Leven, East Riding of Yorkshire
Leven is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is about 7 miles (11 km) west of Hornsea town centre and lies north-west of the A165 road, which was built, after a long campaign by residents, to bypass the village and opened 25 May 1994.
Leven Canal, a Site of Special Scientific Interest links the village to the River Hull, although it is now closed. The canal was opened in 1804 having been cut by the order of Mrs Charlotte Bethel, Lady of the Manor. The 3 1/4 mile long canal started at the River Hull and was constructed to allow sailing barges to reach the warehouses at Canal Head on the southern edge of the village. Constructed in 1825, the two warehouses served two principal functions - storage of local grain ready for barge transport to Hull and Beverley and a depository for coal.
Linley Hill Airfield is located nearby and is home to a number of flying activities including Hull Aero Club which was founded in the 1920s and featured Amy Johnson amongst former members. Flight training is available for EASA Private Pilots Licence [PPL] for light aircraft and UK National Private Pilots Licence [NPPL] for light aircraft and microlight aircraft. Paramotors and Radio Controlled Models also fly regularly from the airfield
It is believed that the village of Little Leven - immediately west of the present village - began as far back as the days of the Ancient Britons, though Neolithic and Bronze Age human occupation of the area is known. Finds from Leven 'Carrs' (marshy land) have included axe heads, leaf-shaped swords, and a spearhead.
Three quarters of a mile west of Little Leven, at Hall Garth, is the site of Leven's former parish church - St Faith's - which was certainly in use between 1350 and 1843. It is speculated that the original village of Leven was sited in its immediate vicinity though archaeological understanding of that area is sparse.
The 1892 Bulmer's Directory of Hull and the East Riding states that the Manor of Leven was given to the Church of St John of Beverley by Edward the Confessor, and is listed in the Domesday Book as being amongst its possessions.
After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1547, ownership of the land reverted to the crown, to be bought by Sir Marmaduke Constable in 1557. Around 1612, it appears that Sir Thomas Gresham owned some of the land, having received it as a gift from Queen Elizabeth I.
There was a proposal to build a Leven railway station as part of the North Holderness Light Railway but despite appearing on tile maps at several North Eastern Railway stations, the line was never constructed.
Until 1964, Leven was a small, unexceptional village - home to some 400 inhabitants but then private housing estate building commenced - Barley Gate, Mill Drive, Westlands Way, Balk Close - and the village quickly expanded to become a dormitory for aspirant workers, mainly from Hull and Beverley. The population is now over 2,500. The village has two pubs, The New Inn and The Hare and Hounds, and is home to successful amateur football, cricket and bowling teams.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Leven CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- Allison, K J; Baggs, A P; Cooper, T N; Davidson-Cragoe, C; Walker, J (2002). "North division: Leven". In Kent, G H R. A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 7: Holderness Wapentake, Middle and North Divisions. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Leven CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- English Heritage. "Holy Trinity Church (1103456)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- McCrea, Walter Jackson (1925). Pioneers and prominent people in Manitoba. p. 170. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 7.
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