|Levko Lukyanenko near the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev (October 2006)|
|1st Ukraine Ambassador to Canada|
May 14, 1992 – October 15, 1993
|Succeeded by||Viktor Batyuk|
|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
May 1990 – June 1992
|Constituency||Railway district #196 (Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast)|
February 1995 – May 1998
|Constituency||Novovolynsk district #68 (Volyn Oblast)|
May 2002 – May 2006
|Constituency||Party list #5 (BYuT)|
May 2006 – June 2007
|Constituency||Party list #6 (BYuT)|
August 24, 1927 |
Khrypivka, Horodnya Raion,
Chernihiv Oblast, USSR
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Occupation||jurist, politician, writer|
Lukyanenko was born on 24 August 1927 in the Khrypivka village of Chernihiv Oblast, in the USSR. Following graduation from the Law Department of Moscow State University and after serving in the Russian army, he worked in district party committees in Lviv Oblast.
In 1959 in the time of the Khrushchev Thaw, he organized a dissident movement called the Ukrainian Workers and Peasants Union; he defended the right of secession of Ukraine from the rest of Soviet Union, a right theoretically granted by the 1936 Soviet Constitution. In 1961 he was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death. His sentence was later commuted to 15 years in a prison camp. In 1976 he became a founding member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. In 1977 he was arrested again and was sentenced to 10 years in a camp and 5 years of internal exile.
Lukyanenko was released in the wave of Gorbachev's perestroika, and was elected a member of Ukrainian parliament in 1990. He was the co-author of Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine and the author of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine adopted in 1991. Lukyanenko was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine by President Viktor Yushchenko on April 19, 2005.
Also in 2005, he participated in a conference entitled "Zionism As the Biggest Threat to Modern Civilization," which was controversial for its anti-Semitic tone and its invitation of former Grand Wizard David Duke. Lukyanenko sat next to Duke and gave him a standing ovation. Presenting his own paper, Lukyanenko argued that the Holodomor was carried out by a satanic government controlled by the Jews. According to Lukyanenko, 95% of Soviet people's commissars were Jewish, most military and judicial commissars were Jewish, Lenin and Stalin were Jewish, and "thus… of the most important administrative positions… 80% were Jews."
Lukyanenko has argued that there is no anti-Semitism in Ukraine, since he has "not met a single Ukrainian, who is a opposed to all Semitic people." According to Lukyanenko, Ukrainians base their attitudes of other ethnic groups upon "their attitudes towards us."
- (Ukrainian) Presidential decree awarding title Hero of Ukraine, Official Verkhovna Rada website
- Human Rights on Trial (Contd.), TIME Magazine, July 31, 1978
- David Duke participates in anti-Semitic conference in the Ukraine
- Rudling, Per Anders (2006). "Organized Anti-Semitism in Contemporary Ukraine: Structure, Influence and Ideology". Canadian Slavonic Studies 48 (2): 91.
- Levko Lukianenko, “Do Evreis'koho pytannia, abo Chy isnuie v Ukraini anti-Semitism?” Personal Plius 73.26 (2004): 4-5.
- Lukyanenko was elected leader of Ukrainian Republican Party, Kyiv Post (November 25, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Левко Лук'яненко знову очолив партію, Ukrayinska Pravda (November 25, 2010)
- Levko Lukyanenko, indomitable champion of the national cause
- Profile at Anti-criminal choice website.