Lew Hoad

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Lew Hoad
Lew Hoad portrait.jpg
Full name Lewis Alan Hoad
Country  Australia
Born (1934-11-23)23 November 1934
Glebe, Australia
Died 3 July 1994(1994-07-03) (aged 59)
Fuengirola, Spain
Height 1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)
Turned pro 1957 (amateur tour from 1950)
Retired 1972
Plays Right-handed (1-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1980 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1956, Lance Tingay)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1956)
French Open W (1956)
Wimbledon W (1956, 1957)
US Open F (1956)
Professional majors
US Pro F (1958, 1959)
Wembley Pro F (1961, 1962, 1963)
French Pro F (1958, 1960)
TOC W (1959)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1953, 1956, 1957)
French Open W (1953)
Wimbledon W (1953, 1955, 1956)
US Open W (1956)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open F (1955)
French Open W (1954)
Wimbledon SF (1953, 1954, 1955)
US Open F (1952, 1956)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1952, 1953, 1955, 1956)

Lewis Alan ("Lew") Hoad (23 November 1934 – 3 July 1994) was an Australian former World No. 1 tennis player.

In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, ranked Hoad as one of the 21 best players of all time.[2] For five straight years, beginning in 1952, he was ranked in the world top 10 for amateurs, reaching the World No. 1 spot in 1956.[1] Hoad was a member of the Australian team that between 1952 and 1956 won the Davis Cup four times. He turned professional in July 1957.

Hoad won four majors as an amateur, and won the 1959 Tournament of Champions as a professional. Rod Laver, writing for the Herald Sun newspaper in 2012, ranked Lew as the greatest player of the 'Past Champions' era of tennis. Laver described his strengths of "power, volleying and explosiveness" as justification of his accolade.[3]

Early life and career[edit]

Lewis Hoad at age 15 competing at Kooyong in Inter State Tennis in 1949.

Lewis Hoad was born on 23 November 1934, in the working-class Sydney inner suburb of Glebe, the oldest of three sons of tramway electrician Alan Hoad and his wife Ailsa Lyle.[a][4] Hoad started playing tennis at age five with a racket gifted by a local social club.[5] As a young child he would wake up at 5 a.m. and hit tennis balls against a wall and garage door until the neighbours complained and he was allowed to practice on the courts of the Hereford Tennis Club behind the house.[6][7] At age 10 he competed in the seaside tournament at Manly in the under 16 category.[8]

In his youth he often played with Ken Rosewall and they became known as the Sydney 'twins', although they had very different physique, personality and playing style. Their first match was in their early teens and was played as an opener of an exhibition match between Australia and America. Rosewall won 6–0, 6–0.[9] Hoad built up enormous physical strength, especially in his hands and arms, by training at a police boys' club, where he made a name as a boxer. Hoad was about 12 when he was introduced to Adrian Quist, a former Australian tennis champion and then general manager of the Dunlop sports goods company. Quist played a couple of sets with Hoad and was impressed by his natural ability. When Hoad was 14 he left school and joined the Dunlop payroll, following the pattern of that 'shamateur' era when most of Australia's brightest tennis prospects were employed by sporting goods companies.[10]

Hoad had just turned 15 when he and Rosewall were selected to play for New South Wales in an interstate contest against Victoria.[11] In November 1949 Hoad won the junior title at the New South Wales Championships and that same weekend he also competed in the final of the junior table tennis championship in Sydney.[12][13]

Tennis career[edit]

Amateur career: 1951 – 1957[edit]

1951

Hoad's first Grand Slam tournament appearance was at the 1951 Australian Championships held in January at the White City Tennis Club in Sydney. He won his first match against Ronald McKenzie in straight sets but lost in the following round to defending champion Frank Sedgman.[14] It was the only Grand Slam tournament he played that year.

1952

In 1952 he reached the third round of the Australian Championships, played in Adelaide, and in April he was selected by the Australasian Lawn Tennis Association as member of the team to play in overseas tournaments.[15] In May, before departing to Europe, he won the singles title at the Australian Hardcourt Championships after a five-set win in the final against Rosewall.[16] Hoad, who had never played a tournament on clay courts, received a walkover in the first round of the French Championships and lost in straight sets to sixth-seeded and 1947 and 1951 French finalist Eric Sturgess.[17][15] In only their second appearance as a doubles team at a Grand Slam event Hoad and Rosewall reached the French semifinal.[18] Hoad subsequently played the Belgian tennis championships in Brussels in early June and reached the quarterfinal in which he was outclassed by Budge Patty.[19]

Hoad (second from left) profiled in a magazine spread in the early 1950s discussing young and rising Australian sportspeople

Hoad's first entry at the Queen's Club Championship in June 1952 ended in the quarterfinal against countryman and eventual champion Frank Sedgman.[20] A week later he played his first match at the Wimbledon Championships defeating Beppe Merlo in a nervous and unimpressive five-set encounter.[21][22] Wins against Rolando del Bello and Freddie Huber were followed by a fourth round loss against second-seeded and eventual finalist Jaroslav Drobný.[23] Hoad and Rosewall caused an upset when they defeated second-seeded Gardnar Mulloy and Dick Savitt in the third round of the doubles event in a run that ended in the semifinal against Vic Seixas and Eric Sturgess.[24][25][26]

After a semifinal result at the Swedish championships in July and an exhibition between Australia and West Germany Hoad and the Australian team traveled to the United States under the guidance of Harry Hopman.[27][28] As a preparation for his first U.S. Championships he played the Meadow Club Invitational (Southampton), Eastern Grass Court Championship (South Orange), and Newport Invitational before teaming up with Rosewall to reach the semifinal of the U.S. National Doubles Championships in Brookline.[29][30][31] Hoad was the eighth seeded foreign player at the U.S. Championships.[b][33] He won four matches to reach his first Grand Slam quarterfinal but due in part to making 64 errors could not overcome his countryman Frank Sedgman who would win the tournament without losing a set.[34][35][36] With Thelma Coyne Long he reached the final of the mixed doubles event, the first Grand Slam final of his career, but they lost in straight sets to Doris Hart and Frank Sedgman.[37] An early loss at the Pacific Southwest Championships in September concluded his first overseas tour.[38] At the end of the year he was jointly ranked No. 10 in the world with Rosewall.[39]

