
(0.6)
26.3
(−3.2)
44.2
(6.8)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−8
(−22)
3
(−16)
20
(−7)
26
(−3)
43
(6)
48
(9)
49
(9)
33
(1)
18
(−8)
0
(−18)
−3
(−19)
−16
(−27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.61
(15.5)
0.58
(14.7)
0.84
(21.3)
1.09
(27.7)
2.55
(64.8)
2.57
(65.3)
2.46
(62.5)
2.45
(62.2)
2.75
(69.9)
1.78
(45.2)
0.68
(17.3)
0.63
(16)
18.99
(482.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.2
(5.6)
2.3
(5.8)
0.7
(1.8)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.7
(1.8)
2.0
(5.1)
8.3
(21.1)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[5]

Education[edit]

Levelland in popular culture[edit]

The James McMurtry song "Levelland," recorded in 1995, is a song about life in the city, told from a slightly acerbic point of view. The song has also been recorded by Robert Earl Keen.

Held in the third week of July, Camp Bluegrass is a large social event, with public concerts, held on the South Plains College campus.

Levelland is also home to the 12 year old State Champions in baseball, the Levelland Kekambas. This was the first team to ever win state from Levelland. The team ended up placing fifth at the regional tournament in Fort Smith, Arkansas.

On March 26, 2010 the Levelland Police Department ordered Bob Skelding to take his wagon and horses out of town. Skelding is traveling the United States in a covered wagon pulled by horses. Skelding posted on his website “I have never had the pleasure of so much great southern hospitality.”[6]

UFO Allegations[edit]

Levelland is famous as the site of a well-publicized series of UFO sightings in November 1957. Several motorists driving on various highways around Levelland claimed to see a large, egg-shaped object which emitted a blue glow and caused their automobiles to shut off.[7] In most cases the object was sitting either on the highway or close to it. When the object took off, witnesses claimed their vehicles would restart and work normally. Among witnesses were Weir Clem, Levelland's sheriff, and Ray Jones, the town's fire chief. The United States Air Force concluded a severe electrical storm (most probably ball lightning), was the major cause for the sightings and reported auto failures.[7] However, several prominent UFO researchers, among them Dr. James E. McDonald, a physicist at the University of Arizona, and Dr. J. Allen Hynek, an astronomer at Northwestern University, disputed this explanation. Both men argued that there was no electrical storm in the area when the sightings occurred.[7]

Levelland Municipal Airport (LLN)[edit]

  • Airport Elevation - 3514' MSL
  • Two Active Runways
    • 17/35 - 6,110'
    • 08/26 - 2,072'

Notable residents[edit]

  • Sam Langford (July 14, 1928—October 23, 2008) was one of four elected Hockley County commissioners, having represented Precinct 1 from 1974-1998. The son of Ed and Lula Langford, he was born in Whitharral, a community in Hockley County, where he graduated from high school. He attended South Plains College in Levelland and served thereafter in the United States Army in Germany. He was a Levelland automobile dealer for many years. He died at Covenant Hospital in Levelland. Services were held on October 25, 2008, at the Fifth Street Baptist Church, where Langford was a deacon and the song director. Interment was at the City of Levelland Cemetery. Survivors include his wife, the former Flo Campbell, originally from Borger; son, David Campbell Langford of Levelland; a brother, Gerry Langford of Hart Camp in Lamb County; one sister, Roberta "Bill" Langford Thomman of Levelland; four grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by a son, Eddie Campbell Langford, in 1989.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Levelland". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ http://www.wagonteamster.com/html/kicked_out_of_levelland__tx.html
  7. ^ a b c (Clark, pp. 339-340)
  8. ^ Obituary of Billy Guinn Jones, Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, April 27, 2008:Billy Guinn Jones | Lubbock Avalanche-Journal
  9. ^ Obituary of Sam Langford, Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, October 24, 2008: http://lubbockonline.com/stories/102408/obi_347737285.shtml
  • Clark, Jerome. The UFO Book: Encyclopedia of the Extraterrestrial. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1998.

External links[edit]