Lewis A. Kaplan
|Lewis A. Kaplan|
|Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
February 1, 2011
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
August 10, 1994 – February 1, 2011
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Gerard Louis Goettel|
|Succeeded by||Ronnie Abrams|
December 23, 1944 |
Staten Island, New York
|Alma mater||University of Rochester
Harvard Law School
Born in Staten Island, New York, Kaplan received an A.B. from the University of Rochester in 1966 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1969. He served as a law clerk for Judge Edward McEntee, U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit, from 1969 to 1970. Kaplan was in private practice in New York City from 1970 to 1994 and was a Special Master, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, from 1982 to 1983.
On May 5, 1994, Kaplan was nominated by President Bill Clinton to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Gerard Louis Goettel. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 9, 1994, and received his commission on August 10, 1994. He took senior status on February 1, 2011, and was succeeded by Judge Ronnie Abrams.
Kaplan presided over the first case where charges against a Guantanamo captives were laid in a civilian court. On February 9, 2010, Kaplan ordered Ahmed Ghailani's Prosecution to review the record of Ghailani's detention in the CIA's network of black sites. According to the New York Times any materials that show the decisions “were for a purpose other than national security,” must be turned over to Ghailani's lawyers.
Kaplan denied a motion to dismiss the charges on the grounds that due to Ghailani's long extrajudicial detention he was denied the constitutional right to a speedy trial, ruling that his extended incarceration had no adverse impact on Mr. Ghailani’s ability to defend himself. This cleared the way for federal prosecutors to try him for his suspected role in Al Qaeda’s 1998 bombings of embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
The New York Times reported that Kaplan's ruling could set a precedent for the cases of other Guantanamo captives, who, like Ghailani, are transferred to the civilian justice system. On January 25, 2011, Kaplan sentenced Ghailani to life, and called the attacks "horrific" and saying the deaths and damage they caused far outweighs "any and all considerations that have been advanced on behalf of the defendant." He also ordered Ghailani to pay $33 million as restitution.
Working in New York City, Kaplan had been the judge in a number of federal racketeering cases involving Mafia members. In April 2010, Judge Kaplan was assigned to preside over the cases of 14 Gambino crime family members arrested on charges, among others, of racketeering, racketeering conspiracy, witness tampering (in the 1992 trial of John Gotti), and sex trafficking of a minor.
Kaplan has presided over a number of notorious cases at the district level, including Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp., Universal v. Reimerdes, Five Borough Bicycle Club v. The City of New York, and The People v. Ahmed Ghailani.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- Benjamin Weiser (2010-02-10). "U.S. Told to Review Files on Terror Case Detention". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-02-11.
- Gitmo Detainee Gets Life Sentence in Embassy Plot
- Lewis A. Kaplan at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.