1953
Lew Hoad in 1953

Hoad started 1953 poorly in the singles with a second round exit against Clive Wilderspin at the Australian Championships in Melbourne after playing an uncharacteristic baseline game.[40][41] He was more successful in doubles when he and Rosewall became the youngest team to win the Australian doubles title after a victory in the final against Mervyn Rose and Don Candy.[42] In March he successfully defended his singles title Australian Hardcourt Championships, defeating 34-year-old John Bromwich in the final.[43] In the semifinal he had survived six matchpoints against Rosewall.[44][45] Two weeks later Hoad lost the final of the N.S.W. Hardcourt Championships against Mervyn Rose.[46] Hoad's second overseas tour started in late April and after an exhibition in Cairo at the Gezira Sporting Club he entered the Italian Championships in Rome.[47][48] He reached the final, losing to Drobný in straight sets but won the doubles title with Rosewall.[49] At the 1953 French Championships in May Hoad was seeded fourth and made it to the quarterfinal which he lost to Vic Seixas due to overhitting and an unreliable serve.[50][51] Hoad and Rosewall followed up their Australian title with a win at the French Championships after a convincing three-set win in the final against countrymen Rose and Wilderspin.[52] In June Hoad's attacking serve-and-volley game proved too good for Wimbledon favorite Rosewall in the final of the Queen's Club Championship and he won the tournament without losing a set.[53][54] At Wimbledon Hoad was seeded sixth and as at the French Vic Seixas defeated him in the quarterfinal, this time in a close five-set match that ended 7–9 in the final set on a Hoad double fault.[55][56] In an all-Australian doubles final Hoad and Rosewall defeated Hartwig and Rose to win their Grand Slam doubles title of the year.[57] Hoad lost to Enrique Morea in the final of the Dutch Championships in mid July.[58] Hoad won his first title on U.S. soil in South Orange at the Eastern Grass Court Championship in mid August, defeating compatriot Rex Hartwig in the final.[59] In the semifinal against Rosewall he pulled a back muscle, the first sign of the back problems that would later plague his career.[60] Hoad and Rosewall's hopes of winning the doubles Grand Slam, two years after fellow Australians Ken McGregor and Frank Sedgman had first achieved that feat, were dashed when they lost surprisingly in the third round of the U.S. Doubles Championships.[61] Hoad was one of the favorites for the singles title at the 1953 U.S. Championships and was the second-seeded foreign player.[62] Hoad won four matches to reach the semifinal where for the third time in 1953 he lost in a Grand Slam event to Vic Seixas.[63] Following the defeat of Hoad, and Rosewall in the other semifinal, there was criticism in the press that both 18-year old players were physically and mentally worn out due to the intensive schedule imposed by coach Harry Hopman.[64][65] In September Seixas again beat Hoad, this time in the semifinal of the Pacific Southwest Championships in Los Angeles.[66] Hoad was rested a few weeks upon his return to Australia. He entered the Queensland Championships in early November and won the singles title in a 41-minute final against Rex Hartwig.[67][68] Two weeks later Hoad won the N.S.W. Championships after a four-set victory in the final over Rosewall in front of a 10,000 Sydney crowd but had trouble with a sore right elbow.[69][70][71] His good form continued in early December at the Victorian Championships when he again defeated Rosewall in the final.[72] The much anticipated 1953 Davis Cup challenge round match against defendants United States took place at the Kooyong Stadium in Melbourne from 28–31 December. Surprisingly Hartwig was selected to partner Hoad in the doubles instead of Rosewall, a decision widely criticized in the press. Hoad and Hartwig lost the doubles match against Seixas and Trabert and Australia trailed 1–2 at the start of the final day.[73][74][75][76] Hoad is often remembered for his match as a 19-year-old amateur against the United States champion Tony Trabert. In a titanic struggle in front of a 17,000 crowd, Hoad defeated Trabert by a score of 13–11, 6–3, 3–6, 2–6, 7–5 to help his country retain the Cup.[c][78][79] It was seen as one of the best Davis Cup matches in history.[80][81] Directly following the final Hoad received his call-up papers for National Service.[82] Hoad ended 1953 ranked No. 5 in the world.[39]

1954

Hoad played just one tournament in early January before entering his National Service training. At the South Australian Championships in Adelaide Hoad reached the final but sub-par play allowed Trabert to defeat him in straight sets and take revenge for his Davis Cup defeat.[83] On 13 January Hoad joined the 13th National Service Training battalion at in Ingleburn for a period of 98 days and commented that "It will be a welcome break from tennis".[84] As a consequence Hoad was unable to participate in the 1954 Australian Championships. At the end of February Hoad received a leave from service to play in the Australian team in the third test match against South Africa in front of the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh. He played a singles match, a doubles match with Rosewall and a mixed doubles match with his girlfriend Jenny Staley.[85][86] When Hoad returned to service he was bitten by a spider while on maneuvers which caused him to become ill and hospitalized him for ten days.[87] He spent two days in coma but this was not made public.[88]

Lew Hoad at Kooyong in 1954

Hoad left the National Service at the end of April and his third overseas tour with an Australian team started on 5 May 1954.[89] For the first time in his career Hoad was seeded first at a Grand Slam tournament when he entered the French Championships but he failed to live up to expectation when he lost in the fourth round to 41-year old Gardnar Mulloy.[90][91] Hoad reached the doubles final with Rosewall but the pair were soundly beaten by Seixas and Trabert in a 56-minute final. Partnering Maureen Connolly, who had won the women's singles title, Hoad won the mixed doubles event after a win in the final against Jacqueline Patorni and Rex Hartwig.[92] In June Hoad overcame countryman Rose in the final of the Queen's Club Championship to successfully defend his 1953 singles title.[93] Hoad was one of the favorites for the Wimbledon Championships and was seeded second behind Trabert.[94] In the fourth round Hoad avenged his loss to Mulloy at the French Championships, defeating the veteran in four sets.[95] However in the quarterfinal the powerful service and excellent returns of 33-year-old Jaroslav Drobny proved too much for Hoad and he was beaten in straight sets within the hour.[96] Hoad and Rosewall were unable to defend their 1953 Wimbledon doubles title after losing in fives sets in the semifinal to Seixas and Trabert.[97] A surprise loss against Roger Becker in the semifinal at the Midlands Counties Championships in Birmingham was followed in mid-July by winning the singles title at the Swiss Championships in Gstaad.[98][99] As in the previous year Hoad met Rosewall in the Eastern Grass Court Championship in August, this time in the final, and again the titleholder was victorious, overpowering Rosewall to win the singles title in three straight sets.[100] At Newport in mid August Hoad was beaten by 17-year-old compatriot Roy Emerson who won the deciding set 8–6.[101][102] For the third time in 1954 Seixas and Trabert defeated Hoad and Rosewall at a Grand Slam doubles event, winning the U.S. Doubles Championships in Brookline.[103] Hoad, seeded first among the foreign players at the U.S. Championships, failed to live up to his seeding when he lost to Ham Richardson in a five-set quarterfinal.[104][105] His lackluster form continued when he was defeated by unseeded Luis Ayala in the quarterfinal of the Pacific Southwest Championships in mid-September.[106] After returning to Australia at the end of September Hoad scheduled extra practice to work on his serve and volley but subsequently lost to Don Candy in the semifinal of the Sydney Metropolitan Championships.[107][108] In early November matters briefly improved as he consolidated the Queensland title in Brisbane. In the final he overcame a sunstroke and the loss of sets three and four by 0–6 to defeat Hartwig in five sets.[109] In mid November he was upset by veteran John Bromwich who exploited the windy conditions in the quarterfinal of the N.S.W. Championships.[110][111] At the Victorian Championships, the last significant tournament before the Davis Cup Challenge Round, Hoad was defeated in straight sets in the semifinal by Seixas. As in the previous match against Sven Davidson he showed such poor form and at times an apparent lack of interest that he was jeered by the crowd and several left after he smashed a ball into the stands.[112][113][114] The 1954 Davis Cup Challenge Round was played on 27–29 December at the White City Stadium in Sydney between title holders Australia and the United States. Hoad played the first rubber, in front of a record crowd of 25,000, which he lost to world No.1 Trabert in a high-quality four-set match.[115] Rosewall also lost his singles match and the United States won back the cup after Seixas and Trabert defeated Hoad and Rosewall in the doubles.[116] At the end of an erratic and ultimately disappointing season Hoad's world ranking slipped to No.7.[117][118][119][d] In a 1956 interview Hoad admitted that especially in 1954 he often got fed-up with tennis and didn't care whether he played or not.[121]

