Leverkusen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Leverkusen
Morsbroich Palace
Morsbroich Palace
Flag of Leverkusen
Flag
Coat of arms of Leverkusen
Coat of arms
Leverkusen   is located in Germany
Leverkusen
Leverkusen
Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Urban district
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
 • Governing parties CDU / SPD / Bürgerliste
Area
 • Total 78.85 km2 (30.44 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 160,819
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 0214, 02171 & 02173
Vehicle registration LEV
Website www.Leverkusen.de/English

Leverkusen (/ˈlvərˌkzən/; German pronunciation: [ˈleːvɐˌkuːzn̩]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf.

With about 161,000 inhabitants, Leverkusen is one of the state's smaller cities. The city is known for the pharmaceutical company Bayer and its associated sports club TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen.

History[edit]

Dating back to the 12th century as Wiesdorf, the Leverkusen area was rural until the late 19th century.

Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf. The city was posthumously named after the chemist and entrepreneur Carl Leverkus. In 1861, Leverkus set up a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep.

In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Chemical facility[edit]

In 1860, Wiesdorf was chosen by the chemist Carl Leverkus for establishing a dye factory. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891. The company moved its office to Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry. After asset confiscation at the end of WWI it became IG Farben. The IG Farben factories were bombed by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on December 1, 1943,[2] by the RAF on August 22, 1943,[3] and by the RAF during Battle of Berlin (air) on November 19/20 and December 10/11, 1943. The predominance of Bayer could easily classify Leverkusen as a German monogorod.

Main sights and places of interest[edit]

Japanese Garden in front of the Bayer tower
BayArena
The BayArena is the stadium and home of Leverkusen's football team Bayer Leverkusen. After the extension the stadium now holds place for over 30,210 people.
Bayer Cross Leverkusen
The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world. It has an identifying meaning for Leverkusen's population.
Freudenthaler Sensenhammer
the Sensenhammer is a 'living' industrial museum. The permanent exhibition includes manufacture of scythes and sickles and the use of those tools in farming. The museum itself is the biggest exhibit. The museum is also used in a different way, for example for concerts or theater.
  • Schloss Morsbroich - moated castle in the baroque style, now a museum for contemporary art
  • Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45-metre-high (237.7 ft) water reservoir containing an observation deck
  • Neuland Park - large park beside the Rhine
  • Japanese Garden - A garden created by Carl Duisberg at 1923
  • Colony of workers - historical urban district in the center of Leverkusen
  • Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit - historical Boat bridge next to the Rhine between Wiesdorf and Rheindorf
  • Mausoleum of Carl Duisberg - mausoleum in the center of the Carl Duisberg Park next to the Casino
  • NaturGut Ophoven - educational center for nature in Leverkusen-Opladen
  • Leaf Consulting Leverkusen - IT support und software development [4]

International relations[edit]

BayArena

Leverkusen is twinned with:

Hickory, North Carolina, USA

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ 322nd Dailies from 1943 - 91st Bomb Group (H). 91st Bomb Group. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  3. ^ WW2 People's War - A Bedfordshire Bomb Aimer - Part Two. BBC. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  4. ^ Leaf Consulting - IT company Leverkusen
  5. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit (Twin Cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  6. ^ (Bracknell Town, part of the Bracknell Forest local authority twinned with Opladen in 1973, Opladen then incorporated with Leverkusen in 1975
  7. ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  8. ^ Contract in German and Polish
  9. ^ contract signed(in German)
  10. ^ "Profit Over Life". The Nuremberg Pharma Tribunal. Retrieved tbd. 

Sources[edit]

  • Blaschke, Stefan (1999): Unternehmen und Gemeinde: Das Bayerwerk im Raum Leverkusen 1891-1914 Cologne: SH-Verlag, ISBN 3-89498-068-0 (German)
  • Archive of Leverkusen (2005): Leverkusen. Geschichte einer Stadt am Rhein. Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 3-89534-575-X (German)
  • Franz Gruß (1987): Geschichte und Porträt der Stadt Leverkusen. Leverkusen: Verlag Anna Gruß, ISBN 3-930478-03-X (German)

External links[edit]