Lewes (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°52′34″N 0°01′05″E / 50.876°N 0.018°E / 50.876; 0.018

Lewes
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Lewes in EastSussex.
County East Sussex
Electorate 67,590 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament Norman Baker (Liberal Democrat)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Lewes is a constituency[n 1] in East Sussex represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Norman Baker, a Liberal Democrat.

Boundaries and constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is centred on the town of Lewes, for which it is named. However, the constituency also covers most of the Lewes district and parts of the Wealden district which are rural and semi-rural and all in outer parts of the London Commuter Belt, though with a high number of people who have retired from across the country.[2]

History[edit]

The constituency of Lewes has existed since commoners were first summoned to Parliament in 1295, the Model Parliament. This is the county town, though less significant in population today, far surpassed by the City of Brighton and Hove — it has nonetheless been continuously represented since that date.

Between 1874 and 1997, the constituency's electorate in the elections sent only Conservative MPs.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295-1660[edit]

  • Constituency created 1295
Parliament First member Second member
1295 Gervasius de Wolvehope Ricardus de Palmere[3]
1297 No return[3]
1298 Gervasius de Wolvehope Williemus Serverleg[3]
1300/1 Reginaldus de Combe Rogerus Coppyng[3]
1302 Gervasius de Wolvehope Ricardus le Palmere[3]
1304/5 Galfridus de Wolvehope Walterus Nyng[3]
1307 Robertus le Bynt Walterus le Fust[3]
1309 Simon Tring Johannes Arnald[3]
1311 Simon Tring Ricardus le Hurt[3]
1313 (Jul) Willielmus de la Chapele Galfridus de Wolvehope[3]
1313 (Sep) Simon Tring Johannes Gouman[3]
1319 Willielmus Walewere Henricus de Rudham[3]
1320 Thomas atte Novene Radulphus atte Lote[3]
1322 (May) Philippus le Mareschal Thomas de Lofelde[3]
1322 (Nov) Robertus le Spicer Ricardus le Poleter[3]
1323 Willielmus Walewere Robertus le Spicer[3]
1327 No return[3]
1328 Willielmus Darnel Johannes le Bake[3]
1329/30 Walterus atte Markette Ricardus le Hurt[3]
1330 Thomas Comyn Stephanus le Boche[3]
1331/2 Thomas Comyn Johannes Scoteryld[3]
1333/4 Robertus ?[3]
1334–1347 No names known[3]
1348 Ricardus Ploket Johannes Payn[3]
1350 Willielmus Gardyner Willielmus Darnel[3]
1354 Willielmus Darnel Willielmus Gardiner[3]
1355 Willielmus Darnel Willielmus Gardiner[3]
1357/8 Robertus atte Brouke Ricardus Crompe[3]
1360 Thomas Lyndefelde Willielmus Bocher[3]
1360/1 Ricardus Ferour de Lewes Thomas Lyndefeld[3]
1362 Robertus Norton Willielmus Swon[3]
1363 Willielmus Spicer Thomas Norays[3]
1366 Willielmus Boteller Stephanus Holte[3]
1368 Robertus de York Robertus Norton[3]
1369 Robertus de York Jacobus Ferrour[3]
1371 Henricus Werkeman[3]
1372 Jacobus Ferour Thomas Norays[3]
1373 Robertus de York Stephanus Holte[3]
1376/7 Willielmus Spicer Jacobus Ferour[3]
1378 Jacobus Ferour Johannes Shereve[3]
1379/80 Robertus de York Johannes Peyntour[3]
1381 Henricus Werkeman Robertus Norton[3]
1382 Henricus Werkeman Thomas Norrys[3]
1382/3 Stephanus Holte Johannes Goderyk[3]
1383 Robertus de York Willielmus Spicer[3]
1384 Thomas Norrys Willielmus Spicer[3]
1385 Thomas Norris Stephen Holt[3]