1955
Hoad and Rosewall at Wimbledon

Hoad started the 1955 season on a low note when he was unable to play the South Australian tennis championship in early January due to a torn ligament.[122] To some surprise he entered the mixed doubles event at the 1955 Australian Championships with his girlfriend Jenny Staley and the pair finished as runner-ups to Thelma Coyne Long and George Worthington.[123] In the singles event Hoad reached his first Grand Slam tournament final after solid wins over Seixas (quarterfinal) and Hartwig (semifinal). In the final Rosewall's accuracy and control, however, were too strong for him and he lost in three straight sets.[124] Hoad did not participate in the 1955 French Championships as the Davis Cup team that he was part of only left for Europe at the end of May during the Championships.[125] In the singles final of the Queen's Club Championship in mid-June Hoad, who had gotten married earlier that day, lost his service seven times and lost to Rosewall in two straight sets but won the doubles event with Hartwig.[126][127] Hoad was the fourth-seeded player at the Wimbledon Championships at the end of June. In his quarterfinal match against seventh-seeded Budge Patty his game lacked accuracy and he conceded a break in each set resulting in a loss in straight sets.[128] Hoad was the second-seeded foreign player at the U.S. Championships in September held on the muddy courts of Forest Hills. In the quarterfinal he lost his service three times in succession in the third set and suffered a straight sets defeat in 50 minutes against Trabert, the first-seeded U.S. player, and eventual champion.[129] Having lost the Davis Cup in 1954 Australia had to play through the 1955 Davis Cup preliminary rounds to challenge holders United States. In July Australia defeated Mexico, Brazil and Canada to win the Americas Zone and subsequently beat Japan and Italy in the Inter-zone matches in August.[130] In the Challenge Round, played at the West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills from 26 – 28 August, Hoad defeated the French and Wimbledon champion Trabert in four sets in his first singles rubber and with Hartwig won the doubles match to reclaim the cup for Australia.[131] In his first significant tournament after the Davis Cup Hoad won the New South Wales Championships in November after a win in the final against Rosewall.[132][133] In December he added the singles title at the Victorian Championships after a tough five-sets final win over 19-year old Ashley Cooper.[134] At the end of the year he was ranked No. 3 in the world.[39]

1956

Hoad started the year with a five-set defeat in the final of the South Australian Championships against countryman Neale Fraser.[135] At the Manly tournament which followed the crowds overflowed the stands during the final hindering Rosewall's baseline game more than Hoad, resulting in a straight set win for Hoad in 35 minutes.[136] At the 1956 Australian Championships, played at the end of January in Brisbane, Hoad overcame a two sets to one deficit against Mervyn Rose in the quarterfinal to reach the semifinal which he won against Neale Fraser to reach his second consecutive final. As in the previous edition his opponent was Ken Rosewall and this time Hoad overcame his rival and titleholder in four sets to win his first Grand Slam singles title.[137][138] His success was completed by winning the doubles title with Rosewall against Don Candy and Mervyn Rose. At the beginning of March Hoad and his wife left for an overseas private tour, i.e. a tour sanctioned but not organized by the Australian tennis federation.[139] First stop of the tour was Cairo where Hoad won the singles title at the Egyptian Championships against Sven Davidson followed by a tournament win in Alexandria over Fred Kovaleski.[140][141] At Monte Carlo in late March he was surprisingly beaten by Tony Vincent in the quarterfinal.[142] In the Australian ranking published in April and reflecting the season until the end of March Hoad overtook Rosewall as No.1.[143] Singles titles at the Lebanese Championships and at the Connaught Club in Essex followed in April but the month ended with a semifinal loss to Ham Richardson at the British Hard Court Championships in Bournemouth.[144][145][146] Hoad won his first Italian Championships on the clay courts of the Foro Italico in Rome in early May when he outplayed Sven Davidson in straight sets.[147] At the French Championships Hoad survived a five-set scare against Robert Abdesselam in the third round to reach the final which he won against Sven Davidson in straight sets to claim his second consecutive title at a Grand Slam event.[148][149] Unknown to the public Hoad had stayed up the night previous to the final, invited by a Russian diplomat, and was drunk when he came home. An intensive workout by Rod Laver got him into a state that allowed him to play the final.[150] In May Hoad won the International Golden Ball tournament in Wiesbaden, West Germany after a straight-sets victory in the final over Art Larsen but in the Trofeo Conde de Godó in Barcelona he lost in the quarterfinal to Bob Howe.[151][152] As a preparation for Wimbledon Hoad elected to play the singles event at the Northern Championships in Manchester instead of the Queen's Club Championships. He reached the final but had to bow for 34-year old Jaroslav Drobný who won the deciding set 7–5.[153][154] Hoad was seeded first for the Wimbledon Championships and was the pre-tournament favorite. He lost two sets along the way to reach the final, in which he faced Rosewall. In the first all-Australian final since 1922 Hoad was victorious in four sets to gain his first Wimbledon and third successive Grand Slam championship title.[155][156] Hoad also won the doubles title with Rosewall, their third Wimbledon title, outclassing Orlando Sirola and Nicola Pietrangeli in the final in straight sets.[157] Following his Wimbledon title he entered the Midlands tournament and was beaten in the semifinal by Mike Davies.[158] In August Hoad won the singles title at the German Championships, held on the clay courts at Hamburg, after a four-set defeat of Orlando Sirola in the final.[159] Having won the first three stages of the Grand Slam Hoad was favoured to win the fourth and then turn professional for a lucrative contract offered by Jack Kramer. In an upset, however, he lost the final in four sets to fellow Australian Ken Rosewall in the United States Championship at Forest Hills.[160] At the Pacific Southwest Championships in September, the last leg of his overseas tour before returning to Australia, Hoad was beaten by Alex Olmedo in the third round.[161][162] In early November he lost the final of the Queensland Championships to Ashley Cooper in five sets and was hindered by numbness in the serving arm between the elbow and the wrist.[163] The following week Hoad had to retire from the New South Wales Championships during his first round match against Ross Sherriff due to a sore arm.[164] In mid December Hoad and Rosewall competed in the final of the Victorian Championships which was their last final as amateurs as Rosewall turned professional at the end of the month. The final started late due to rain and was stopped due to darkness at two sets to one for Hoad but the following day Rosewall won the last two sets and the title.[165][166] In late December Hoad was part of the Australian Davis Cup team which successfully defended the cup in the Challenge Round against the United States who were weakened by the absence of Tony Trabert who had turned professional in the fall of 1955. In his last Davis Cup appearance Hoad won both his singles rubbers, against Herbie Flam and Seixas, as well as his doubles match with Rosewall to help Australia to a 5–0 victory.[167] At the end of the year Hoad was ranked No. 1 in the world for the first time in his career.[39]

