26 October 1846|
Providence, Rhode Island
|Died||5 October 1912(aged 65)|
Hyades star cluster
|Notable awards||Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society|
He was born in Providence, Rhode Island to Samuel P. and Lucinda (née Joslin) Boss, and attended secondary school at the Lapham Institute in North Scituate and the New Hampton Institution in New Hampshire. In 1870 he graduated from Dartmouth College, then went to work as a clerk for the U.S. Government. He served as an assistant astronomer for a government expedition to survey the U.S-Canadian border. In 1876 he became the directory of the Dudley Observatory in Schenectady, New York.
Boss is noted for his work in cataloguing the locations and proper motions of stars. He also led an expedition to Chile in 1882 to observe the transit of Venus, and catalogued information concerning cometary orbits. His most significant discovery was the calculation of the convergent point of the Hyades star cluster. He was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1905.
He became editor of the Astronomical Journal in 1909, and the following year published Preliminary General Catalogue of 6188 Stars for the Epoch 1900, a compilation of the proper motions of stars. Following his death in 1912, responsibility for the Astronomical Journal passed to his son, Benjamin Boss. Benjamin continued to edit the journal until 1941 and also expanded his father's star catalogue, publishing the Boss General Catalogue in 1936.
- Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Andrew Van Vranken Raymond, Union University: Its History, Influence, Characteristics and... Lewis Publishing Co. (1907), 2.
- Much of this article was based on the Dudley Observatory history of Lewis Boss.
- Preliminary General Catalogue of 6188 Stars for the Epoch 1900 Bibcode: 1910Sci....32..155C
- National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir
|This United States astronomer article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|