1388 (Feb) Stephen Holt Thomas Norris[4]
1388 (Sep) Richard atte Gate Walter Gosselyn[4]
1390 (Jan)
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Bedford Thomas Norris[4]
1393 William Chepelond John Godeman[4]
1394
1395 John Maryot John Sadeler[4]
1397 (Jan) John Godeman John Plomer[4]
1397 (Sep) John Godeman John Maryot[4]
1399 William Chepelond John Maryot[4]
1401 John Mason John Maryot[4]
1402 Robert Bynt John Maryot[4]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Roger Forster William Green[4]
1407 Roger Forster William Hyde[4]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Andrew Blake John Maryot[4]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Hert Robert Lytcombe[4]
1415
1416 (Mar) William Chepelond William Northampton[4]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Gosselyn John Parker[4]
1419 Andrew Blake William Fagger[4]
1420 John Gosselyn Thomas White[4]
1421 (May) William Fagger William Northampton[4]
1421 (Dec) Thomas White William Wodefold[4]
1422 William Vaggere Andreas Mauffay[3]
1423 William Wodefold Andreas Mafay[3]
1425 William Fagger John Gosselyn[3]
1425/6 William Penbrugge William Feret[3]
1427 John Godeman Roger Forster[3]
1429 Thomas White John Gosselyn[3]
1430/1 John Rodys Richard Brasier[3]
1432 Thomas White William Penbrygge[3]
1433 John Rodys William Penbrygge[3]
1435 Thomas White John Wody[3]
1436/7 William Thwaytes John Hanmere[3]
1441/2 Edward Mylle Giles Wodefold[3]
1446/7 Robert Wodefold Thomas Best[3]
1448/9 (Feb) Giles Wodefold William Godeman[3]
1449 (Nov) John Southwell William Delve[3]
1450 John Southwell John Beckwith[3]
1452/3 John Parker John Southwell[3]
1459 Richard Fairegoo Thomas Sherman[3]
1460 John Beckwith Thomas Best[3]
1467 Thomas Lewknor John Sherman[3]
1472 Christopher Furnes William Cook[3]
1477/8 William Cooke John Baker[3]
1510-1523 No names known[5]
1529 Sir Edward Bray John Batenore[5]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542 John Kyme  ?[5]
1545  ?
1547 Sir Walter Mildmay Sir Anthony Cooke[5]
1553 (Mar) John Southcote Thomas Gravesend[5]
1553 (Oct) Sir Henry Hussey George Darrell[5]
1554 (Apr) Robert Gage George Darrell[5]
1554 (Nov) John Stempe John Morley[5]
1555 William Devenish Thomas Gravesend[5]
1558 John Gage William Peterson[5]
1558/9 George Goring I Thomas Saunder[6]
1562/3 George Goring I William Cantrell[6]
1571 William Morley Edward Fenner[6]
1572 Edward Bellingham John Shirley[6]
1584 Richard Browne Thomas Pelham[6]
1586 Richard Browne Francis Alford[6]
1588 Robert Sackville John Shirley[6]
1593 Sir Henry Glemham George Goring II[6]
1597 Sir Henry Glemham John Shirley[6]
1601 George Goring II Goddard Pemberton, sat for Peterborough
and replaced by
Sir Percival Hart[6]
1604 John Shirley Sir Henry Nevill
1614 Christopher Neville Richard Amhurst
1621 Sir George Goring Richard Amhurst
1624 Sir George Goring Christopher Newell
1625 Sir George Goring Sir George Rivers
1626 Sir George Goring Sir George Rivers
1628 Anthony Stapley Sir George Goring
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Anthony Stapley, sat for Sussex
replaced by
Herbert Morley[7]
James Rivers
1641 Herbert Morley Henry Shelley
1645 Herbert Morley Henry Shelley
1648 Herbert Morley Henry Shelley
1653 Lewes not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Henry Shelley (one seat only)
1656 Anthony Stapley (one seat only)
1659 Herbert Morley Richard Boughton

MPs 1660-1868[edit]