Professional career: 1957 – 1966[edit]

Jack Kramer's first attempt to sign Hoad and Rosewall for his professional tour came in September 1954 when both players were in Los Angeles for the Pacific Coast Championships. Both signed a contract but later changed their minds and elected to remain amateurs.[e][169][170] A renewed offer in October 1955 was also turned down.[171] Fresh from his victory over Hoad at the 1956 U.S. Championships, it was Ken Rosewall who first signed the professional contract and went on to spend the new year as the regular victim of Pancho Gonzales on the pro tour. At a time when only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four national championships, Hoad finally turned professional after winning his second successive Wimbledon singles title in July 1957. He signed a record contract with Kramer for a guarantee of $125,000 which included a $25,000 bonus for winning the 1957 Wimbledon singles title. In addition Hoad received 20% of the gate receipt with a 5% bonus if he won the match.[172][173][174]

In July 1957 Hoad won his debut match as a professional against Frank Sedgman at the Tournament of Champions in Forest Hills.[175] After the round-robin tournament Hoad commented on the difference between amateur and professional tennis; "It's an entirely different league. These pros make mistakes but they don't make them on vital points. That's the difference."[176] In 1958 a series of 100 head-to-head matches was planned between Hoad and the reigning champion of professional tennis, Pancho Gonzales. The series started in January in a number of Australian cities and at the and Hoad was leading 8–5. In February the series continued in the United States and Hoad won 18 of the first 27 matches, but after they played an outdoor match on 1 March on a chilly night in Palm Springs Hoad's back stiffened and this affected him significantly for the rest of the series. From 9–18 Gonzales surged to a 26–23 lead and at the end of the series on 8 June he had defeated Hoad by 51 matches to 36.[177][178][179] Hoad had to default the Wembley Pro tournament in September due to an arthritic back.[180] In the 1959 Kramer Pro Tour which ended in May Hoad won against Gonzales by 15 matches to 13 and also won his head-to-head's with Ashley Cooper (18–2) and Mal Anderson (9–5). With a win-loss record of 42–20 he finished second in the ranking behind Gonzales (47–15) and earned $28,250.[181] In August 1959 Hoad finished runner-up to Cooper at the Slazenger Professional Tournament in Eastbourne.[182] At the end of 1959 Kramer placed Hoad in fifth place in his world professional ranking as did the French sportspaper L'Équipe, while Australian tennis agent Bob Barnes placed him in first spot.[183] Hoad won the professional tournament in Zurich in September 1962 after a win in the final against Pancho Segura.[184] He was voted the top tennis player of 1962 in a poll by 85 U.S. sports editors.[185]

Back problems plagued Hoad throughout his career and forced his retirement from the tennis tour in 1967.

Open Era

Hoad participated in the 1967 Wimbledon Pro, a 3-day tournament which was organized by the All-England Club as a trial for "open" tennis and as such was the first tournament staged at Wimbledon that was open to male professional tennis players. Hoad was one of the eight players invited for the singles event and despite being in semi-retirement he won his first match against 39-year old Gonzales in three sets. With little energy left he lost the semifinal to Rosewall in two straight sets.[186] Hoad reached the final of the Irish Championships at Dublin in July 1968 but lost to Tom Okker in straight sets, hampered by a thigh injury.[187] In November 1969 Hoad won the singles title at Aberavon tournament, which was part of the Dewar Cup indoor circuit, after defeating Bob Hewitt in the final in two sets.[188][189]

From 1970 to 1974 Hoad was the coach of the Spanish Davis Cup team.[190]

Playing style and assessment[edit]

Strength played an important part of Hoad's game, as he often drove for winners rather than rallying and waiting for the right opportunity. Although he assaulted his opponents, he also had the skill to win the French Championships on the slower clay court. Hoad played right-handed and had a powerful serve and groundstrokes but his game lacked consistency.[191][192] At times Hoad had difficulty maintaining concentration.[193][194] According to Kramer, "Hoad had the loosest game of any good kid I ever saw. There was absolutely no pattern to his game.... He was the only player I ever saw who could stand six or seven feet behind the baseline and snap the ball back hard, crosscourt. He'd try for winners off everything, off great serves, off tricky short balls, off low volleys. He hit hard overspin drives, and there was no way you could ever get him to temporise on important points."[195] Kramer compares Hoad to another great player, Ellsworth Vines. "Both were very strong guys. Both succeeded at a very young age.... Also, both were very lazy guys. Vines lost interest in tennis (for golf) before he was thirty, and Hoad never appeared to be very interested. Despite their great natural ability, neither put up the outstanding records that they were capable of. Unfortunately, the latter was largely true because both had physical problems."[196]

Gonzales, who is considered to be among the greatest tennis players of all time, always maintained that Hoad was the toughest, most skilful adversary that he had ever faced. "He was the only guy who, if I was playing my best tennis, could still beat me." said Gonzales in a 1995 New York Times interview.[197] "I think his game was the best game ever. Better than mine. He was capable of making more shots than anybody. His two volleys were great. His overhead was enormous. He had the most natural tennis mind with the most natural tennis physique."[195] In a 1970 interview he stated that "Hoad was probably the best and toughest player when he wanted to be. After the first two years on the tour, his back injury plagued him so much that he lost the desire to practice. He was the only man to beat me in a head-to-head tour, 15 to 13."[198] Kramer, however, had mixed feelings about Hoad's ability. In spite of calling him one of the 21 best players of all time, he also writes that "when you sum Hoad up, you have to say that he was overrated. He might have been the best, but day-to-day, week-to-week, he was the most inconsistent of all the top players."[199] In a 1963 article in World Tennis Rosewall judges Gonzales to be a notch above Hoad but stated that "...the latter is the greatest of all time when he is 'on'."[200]

With his movie-star good looks, powerful physique, and outgoing personality, Hoad became a tennis icon in the 1950s. As Kramer says, "Everybody loved Hoad, even Pancho Gonzales. They should put that on Lew's tombstone as the ultimate praise for the man.... Even when Hoad was clobbering Gonzales, Gorgo wanted his respect and friendship."[201]

