Lewis de Charleton
|Lewis de Charleton|
|Bishop of Hereford|
|See||Diocese of Hereford|
He was educated, it is said, at both Oxford and Cambridge, but was the more closely connected with Oxford, of which he became a doctor of civil law and a licentiate, if not also a doctor, in theology. In 1336, he became prebendary of Hereford, of which see his kinsman Thomas Charlton was then bishop. He next appears, with his brother Humphrey, as holding prebends in the collegiate church of Pontesbury, of which Lord Charlton was patron. In 1340, Adam of Coverton petitione to the king against him on the ground of obstructing him in collecting tithes belonging to St. Michael’s, Shrewsbury. A royal commission was appointed to inquire into the case, which in 1345 was still pending. Lewis had apparently succeeded Thomas the bishop to this prebend, and on his resignation in 1359 was succeeded by Humphrey, who held all three prebends in succession. In 1348, he appears as signing, as doctor of civil law, an indenture between the town and university of Oxford that the should have a common assize and assay of weights and measures. He was probably continuously resident as a teacher at Oxford; of which university his brother became chancellor some time before 1354. It is sometimes, but without authority, asserted that Lewis himself was chancellor. He constantly acted, however, in important business in conjunction with his brother. In 1354, a great feud broke out between town and university, and at the brothers’ petition the king conditionally liberated some townsmen from prison and granted his protection for a year to the scholars. For these and other services they were enrolled in the album of benefactors, and in 1356 an annual mass for the two was directed to be henceforth celebrated on St. Edmund’s day.
William of Wykeham is said to have been among Charlton’s pupils in mathematics. Charlton’s Inn took its name from one of the brothers or from some others of the name about the same time connected with) the university. At last Lewis was raised by revision of Innocent VI to the bishopric of Hereford (1361), having already been elected by a part of the chapter, although the preference of another part for John Barnet, arch-deacon of London, had probably necessitated the reference to Avignon. Charlton was consecrated at Avignon on 3 October of the same year. 
His presence there rather suggests some mission or office at the papal Curia. On 3 November, he made the profession of obedience and received his spiritualities of Archbishop Simon Islip at Oxford, and on 14 November his temporalities were restored. Little is recorded of his acts as bishop. His attention to his parliamentary duties is shown by his appearing as trier, of petitions in 1362, 1363, 1365, 1366, and 1368. 
He died on 23 May 1369, and was buried in the south-east transept of his cathedral, where his mutilated monument still remains. He left by his will his mitre and some vestments, together with £40, to the cathedral. 
- Tout 1887.
- Fryde, et al., Handbook of British Chronology, p. 250.
- Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). "Appendix 5: Chancellors of the University". The Encyclopaedia of Oxford. Macmillan. pp. 521–522. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
- Wood (1790). Fasti Oxonienses. p. 25.
- Wordsworth, Christopher (ed.). The Ancient Kalendar of the University of Oxford. Archive.org. Vol. XLV (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
- Wood (1790). Fasti Oxonienses. p. 26.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Tout, Thomas Frederick (1887). "Charlton, Lewis". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Wood, Anthony (1790). The History and Antiquities of the Colleges and Halls in the University of Oxford. Google Books.
- Dohar, W. J. (2004). "Charlton, Lewis (d. 1369)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
Humphrey de Cherlton
|Chancellor of the University of Oxford
John de Hotham
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Hereford