Election 1st Member[8] 1st Party 2nd Member[8] 2nd Party
1660 Nizel Rivers Sir John Stapley
1661 Sir Thomas Woodcock
Feb 1679 William Morley Richard Bridger
Aug 1679 Thomas Pelham
1695 Henry Pelham
Jan 1701 Sir Thomas Trevor
Nov 1701 Henry Pelham
Jul 1702 Richard Payne
Nov 1702 Sir Nicholas Pelham
1705 Thomas Pelham
May 1708 Peter Gott
Dec 1708 Samuel Gott
1710 Peter Gott
1712 John Morley Trevor
1719 Philip Yorke
1722 Henry Pelham
1726 Sir Nicholas Pelham
1727 Thomas Pelham
1738 John Trevor
1741 Thomas Pelham
1743 Sir John Shelley Sir Francis Poole
1747 Thomas Sergison
1763 William Plumer
1766 Lord Edward Bentinck
1768 Thomas Hampden Thomas Hay
1774 Sir Thomas Miller, Bt
1780 Henry Pelham Thomas Kemp
1796 John Cressett-Pelham
1802 Henry Shelley Lord Francis Osborne
1806 Thomas Kemp
1811 Thomas Read Kemp
1812 Sir George Shiffner
1816 John Shelley
1826 Thomas Read Kemp Liberal
1831 Sir Charles Blunt, Bt Liberal
1837 Henry Fitzroy Conservative
1840 Viscount Cantelupe Conservative
1841 Summers Harford Liberal Sir Howard Elphinstone Liberal
1842 Henry Fitzroy Peelite
1847 Robert Perfect Liberal
1852 Henry Brand Liberal
1860 John George Blencowe Liberal
1865 Lord Pelham Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one

MPs since 1868[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1868 Lord Pelham Liberal
1874 William Langham Christie Conservative
1885 Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher Conservative
1910 by-election William Campion Conservative
1924 by-election Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish Conservative
1931 John de Vere Loder Conservative
1936 by-election Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish Conservative
1945 Sir Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish Conservative
Feb 1974 Tim Rathbone Conservative
1997 Norman Baker Liberal Democrat

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker[9]
Conservative Maria Caulfield[10]
UKIP Nigel Jones[11]
Labour Lloyd Russell-Moyle[12]
Green Alfie Stirling[13]
General Election 2010: Lewes[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker 26,048 52.0 +0.5
Conservative Jason Sugarman 18,401 36.7 +2.1
Labour Hratche Koundarjian 2,508 5.0 −4.3
UKIP Peter Charlton 1,728 3.4 +1.2
Green Susan Murray 729 1.5 −0.8
BNP David Lloyd 594 1.2 N/A
Independent Ondrej Soucek 80 0.2 N/A
Majority 7,647 15.3
Turnout 50,088 72.9 +3.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker 24,376 52.4 −3.9
Conservative Rory Love 15,902 34.2 −0.7
Labour Richard Black 4,169 9.0 +1.7
Green Susan Murray 1,071 2.3 +2.3
UKIP John Petley 1,034 2.2 +0.8
Majority 8,474 18.2
Turnout 46,552 69.4 0.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −1.6
General Election 2001: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker 25,588 56.3 +13.1
Conservative Simon Sinnatt 15,878 34.9 −5.6
Labour Paul Richards 3,317 7.3 −3.3
UKIP John Harvey 650 1.4 +0.9
Majority 9,710 21.4
Turnout 45,433 68.5 −7.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker 21,250 43.2 +4.1
Conservative Tim Rathbone 19,950 40.6 −10.8
Labour Mark Patton 5,232 10.6 +2.4
Referendum Party Lucille Butler 2,481 5.0 N/A
UKIP John Harvey 256 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,300 2.6
Turnout 49,169 76.4
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Lewes[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 33,042 54.6 −2.2
Liberal Democrat Norman Baker 20,867 34.5 +1.8
Labour Alison Chapman 5,758 9.5 +0.7
Green A. E. Beaumont 719 1.2 −0.5
Natural Law N. F. Clinch 87 0.2 N/A
Majority 12,175 20.1 −4.0
Turnout 60,473 81.8 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 32,016 56.8 −1.8
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal) David Bellotti 18,396 32.7 +2.0
Labour R. P. Taylor 4,973 8.8 +0.3
Green A. G. P. Sherwood 970 1.7 −0.7
Majority 13,620 24.1
Turnout 56,355 77.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 29,261 58.4
SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal) David Bellotti 15,357 30.7
Labour Debbie Sander 4,244 8.5
Ecology R. P. C. Mutter 1,221 2.4
Majority 13,904 27.7
Turnout 50,083 74.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 33,992 58.42
Liberal G. Hook 12,279 21.10
Labour T. Forrester 11,152 19.17
National Front B. Webb 764 1.31
Majority 21,713 37.32
Turnout 58,187 76.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 27,588 51.87
Liberal G. Hook 13,741 25.84
Labour J. F. Little 11,857 22.29
Majority 13,847 26.04
Turnout 53,186 73.81
Conservative hold Swing

New constituency boundaries.