Personal life[edit]

Lew Hoad and Jennifer Staley (right) at the Davis Cup Ball on 30 December 1953

Hoad proposed to his girlfriend, Australian tennis player Jenny Staley, on her 21st birthday party in March 1955 and they planned to announce their engagement in June in London while both were on an overseas tour.[202] After arrival in London Jenny discovered that she was pregnant and the couple decided to get married straight away.[203] The marriage took place the following day on 18 June 1955 at St Mary's Church, Wimbledon in London on the eve of Wimbledon.[204][205][206] They have two daughters and a son. After announcing his retirement in 1967, due to back problems, Hoad moved to Fuengirola, Spain, near Málaga, where he and his wife operated a tennis resort, Lew Hoad's Campo de Tenis, for more than thirty years entertaining personal friends such as actors Sean Connery, Kirk Douglas, and saxophonist Stan Getz.[207][190][208]

Hoad was diagnosed with an aggressive from of leukemia on 13 January 1994 and, in his weakened condition, he died of a heart attack on 3 July 1994 at the age of 59.[209][210][211] A book co-written with Jack Pollard and titled My Game ("The Lew Hoad story" in the USA) was published in 1958. In 2002, Pollard teamed up with his widow, Jenny, to write My Life With Lew.

Hoad was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, in 1980 and this was followed in December 1985 by his induction into the Sport Australia Home of Fame.[195] In January 1995 was posthumously inducted into the Tennis Australia Hall of Fame together with friend and rival Ken Rosewall.[212] The ITF organizes a seniors tournament in his honor called The Lew Hoad Memorial ITF Veterans Tournament.[213]

Grand Slam and Pro Slam finals[edit]

Singles[edit]

Grand Slam finals (4–2)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1955 Australian Championships Grass Australia Ken Rosewall 7–9, 4–6, 4–6
Winner 1956 Australian Championships Grass Australia Ken Rosewall 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1956 French Championships Clay Sweden Sven Davidson 6–4, 8–6, 6–3
Winner 1956 Wimbledon Grass Australia Ken Rosewall 6–2, 4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1956 US Championships Grass Australia Ken Rosewall 6–4, 2–6, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 1957 Wimbledon Grass Australia Ashley Cooper 6–2, 6–1, 6–2

Pro Slam finals (1–7)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1958 French Pro Clay Australia Ken Rosewall 6–3, 2–6, 4–6, 0–6
Runner-up 1958 US Pro Indoor United States Pancho Gonzales 6–3, 6–4, 12–14, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1959 US Pro Indoor United States Pancho Gonzales 4–6, 2–6, 4–6
Winner 1959 Tournament of Champions Grass United States Pancho Gonzales 6–1, 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 1960 French Pro Clay Australia Ken Rosewall 2–6, 6–2, 2–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1961 Wembley Pro Indoor Australia Ken Rosewall 3–6, 6–3, 2–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1962 Wembley Pro Indoor Australia Ken Rosewall 4–6, 7–5, 13–15, 5–7
Runner-up 1963 Wembley Pro Indoor Australia Ken Rosewall 4–6, 2–6, 6–4, 3–6

Doubles: 13 (8 titles, 5 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1953 Australian Championships Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Don Candy
Australia Mervyn Rose
9–11, 6–4, 10–8, 6–4
Winner 1953 French Championships Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Mervyn Rose
Australia Clive Wilderspin
6–2, 6–1, 6–1
Winner 1953 Wimbledon Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Rex Hartwig
Australia Mervyn Rose
6–4, 7–5, 4–6, 7–5
Runner-up 1954 French Championships Australia Ken Rosewall United States Vic Seixas
United States Tony Trabert
4–6, 2–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1954 U.S. National Championships Australia Ken Rosewall United States Vic Seixas
United States Tony Trabert
6–3, 4–6, 6–8, 3–6
Runner-up 1955 Australian Championships Australia Ken Rosewall United States Vic Seixas
United States Tony Trabert
3–6, 2–6, 6–2, 6–3, 1–6
Winner 1955 Wimbledon Australia Rex Hartwig Australia Neale Fraser
Australia Ken Rosewall
7–5, 6–4, 6–3
Winner 1956 Australian Championships Australia Ken Rosewall Australia Don Candy
Australia Mervyn Rose
10–8, 13–11, 6–4
Runner-up 1956 French Championships Australia Ashley Cooper Australia Don Candy
United States Robert Perry
5–7, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 1956 Wimbledon Australia Ken Rosewall Italy Orlando Sirola
Italy Nicola Pietrangeli
7–5, 6–2, 6–1
Winner 1956 U.S. National Championships Australia Ken Rosewall United States Hamilton Richardson
United States Vic Seixas
6–2, 6–2, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 1957 Australian Championships Australia Neale Fraser Australia Mal Anderson
Australia Ashley Cooper
6–3, 8–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1957 Wimbledon Australia Neale Fraser United States Budge Patty
United States Gardnar Mulloy
10–8, 4–6, 4–6, 4–6

Mixed doubles: 4 (1 title, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1952 U.S. National Championships Australia Thelma Coyne Long United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
3–6, 5–7
Winner 1954 French Championships United States Maureen Connolly France Jacqueline Patorni
Australia Rex Hartwig
6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 1955 Australian Championships Australia Jenny Staley Australia Thelma Coyne Long
United States George Worthington
2–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1956 U.S. National Championships Australia Darlene Hard United States Margaret Osborne
Australia Ken Rosewall
7–9, 1–6

Performance timeline[edit]

Grand Slam Tournament Amateur Pro Open Era Titles / Played Career Win-Loss Career Win %
1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1957–1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
Australian 2R 3R 2R A F W SF banned A A A A 1 / 6 15–5 75.00
French A 2R QF 4R A W 3R banned 1R A 4R A A 1 / 7 16–5 76.19
Wimbledon A 4R QF QF QF W W banned 3R A 2R A 1R 2 / 9 32–7 82.05
U.S. A QF SF QF SF F A banned A A A A A 0 / 5 21–5 80.77
Total: 4 / 27 175–22 79.25