General Election February 1974: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Rathbone 30,423 52.94
Liberal M. Holt 16,166 28.13
Labour J. F. Little 10,875 18.92
Majority 14,257 24.81
Turnout 57,464 80.30
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 33,592 58.34
Labour Q. Barry 14,904 25.88
Liberal Malcolm Holt 9,083 15.77
Majority 18,688 32.46
Turnout 57,579 72.79
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 27,529 53.44
Labour R. E. Manley 14,561 28.32
Liberal Gerald A. Dowden 9,328 18.14
Majority 12,968 25.22
Turnout 51,418 76.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 26,818 55.30
Labour R. E. Fitch 12,757 26.30
Liberal Gerald A. Dowden 8,924 18.40
Majority 14,061 28.99
Turnout 48,499 76.43
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 29,642 69.41
Labour W. Reay 13,065 30.59
Majority 16,577 38.82
Turnout 42,707 75.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 24,938 66.80
Labour J. L. Eley 12,392 33.20
Majority 12,546 33.61
Turnout 37,330 74.83
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 34,345 66.78
Labour A. W. Briggs 17,082 33.22
Majority 17,263 33.57
Turnout 51,478 78.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 30,430 58.50
Labour A.W. Briggs 15,023 28.88
Liberal Florinda Kingdon-Ward 6,565 12.62
Majority 15,407 29.62
Turnout 80.99
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 26,176 51.26
Labour A.E. Oram 18,511 36.25
Liberal Peter Cadogan 6,374 12.48
Majority 7,665 15.01
Turnout 71.87
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Lewes by-election 18 June 1936
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 14,646
Labour 7,557
Majority 7,089
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Capt. John de Vere Loder 24,644 70.01
Labour F.R. Hancock 10,559 29.99
Majority 14,085 40.01
Turnout 64.41
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Lewes
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Capt. John de Vere Loder 25,181 81.29
Labour F.R. Hancock 5,795 18.71
Majority 19,386 62.58
Turnout 70.87
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Lewes[16]

Electorate 40,291

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish 15,230 53.7 -19.0
Labour Alban G Gordon 7,698 27.1 -0.2
Liberal Henry Plunket Woodgate 5,452 19.2 n/a
Majority
Turnout 70.4 +5.7
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Lewes[17]

Electorate 28,517

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish 13,399 72.7
Labour Basil William R Hall 5,043 27.3
Majority 8,356 45.4
Turnout 64.7
Unionist hold Swing
Lewes by-election, 1924[18]

Electorate 27,361

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish 9,584 52.0
Labour Basil William R Hall 6,112 33.2
Liberal H Williams 2,718 14.8
Majority 3,472 18.8
Turnout 67.3
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Lewes[19]

Electorate 27,361

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Robert Campion 9,474 59.6 -8.4
Labour Basil William R Hall 6,422 40.4 +8.4
Majority 3,052 19.2
Turnout 58.1
Unionist hold Swing -8.4
General Election 1922 : Lewes[20]

Electorate 25,801

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Robert Campion 11,345 68.0
Labour Hugh Millier Black 5,328 32.0
Majority 6,017 36.0
Turnout 64.6 +9.5
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Lewes[21]

Electorate 22,500

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 7,792 62.8
Labour Tom Pargeter 4,164 33.6
Independent Lt. Albert Edward Gardiner 452 3.6
Majority 3,628 29.2
Turnout 55.1
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq "Lewes Parliament 1295-1885". Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  7. ^ National Archives - The Glynde Place Archives
  8. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/lewes-2015.html
  10. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/lewes-2015.html
  11. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/lewes-2015.html
  12. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/lewes-2015.html
  13. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/lewes-2015.html
  14. ^ UKPollingReport, Lewes
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  17. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  18. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  19. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  20. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  21. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]