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis Hoad was named after the American actor Lewis Stone.[4]
  2. ^ The U.S. Championships used separate seeding lists for U.S. and foreign players between 1927, the first year seeding were used, and 1956.[32]
  3. ^ Ken Rosewall won the deciding rubber, played on the next day due to rain, against Vic Seixas in three straight sets.[77]
  4. ^ An alternative ranking compiled by an international team of tennis writers placed Hoad as No.5.[120]
  5. ^ In his book The Game Kramer stated he did not publicly pursue this breach of contract, which would have made it impossible for Hoad and Rosewall to remain amateurs, because he felt it would ruin his position in Australia as well as the chance of signing both players at a later date.[168]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 426.
  2. ^ Kramer considered the best player ever to have been either Don Budge (for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines (at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden, Fred Perry, Bobby Riggs, and Pancho Gonzales. After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall, Gottfried von Cramm, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, Tony Trabert, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Björn Borg, and Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.
  3. ^ "Rod Laver's 10 best past and present players". Herald Sun. 
  4. ^ a b Hoad (2002), p. 3
  5. ^ Davidson (1970), pp. 105,106
  6. ^ Hoad (2002), pp. 3,4
  7. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 106
  8. ^ "School for Tennis Juniors.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 28 December 1944. p. 5. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  9. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 107
  10. ^ "Obituary: Lew Hoad". The Independent. 5 July 1994. 
  11. ^ "Rosewall, Hoad in state team.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 25 November 1949. p. 10. 
  12. ^ "N.S.W. Tennis Titles.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 26 November 1949. p. 1. 
  13. ^ "Table Tennis.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 27 November 1949. p. 12 Section: Sporting Section. 
  14. ^ "Australian Open players results archive – Lew Hoad". Tennis Australia. 
  15. ^ a b Davidson (1970), p. 109
  16. ^ "Hoad Narrowly Beats Rosewall.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 4 May 1952. p. 5 Section: Sports Section. 
  17. ^ "3 Australians Beaten In Paris Tennis.". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 23 May 1952. p. 4. 
  18. ^ "French Cheer Hoad, Rosewall After Brilliant Win.". Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954) (Lismore, NSW: National Library of Australia). 31 May 1952. p. 5. 
  19. ^ "Rosewall, Hoad Beaten In Belgian Tennis.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 7 June 1952. p. 4. 
  20. ^ "Australian final likely in tennis.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 21 June 1952. p. 12. 
  21. ^ "Italian star fights back, but — Hoad lazes way to singles win.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 25 June 1952. p. 20. 
  22. ^ Davidson (1970), pp. 109, 110
  23. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 110
  24. ^ Davidson (1970), pp. 110, 111
  25. ^ "Shock defeate by Hoad and Rosewall of top American doubles pair.". Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954) (Lismore, NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 June 1952. p. 5. 
  26. ^ "Rosewalll. Hoad make history.". Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 30 June 1952. p. 7. 
  27. ^ "Rose Narrowly Beats Hoad.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 14 July 1952. p. 17. 
  28. ^ "DAVIS CUP MEN REACH N. YORK.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 July 1952. p. 12. 
  29. ^ "Hoad out in first round.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 6 August 1952. p. 24. 
  30. ^ "Rose beaten by Seixas.". Queensland Times (Ipswich) (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Ipswich) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 16 August 1952. p. 3 Edition: Daily. 
  31. ^ "3 Australians in tennis final.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 25 August 1952. p. 7. 
  32. ^ "Sedgman Hits At Split Seeds.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1952. p. 8. 
  33. ^ "Tennis seedings.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 28 August 1952. p. 2. 
  34. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 111
  35. ^ Talbert, Bill (1967). Tennis Observed. Boston: Barre Publishers. p. 127. OCLC 172306. 
  36. ^ "Rosewall, Hoad eliminated in U.S. title games.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 6 September 1952. p. 2. 
  37. ^ "Sedgman and Doris Hart win mixed doubles.". Cootamundra Herald (NSW : 1877 - 1957) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1952. p. 1. 
  38. ^ "Hoad beaten in Pacific Championships.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 16 September 1952. p. 6. 
  39. ^ a b c d Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 717,718. ISBN 978-0942257700. 
  40. ^ "Hoad Defeated By Unseeded W. Australian.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 11 January 1953. p. 1. 
  41. ^ "Instructions beat Hoad.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 12 January 1953. p. 7. 
  42. ^ "Rosewall, Hoad take doubles title.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 17 January 1953. p. 23. 
  43. ^ "Hoad Proves Too Strong For Bromwich In Final.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 15 March 1953. p. 6 Section: Sports Section. 
  44. ^ "Brilliant tennis by Lewis Hoad.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 14 March 1953. p. 5. 
  45. ^ "Hoad Saved Six Match Points.". Queensland Times (Ipswich) (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Ipswich) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 March 1953. p. 3 Edition: Daily. 
  46. ^ "Rose in first major win.". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 March 1953. p. 10. 
  47. ^ "Austn. tennis stars to play in Cair.". The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW : 1892 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 April 1953. p. 3. 
  48. ^ "Australians Should Do Well On Tennis Tour.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949 - 1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 26 April 1953. p. 11 Section: Sporting Section. 
  49. ^ "Hoad trounced by Drobny in singles.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 13 May 1953. p. 28. 
  50. ^ "Tennis World:.". Mirror (Perth, WA : 1921 - 1956) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 16 May 1953. p. 20. 
  51. ^ "Hoad overwhelmed by Seixas in three sets.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 28 May 1953. p. 28. 
  52. ^ "Rosewall And Hoad Win Doubles Title In Three Easy Sets.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 1 June 1953. p. 7. 
  53. ^ "Hoad is too good for Rosewall.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 22 June 1953. p. 10. 
  54. ^ "Another Hoad-Rosewall duel.". Daily Advertiser (Wagga Wagga, NSW : 1911 - 1954) (Wagga Wagga, NSW: National Library of Australia). 22 June 1953. p. 4. 
  55. ^ "Rosewall seeded Wimbledon No. 1.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 17 June 1953. p. 20. 
  56. ^ "Hoad, Rosewall lose singles matches.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 30 June 1953. p. 16. 
  57. ^ "Rosewall and Hoad Win Doubles.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 6 July 1953. p. 19. 
  58. ^ "Morea beats Lew Hoad.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 13 July 1953. p. 19. 
  59. ^ "Hoad Stops Hartwig's Winning Run.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 11 August 1953. p. 13. 
  60. ^ "Hoad injures muscle in back.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 11 August 1953. p. 10. 
  61. ^ "Hoad And Rosewall Down To U.S. Pair.". Goulburn Evening Post (NSW : 1940 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 21 August 1953. p. 3 Edition: Daily and Evening. 
  62. ^ "Australians top U.S. seedings.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 27 August 1953. p. 24. 
  63. ^ "Rosewall, Hoad failL.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 7 September 1953. p. 1. 
  64. ^ "Strong attack on Hopman.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1953. p. 10. 
  65. ^ "'Hopman Ruined Players' Morale'.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 11 September 1953. p. 3. 
  66. ^ "Rosewall Beats Trabert.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 21 September 1953. p. 3. 
  67. ^ "Win to Hoad in straight sets.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 7 November 1953. p. 7. 
  68. ^ "Hoad invincible in smashing singles victory.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 9 November 1953. p. 17. 
  69. ^ "Hoad, 18, youngest player to win NSW singles title.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 21 November 1953. p. 4 Section: SPORTS SECTION. 
  70. ^ "Heat treatments for Hoads elbow.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 23 November 1953. p. 8. 
  71. ^ "Hoad Has Sore Elbow.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 21 November 1953. p. 1. 
  72. ^ "Hoad beats Rosewall; both in great form.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 5 December 1953. p. 42. 
  73. ^ "Selectors should resign says Davis Cup critic.". The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (NSW : 1892 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 December 1953. p. 1. 
  74. ^ "Tennis Critics Hit At "Boner".". Goulburn Evening Post (NSW : 1940 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 December 1953. p. 3 Edition: Daily and Evening. 
  75. ^ "The Cup selectors' "Mistake".". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 30 December 1953. p. 2. 
  76. ^ ""Biggest tragedy of tennis".". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 December 1953. p. 1. 
  77. ^ "Rosewall's great battle.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1953. p. 16. 
  78. ^ ""Best Tennis I Have Ever Seen".". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1953. p. 3. 
  79. ^ Davidson (1970), pp. 102-104, 113, 114
  80. ^ "'Topped all games'.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1953. p. 13. 
  81. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 105
  82. ^ Davidson (1970), p. 114
  83. ^ "Hoad far below best; volleying poor, backhand wilted.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 9 January 1954. p. 7 Section: Sports section. 
  84. ^ "Lew Hoad in camp.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 14 January 1954. p. 7. 
  85. ^ "Africa leads in Test.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 27 February 1954. p. 48. 
  86. ^ "Africa shocks Aussie stars in tennis Test.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 28 February 1954. p. 21. 
  87. ^ "Hoad's stay in hospital extended.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 5 March 1954. p. 3. 
  88. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 22
  89. ^ "Australians Leave For Tour.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 6 May 1954. p. 28. 
  90. ^ "Hoad Seeded No. 1 in France.". Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954) (Lismore, NSW: National Library of Australia). 17 May 1954. p. 3. 
  91. ^ "Hoad out of French tournament.". Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 May 1954. p. 1. 
  92. ^ "Australians eclipsed.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 31 May 1954. p. 28. 
  93. ^ "Hoad's second successive Queen's Club singles win.". Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 20 June 1954. p. 8 Edition: Country edition, Section: Sporting Section. 
  94. ^ "Trabert seeded No. 1 for Wimbledon: Hoad second.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 16 June 1954. p. 20. 
  95. ^ "Hood Avenges Defeat In French Championship.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 28 June 1954. p. 8. 
  96. ^ "Rosewall only Australian not beaten at Wimbledon.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 29 June 1954. p. 16. 
  97. ^ "U.S. pair beats Hoad-Rosewall.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 2 July 1954. p. 20. 
  98. ^ "Hoad beaten in UK tennis.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 10 July 1954. p. 11. 
  99. ^ "Hoad too strong for Fraser.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 20 July 1954. p. 23. 
  100. ^ "Eastern Title Win To L. Hoad.". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 10 August 1954. p. 10. 
  101. ^ "Hoad Down To Junior.". Goulburn Evening Post (NSW : 1940 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 13 August 1954. p. 3 Edition: Daily and Evening. 
  102. ^ "Emerson's Victory Is Praised.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 14 August 1954. p. 11. 
  103. ^ "Seixas and Trabert win U.S. doubles.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 23 August 1954. p. 28. 
  104. ^ "Hoad downed in five sets by Richardson.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 4 September 1954. p. 6. 
  105. ^ "Trabert, Hoad Classed No. 1.". The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954) (Charters Towers, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 26 August 1954. p. 1. 
  106. ^ "Hoad, Rosewall Lose In Singles.". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (NSW : 1876 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 20 September 1954. p. 8. 
  107. ^ "Hoad keen to regain form.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 2 October 1954. p. 3. 
  108. ^ "Hoad lethargic in semi-final defeat.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 14 October 1954. p. 12. 
  109. ^ "Hoad takes title.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1954. p. 7. 
  110. ^ "Hoad's form worst for year.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 17 November 1954. p. 15. 
  111. ^ "Hopman: not worried over Hoad's defeat.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 18 November 1954. p. 13. 
  112. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 26,27
  113. ^ "Quist's advice on Hoad: "Must leave him alone".". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 2 December 1954. p. 13. 
  114. ^ "'No solution at present,' says Hopman.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 3 December 1954. p. 32. 
  115. ^ "[No heading].". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 27 December 1954. p. 1. 
  116. ^ "U.S. wins back Davis Cup after lapse of 4 years.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 29 December 1954. p. 1. 
  117. ^ "Writer lists his 10 best: Hoad seventh.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 14 September 1954. p. 36. 
  118. ^ "Hopman surveys tennis tour.". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 27 September 1954. p. 24. 
  119. ^ "Hoad was never in best form.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 29 September 1954. p. 12. 
  120. ^ "Trabert and Connolly head tennis ranking.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 30 November 1954. p. 19. 
  121. ^ "The Hoads go on living in cases.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) (1933 - 1982: National Library of Australia). 11 July 1956. p. 12. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  122. ^ "Lewis Hoad not to play.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 31 December 1954. p. 1. 
  123. ^ "Lew and Jenny cause a stir.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 7 January 1955. p. 1. 
  124. ^ "Rosewall Beats Hoad In Australian Tennis Final.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 3 February 1955. p. 12. 
  125. ^ "Davis Cup squad leaved for U.K.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 31 May 1955. p. 1. 
  126. ^ "Rosewall Wins Pre-Wimbledon Singles Title.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 20 June 1955. p. 5. 
  127. ^ "2-day honeymoon-then tennis.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 20 June 1955. p. 5. 
  128. ^ "Budge Patty Upsets Hoad". Spokane Daily Chronicle. 27 Jun 1955. 
  129. ^ Hughes, G.P., ed. (1956). Dunlop Lawn Tennis Annual and Almanack 1956. London: Dunlop Sports Co. Ltd. p. 185. OCLC 877780619. 
  130. ^ "U.S. morale slumps as Hoad hits form.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 17 August 1955. p. 24. 
  131. ^ "Second Singles Wins Sweep Australia To Five-nil Triumph.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 30 August 1955. p. 8. 
  132. ^ "'Killer' Hoad fights for pro. offer.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 21 November 1955. p. 18. 
  133. ^ "Rose must beat Lew for a career.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 8 December 1955. p. 24. 
  134. ^ "Cooper heads for top of tennis.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 12 December 1955. p. 22. 
  135. ^ "Fraser Beats Hoad For S.A. Singles Title.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 3 January 1956. p. 3. 
  136. ^ "Crowd hinders title tennis.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 9 January 1956. p. 15. 
  137. ^ "Australian title to Lew Hoad.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 31 January 1956. p. 5. 
  138. ^ "A few faces were red as.. Tired Lew takes first big title.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 31 January 1956. p. 16. 
  139. ^ "Hoads' tennis tour approved.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 23 February 1956. p. 19. 
  140. ^ "Egyptian Tennis Championships.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 15 March 1956. p. 29. 
  141. ^ "Lew to play in final.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 26 March 1956. p. 17. 
  142. ^ "Vincent beats Hoad.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 5 April 1956. p. 18. 
  143. ^ "Hoad Heads Rankings.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 17 April 1956. p. 8. 
  144. ^ "Hoad tokes two titles.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 11 April 1956. p. 26. 
  145. ^ "Hoad In Three Title Wins.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 26 April 1956. p. 18. 
  146. ^ "Lew Hoad beaten.". Mirror (Perth, WA : 1921 - 1956) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 28 April 1956. p. 16. 
  147. ^ "Aussie Lew Whips Sven". Ottawa Citizen. 9 May 1956. 
  148. ^ "Hoad and Cooper win.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 19 May 1956. p. 33. 
  149. ^ "Hoad takes French title.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 31 May 1956. p. 18. 
  150. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 47
  151. ^ "Hoad beats Larsen to win Wiesbaden tennis tourney". Stars and Stripes. May 15, 1956. 
  152. ^ "El gran triunfo de Bob Howe sobre Lew Hoad ayer en el Trofeo Conde de Godo de Tenis". La Vanguardia. 2 June 1956. p. 28. 
  153. ^ "Our Lew is beaten by Drobny.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 11 June 1956. p. 18. 
  154. ^ "Rosewall favoured in Queen's tourney.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 19 June 1956. p. 11. 
  155. ^ "Hoad Wins Wimbledon Singles Tennis Crown" (The Lewiston Daily Sun). 6 July 1956. 
  156. ^ "Lew Hoad at Wimbledon crushes Rosewall for singles title" (Ottawa Citizen). 6 July 1956. 
  157. ^ "Wimbledon Tennis Hoad-Rosewall have grand doubles win.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 12 July 1956. p. 19. 
  158. ^ "He beat Lew —but lost.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 16 July 1956. p. 24. 
  159. ^ "Mrs Long, Hoad Win Finals.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 9 August 1956. p. 19. 
  160. ^ "Rosewall Great In Defeating Hoad.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 September 1956. p. 19. 
  161. ^ "Hoad Defeated.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 27 September 1956. p. 19. 
  162. ^ "Hoad Back From Tour.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 29 September 1956. p. 16. 
  163. ^ ""Killer Coop" beats Hoad.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 5 November 1956. p. 18. 
  164. ^ "Hoad's arm is our big worry now.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 9 November 1956. p. 14. 
  165. ^ "The rains came to rob Rosewall.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 17 December 1956. p. 16. 
  166. ^ "Tennis writer Ron asks: Why make enemies, Mr. Hoad?.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 18 December 1956. p. 18. 
  167. ^ "Australia Wins Challenge Round 5-Love.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 29 December 1956. p. 1. 
  168. ^ Kramer (1981), p. 226
  169. ^ Kramer (1981), pp. 224-226
  170. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 24
  171. ^ "Hoad decides not to turn profesional.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 3 November 1955. p. 3. 
  172. ^ "Jenny Hoad delayed Lew's tennis 'pro' career.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) (1933 - 1982: National Library of Australia). 24 July 1957. p. 4. 
  173. ^ "Hoad Decides to Join Pro. Ranks.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 8 July 1957. p. 1. 
  174. ^ Kramer (1981), p. 229
  175. ^ "Hoad Impressive In Professional Win.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 16 July 1957. p. 11. 
  176. ^ "Gonzales Beats Hoad In Stirring Game.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 23 July 1957. p. 11. 
  177. ^ "Gonzales Now Leads Hoad.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 2 April 1958. p. 20. 
  178. ^ "Lew And Pancho Serve Up Tennis At Its Very Best". Sports Illustrated 8 (24). 16 June 1958. 
  179. ^ Kramer (1981), pp. 233-235
  180. ^ "Around the World...". World Tennis 6 (6): 50. November 1958. 
  181. ^ "Around the World...". World Tennis 7 (2): 61, 67. July 1959. 
  182. ^ "Tournament results – England". World Tennis 7 (5): 78. October 1959. 
  183. ^ "Around the World...". World Tennis 7 (7): 44. December 1959. 
  184. ^ "Hoad new champion.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 11 September 1962. p. 28. 
  185. ^ "Lew Hoad Mr. Tennis.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 30 January 1963. p. 30. 
  186. ^ Hoad (2002), pp. 142-145
  187. ^ "Laver scores again.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 15 July 1968. p. 11. 
  188. ^ "Hoad shines in Dewar Cup". The Age. 3 Nov 1969. 
  189. ^ "Hoad threat again". The Age. 5 Nov 1969. 
  190. ^ a b "After seven years in Spain Lew Hoad now feels...". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) (1933 - 1982: National Library of Australia). 10 April 1974. p. 17. 
  191. ^ "How Vic Seixas rates our men.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 21 August 1954. p. 44. 
  192. ^ "Hoad "too erratic to be great".". News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 2 September 1954. p. 48. 
  193. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 10
  194. ^ "Hoad's main problem now himself.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 1 December 1954. p. 17. 
  195. ^ a b c "Hall of Fame – Lew Hoad – Tennis". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. 
  196. ^ Kramer (1981), pp. 229,230
  197. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 62
  198. ^ Dave Anderson (23 Jan 1970). "Pancho Picks Hoad". The Spokesman-Review. 
  199. ^ Kramer (1981), p. 230
  200. ^ "Rosewall praises Gonzales.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 29 May 1963. p. 45. 
  201. ^ Kramer (1981), p. 201
  202. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 28
  203. ^ Hoad (2002), pp. 29-32
  204. ^ "2-day honeymoon-then tennis.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 20 June 1955. p. 5. 
  205. ^ "Tennis Star Takes Bride In London". Reading Eagle - Jun 19, 1955. Jun 19, 1955. 
  206. ^ "My Wimbledon romance.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 23 July 1955. p. 33. 
  207. ^ "Luxury "Campo de Tennis".". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) (1933 - 1982: National Library of Australia). 11 June 1969. p. 2. 
  208. ^ Hoad (2002), pp. 120–126
  209. ^ Hoad (2002), p. 193.
  210. ^ "Tennis legend Lew Hoad dies.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 5 July 1994. p. 1. 
  211. ^ "Lew Hoad, 59, Tennis Champion of the 1950's". The New York Times. 5 July 1994. 
  212. ^ "Hoad and Rosewall for Hall of Fame.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 6 December 1994. p. 29. 
  213. ^ "The Lew Hoad Memorial ITF Veterans Tournament". ITF. 
Sources
Biographies
  • Lew Hoad and Jack Pollack The Lew Hoad Story (1958) OCLC 398749
  • Larry Hodgson and Dudley Jones Golden Boy : The Life and Times of Lew Hoad, A Tennis Legend (2001) ISBN 978-0953651641
  • Jenny Hoad and Jack Pollack My Life with Lew (2002) ISBN 9780732270674

External links[edit]